Loading…
Centurion watching Jesus’ Death
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An officer in the Roman army in command of a unit of approximately 80 soldiers. Notable centurions in the Bible include:Cornelius, a god-fearing centurion whose baptism by Peter represents the beginning of the spread of the gospel to Gentiles (Acts 10–11).• A centurion whose servant Jesus heals from a distance and whose faith Jesus praises (Matt 8:5–13; Luke 7:2–10).• A centurion who was present at Jesus’ crucifixion and identified Jesus as the Son of God according to Mark 15:39 and Matt 27:54 and as innocent according to Luke 23:47.(For more information about the role of centurions in the Roman army, see this article: Roman Army.)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Centurion
Centurion (ἑκατοντάρχης, hekatontarchēs; κεντυρίων, kentyriōn). An officer in the Roman army in command of a unit of approximately 80 soldiers. Notable centurions in the Bible include:Cornelius, a god-fearing centurion whose baptism by Peter represents the beginning of the spread of the gospel to
Historical Jesus, Quest for the
Jesus, Historical, Quest for Overviews the scholarly pursuit to create the best reconstruction of Jesus’ life and teachings through the use of the best readings of the most recent historical data.
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ (ca. 5/4 bcad 30/33). According to the New Testament, Jesus Christ is the incarnate Word of God, the Creator and Savior of the world, the founder of Christianity, and the sinless exemplar of its principles and practices. “Jesus”—His personal name—is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Jeshua” (or
Jesus in the Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud Discusses the debate over purported references to Jesus of Nazareth in classical rabbinic literature such as the Talmud.
Jesus, Canonical
Jesus, Canonical Approach to The portrayal of Jesus according to the accounts of the canonical Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). These texts present the story of Jesus as the climax of salvation history, within the context of God’s dealings with Israel, and in support of the Christian Church’s
Qumran and Jesus
Qumran and Jesus Explores the parallels between Jesus and the Qumran community.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Jesus (Person)
JESUS (PERSON) [Gk Iēsous (Ἰησους)]. Several persons mentioned in the Bible bear this name, which is a Greek form of Joshua (Heb yĕhôšûaʿ; cf. the Gk of Luke 3:29; Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8). One of these is the son of Sirach, who wrote the deuterocanonical book of Ecclesiasticus; see WISDOM OF BEN-SIRA.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Centurion
Centurion. Commander of 100 men in the Roman army. There were generally 6 centurions in each cohort and 10 cohorts in a legion. Each legion had 6 tribunes to whom its centurions were subordinate. In Acts 22:26, for example, a centurion appealed to his tribune for a decision concerning the apostle Paul.
Earthquake
Earthquake. Frequent geologic disturbance in Palestine due mostly to the volcanic nature of the regions around the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee. The primary centers of earthquakes in Palestine are upper Galilee, the Samaritan country near Shechem, and the western edge of the Judean mountains near
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Centurion
Centurion [Gk. hekatontárchēs, hekatóntarchos, in Mk. 15 kenturíōn; Lat centurio]. The commander of a hundred men (a “century”), more or less, in a Roman legion. Matthew and Luke use the Greek word while Mark characteristically prefers the Latin form, since he seems to write primarily for Roman
Cross; Crucify
Cross; Crucify [Gk. staurós, vb. stauróō]. No word has become more universally known than this, because the history of the world since the death of Christ has been decisively shaped by that epoch-making event. The principal content of the Christian religion is symbolized in this one word. I. Meaning
Earthquake
Earthquake [Heb. raʿaš; Gk. seismós]; AV, NEB, also RUSHING. A shaking of the earth’s crust, usually a tectonic activity of variable intensity. Egypt is relatively free from this hazard, but the area from Greece to Iran is especially vulnerable, as many catastrophes in the area indicate: a quake in
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Centurion
CENTURION* Commander of 100 men in the Roman army. There were generally six centurions in each cohort and ten cohorts in a legion. Each legion had six tribunes to whom its centurions were subordinate. In Acts 22:26, for example, a centurion appealed to his tribune for a decision concerning the apostle
Earthquake
EARTHQUAKE Shaking or trembling of the earth originated by volcanic or tectonic activity. Earthquakes occur frequently in Palestine due mostly to the volcanic nature of the regions around the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee. The primary centers of earthquakes in Palestine are upper Galilee, the Samaritan
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST Messiah, Savior, and founder of the Christian church.In providing a biography of Jesus Christ it must be borne in mind that each of the Gospels has its own distinctive purpose. Matthew, for instance, presents Jesus as the messianic King, whereas the emphasis in Mark is more on Jesus as
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Centurion
centurion, the commander of a hundred soldiers in a Roman legion, which consisted of six thousand men. Centurions were prestigious members of a relatively small class of military leaders. They received substantial pensions upon retirement and would easily count among the local notables of a town (cf.
