Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An officer in the Roman army in command of a unit of approximately 80 soldiers. Notable centurions in the Bible include:• Cornelius, a god-fearing centurion whose baptism by Peter represents the beginning of the spread of the gospel to Gentiles (Acts 10–11).• A centurion whose servant Jesus heals from a distance and whose faith Jesus praises (Matt 8:5–13; Luke 7:2–10).• A centurion who was present at Jesus’ crucifixion and identified Jesus as the Son of God according to Mark 15:39 and Matt 27:54 and as innocent according to Luke 23:47.(For more information about the role of centurions in the Roman army, see this article: Roman Army.)
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Centurion. Commander of 100 men in the Roman army. There were generally 6 centurions in each cohort and 10 cohorts in a legion. Each legion had 6 tribunes to whom its centurions were subordinate. In Acts 22:26, for example, a centurion appealed to his tribune for a decision concerning the apostle Paul.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Centurion [Gk. hekatontárchēs, hekatóntarchos, in Mk. 15 kenturíōn; Lat centurio]. The commander of a hundred men (a “century”), more or less, in a Roman legion. Matthew and Luke use the Greek word while Mark characteristically prefers the Latin form, since he seems to write primarily for Roman
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
CENTURION* Commander of 100 men in the Roman army. There were generally six centurions in each cohort and ten cohorts in a legion. Each legion had six tribunes to whom its centurions were subordinate. In Acts 22:26, for example, a centurion appealed to his tribune for a decision concerning the apostle
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
centurion, the commander of a hundred soldiers in a Roman legion, which consisted of six thousand men. Centurions were prestigious members of a relatively small class of military leaders. They received substantial pensions upon retirement and would easily count among the local notables of a town (cf.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CenturionThe rank designated for the commander of a Roman centuria, a subdivision of a cohort. At full strength the centuria would constitute 80 soldiers (not the hundred that the name implies).The centurion (Gk. hekatontárchēs) was the highest-ranking noncommissioned officer in both the Roman army
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Centurion [sĕn tōōrˊĭ ən] (Gk. hekatontárchēs).† The commander of a “century”—one hundred soldiers—the smallest unit of the Roman army. (In New Testament times there were ten centuries in a cohort and sixty centuries in a legion, making about six thousand soldiers per legion.) The centurions,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
CENTURION A Roman military officer in charge of a hundred soldiers. The Roman centurion was one of the most important soldiers in the entire legion, and most were legionnaires of long service and experience; the modern equivalent would be the sergeant or sergeant major. The legions of Rome would not
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
CENTURION. The captains of the sixty centuries (companies of one hundred men) in the Roman legion. The centurion carried a staff of vinewood as his badge of office. There were various degrees of rank among the centurions according as they belonged to the three divisions of the triarii, principes, and
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Centurion—a Roman officer in command of a hundred men (Mark 15:39, 44, 45). Cornelius, the first Gentile convert, was a centurion (Acts 10:1, 22). Other centurions are mentioned in Matt. 8:5, 8, 13; Luke 7:2, 6; Acts 21:32; 22:25, 26; 23:17, 23; 24:23; 27:1, 6, 11, 31, 43; 28:16. A centurion watched