Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A late first—early second century ad opponent of Christianity, who lived in Asia Minor and was deemed heretical by early church fathers (e.g., Irenaeus, Adversus Haereses 1.26.1; Hippolytus of Rome, Refutation 7.21; Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History 3.28–35, 7.25.3).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
CERINTHUS (PERSON) [Gk Kerinthos (Κερινθος)]. A gnostic teacher who lived in Asia Minor about 100 a.d. Irenaeus (Haer. 1.26.1) says that Cerinthus believed the world was created by a Power separated from and ignorant of the true God. He also taught that Jesus was the son of Joseph and Mary. At baptism
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
CERINTHUS* Gnostic heretic (died c. 100) whose heresy was condemned by the apostle John. Probably born in Egypt and reared a Jew, Cerinthus was leader of a group of Christians who had Gnostic tendencies. He apparently believed that the world was created not by God but by a lesser being (called the Demiurge)
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cerinthus (Gk. Kērinthos)A Gnostic who taught an adoptionist Christology and held that Jesus was the natural son of Joseph and Mary. Living near the end of the 1st century c.e., Cerinthus is a prime example of the tendency toward syncretism in the religious life of the Hellenistic world as he brought
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Cerinthus (fl. c. 100), *Gnostic heretic. The source of his opinions is uncertain, but, like most Gnostics, he seems to have held that the world had been created, not by the supreme God, but either by a *Demiurge, a far less exalted being, or by angels, who had produced it out of formless matter. He
A Catholic Dictionary
cerinthians. Cerinthus was a native of Alexandria, but taught his heresy in proconsular Asia. He was a contemporary of St. John, who on one occasion left the public baths at Ephesus, because Cerinthus was there, the Apostle fearing to be in the same place with an “enemy of the truth.” Irenæus says St.
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Cerinthus.—Heresiarch of the first century. This heretic, coming from Alexandria, resided at Ephesus while St. John the Apostle dwelt in that city. He denied the identity of Jesus with Christ, and maintained that Jesus, “the son of Joseph and Mary,” was but a mere man, who in baptism received the Holy
The Westminster Dictionary of Theologians
Cerinthus (ca. 100). Leader of a Judeo-Christian sect with gnostic tendencies. He believed that the world had been created by “an inferior divinity” (demiurge) or by the angels. He also taught that Jesus had received “Christ” during his baptism. This was the manifestation of the power of God, which revealed
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
CERINTHUS (Κήρινθος), probably belonged to the first century of the Christian aera, though he has been assigned to the second by Basnage and others. The fathers by whom he is mentioned make him contemporary with the Apostle John, and there is no ground for rejecting their testimony. He has been universally
A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, Volumes I–IV
CERINTHUS. Among the traditional opponents of the teaching of St. John is Cerinthus. Tradition associates with his name facts which, if exaggerated, are yet sufficient to establish his existence, and opinions historically consonant with the stirring thoughts of the age in which he is placed. It will
Dictionary of Theological Terms
CerinthiansFollowers of the heretic Cerinthus (circa a.d. 100) who, among other things, taught that Jesus was an ordinary mortal upon whom Christ, a divine power, came at baptism and from whom it departed before his crucifixion.