Cross
cross (Gk. stauros), an ancient instrument of torture and execution. The use of an upright stake (also stauros) to display a corpse or to torture or execute a person was widespread in the first millennium bce, especially in times of war. The Hebrew Bible does not mention the stake or cross as a mode
Earthquake
earthquake, a shaking or trembling of the earth’s surface, fairly frequent in the Near East. Specific earthquakes within the biblical period include one in 31 bce reported by the Jewish historian Josephus, which left clear marks in Qumran’s ruins, and one in Uzziah’s days (ca. 760 bce) cited in Amos
Jesus Christ
Jesus Christjesus christ is the central figure of the nt: every book is written because of him and, in some sense, about him. Within the nt itself, he is spoken of in two distinct ways.(1) The nt describes and reflects upon a man named Jesus who lived in Galilee and was eventually crucified in Jerusalem;
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Centurion
CENTURION. An officer in the Roman army (Acts 21:32; 22:26; 23:23) in command of a century (100 foot soldiers, more or less). The number of centurions in a legion was 60 and in a cohort (KJV, “band”) was ten.In the NT, four centurions are mentioned, all in a favorable light: Cornelius, stationed at
Cross
CROSS. An upright post with horizontal beam fastened across it near the top of which convicted persons were executed in the Roman world.Forms. (1) Crux simplex, the simple cross, namely, a single post or upright stake; (2) crux commissa or crux humilus, St. Anthony’s, in the shape of a tau or “T”; (3)
Earthquake
EARTHQUAKE. A vibration of the earth caused sometimes by a cracking and shifting of rock beneath the surface. There are two major types, volcanic and tectonic. The Bible mentions a few; e.g., when (1) the law was given on Sinai (Ex 19:18; Heb 12:26); (2) the earth “swallowed … up” Korah, Dathan, and
Jesus Christ
JESUS CHRIST. Jesus Christ is unique in several respects, not the least of which is the fact that in Him alone centers the gospel of the grace of God. He has changed the face of history, for in Him eternity has invaded time, God has become man, and human life has achieved through His redemption a significance
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Cross, Crucifixion
CROSS, CRUCIFIXION. The Gk. word for ‘cross (stauros; verb stauroō; Lat. crux, crucifigo, ‘I fasten to a cross’) means primarily an upright stake or beam, and secondarily a stake used as an instrument for punishment and execution. It is used in this latter sense in the NT. The noun occurs 28 times and
Earthquake
EARTHQUAKE. Earthquakes have been the alter ego of *Palestine consequent on its geological structure. In the biblical record earthquakes or their associated phenomena are recorded at various periods and attested in some excavations (e.g. Y. Yadin, Hazor, 1975, pp. 150–151), at Mt Sinai on the giving
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Centurion
CenturionThe rank designated for the commander of a Roman centuria, a subdivision of a cohort. At full strength the centuria would constitute 80 soldiers (not the hundred that the name implies).The centurion (Gk. hekatontárchēs) was the highest-ranking noncommissioned officer in both the Roman army
Cross
CrossIn the NT the Cross does not simply represent the instrument of Jesus’ death but evokes a wide range of kerygmatic and theological affirmations. The Cross should not be isolated from the total Christ event, the death and resurrection—understood as the saving act of God (Rom. 4:24–25; 6:4–5; 2 Cor.
Earthquake
EarthquakeAn unusual shaking or trembling of the earth or some part thereof. Both Amos (Amos 1:1) and Zechariah (Zech. 14:5) refer to a literal earthquake (Heb. raʿaš) during the reign of Uzziah, king of Judah. Since these two prophets refer to it as “the earthquake,” without any other identification,
Jesus Christ
Jesus ChristThe founder of what became the Christian movement. For greater specificity, in his lifetime he was called “Jesus son of Joseph” (Luke 4:22; John 1:45; 6:42), “Jesus of Nazareth” (Acts 10:38), or “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mark 1:24; Luke 24:19 [some translations do not distinguish “the Nazarene”
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Centurion
Centurion [sĕn tōōrˊĭ ən] (Gk. hekatontárchēs).† The commander of a “century”—one hundred soldiers—the smallest unit of the Roman army. (In New Testament times there were ten centuries in a cohort and sixty centuries in a legion, making about six thousand soldiers per legion.) The centurions,
Crucifixion
CROSS (Gk. staurós; Lat. crux), CRUCIFIXION (cf. stauróō “crucify”). † Use of an upright stake as an instrument of torture and execution attained particular significance as the culmination of Christ’s persecution and thus as a symbol of his atonement for mankind.Crucifixion is first attested
Earthquake
Earthquake (Heb. ra˓aš; Gk. seismós). A shaking or trembling of the earth due either to volcanic activity or a slight movement of the earth’s crust. Because Palestine is located near a region of active earthquakes, it has experienced numerous earthquakes, which, seismologists assume, are caused
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Jesus
JESUS ἸησοῦςI. Iēsous is the Greek form of the Hebrew personal name yĕhōšūʿa stamped after its postexilic variant yēšūʿa. The votive name means “Yahweh is help (salvation)” as rightly interpreted by Philo, Mut. 121. It is derived from the root yšʿ, frequent in other Hebrew and Semitic personal
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Cross, Theology of The
Cross, theology of the“We preach Christ crucified” (1 Cor 1:23). The centrality of the cross to Paul’s proclamation of the gospel is captured in this enormously suggestive phrase from the Corinthian correspondence. Since the early sixteenth century, the phrase “theology of the cross” has come to be
Jesus
Jesus and paulThe relationship between Jesus and Paul poses a historical question with huge theological ramifications. Is Paul’s theology in harmony and continuity with the teaching and ministry of Jesus, or is there an unbridgeable gulf between them? It is generally held that, if it is to merit the