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Certificate of Divorce
Bill of Divorce • Bill of Divorcement
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Certificate of Divorce
Certificate of Divorce. Document a man was obligated to give to his wife if he divorced her.See Divorce, Certificate of.
Divorce, Certificate of
Divorce, Certificate of. A document declaring the separation of a husband and wife mandated by Mosaic law (Dt 24:1–4; see Mt 5:31; 19:7; Mk 10:4). The certificate of divorce protected the woman’s rights, providing evidence of her freedom and ensuring that her husband could not claim her dowry. An example
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Certificate of Divorce
Certificate of Divorce [Gk. apostásion (Mt. 5:31), biblíon apostasíou (19:7; Mk. 10:4)]; AV WRITING (Mk. 10:4, BILL) OF DIVORCEMENT; NEB NOTE OF DISMISSAL. See Divorce.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Certificate of Divorce
CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE* Document a man was obligated to give to his wife if he divorced her. See Divorce, Certificate of.
Divorce, Certificate of
DIVORCE*, CERTIFICATE OF A document declaring the separation of a husband and wife, mandated by Mosaic law (Dt 24:1–4; see Mt 5:31; 19:7; Mk 10:4). The certificate of divorce protected the woman’s rights, providing evidence of her freedom and ensuring that her husband could not claim her dowry. An example
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
Bill
BILL.—1. Bill of divorcement: Mk 10:4, Mt 19:7 (RV): Gr. βιβλίον (a scroll or letter) ἀποστασίου; shorter equivalent, ἀποστάσιον Mt 5:31. In all three passages the expression is used of the ספֵר כְּרֵיחת demanded in Dt 24:1–4 of the husband who divorces his wife. In contrast with the older usage
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
DIVORCE, CERTIFICATE OF
DIVORCE, CERTIFICATE OF [סֵפֶר כְּרִיתֻתsefer kerithuth; βιβλίον ἀποστάσιον biblion apostasion]. According to the deuteronomic law code (Deut 24:1, 3), a husband “writes a certificate of divorce, gives it into her hand, and sends her from his house.” The content of the writ is not specified, although
GITTIN
GITTIN [גִּטִּיןgittin]. The name of the sixth tractate of the third order (Nashim/“On Women”) of the MISHNAH. The tractate presents legal interpretation (HALAKHAH) on issues surrounding the granting of a DIVORCE based on the text of Deut 24:1–4. The tractate is named after the certificate of divorce.
Key passages
Dt 24:1–3

“When a man takes a wife and he marries her and then she does not please him, because he found something objectionable and writes her a letter of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her away from his house, and she goes from his house, and she goes out and becomes a wife for another …

Mt 5:31

“And it was said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.’

Mt 19:7

They said to him, “Why then did Moses command us to give a document—a certificate of divorce—and to divorce her?”

See also
Topics & Themes
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