The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Celsus A second-century Roman philosopher credited with producing the first extensive written attack on the Christian faith.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Celsus (Person)
CELSUS (PERSON). Celsus was a late 2d-century Middle Platonist and vigorous opponent of Christianity. Nothing is known about him except what can be inferred from excerpts from his otherwise lost True Doctrine (TD) which are embedded in Origen’s mid-3d-century work in eight books, entitled Against Celsus
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Celsus (2nd cent.), pagan philosopher. His ‘True Discourse’ (Ἀληθὴς Λόγος) is the oldest literary attack on Christianity of which the details have survived (c. 178). We know of it from *Origen’s reply, ‘Contra Celsum’, in eight books, which dates from the middle of the 3rd cent. and preserves
Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics
Celsus. Celsus was a second-century pagan philosopher. His The True Doctrine (or Discourse) is the oldest known writing attacking the Christian faith (ca. 178). It is known through Origen’s eight-book reply, Contra Celsum, which preserves most of Celsus’ discourse. No other copies are extant.Origen
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Celsus.—An eclectic philosopher, who flourished in the latter part of the second century. He was the first pagan who attempted to oppose the advancing Christian faith with the arms of science. His work entitled, The Word of Truth is replete with vulgar and blasphemous assertions against Christ, His religion,
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
CelsusCelsus was a late-second-century pagan philosopher who attacked Christian belief in the incarnation, the crucifixion, and the miracles of Christ, although he accepted the church’s Logos doctrine and its standards of morality. Origen wrote a counterattack in Against Celsus, which argued that Christian
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
CELSUS (T. Cornelius), one of the thirty tyrants enumerated by Trebellius Pollio. [Comp. Aureolus.] In the twelfth year of Gallienus, a. d. 265, when usurpers were springing up in every quarter of the Roman world, a certain Celsus, who had never risen higher in the service of the state than the rank
A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, Volumes I–IV
Celsus (1)
CELSUS (1). Of the personal history of this, the first great polemical adversary of Christianity, we know nothing with certainty. Nor is this to be wondered at; since Origen, from whom the whole of our knowledge of Celsus is derived, was himself in the same predicament. It appears that the work of Celsus,
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
Celsus (2nd c.)
CELSUS (2nd c.). Eclectic *Platonist philosopher, perhaps of *Egyptian origin, who wrote under *Marcus Aurelius. He lived at *Rome and got to know the contemporary movements of ideas, composing ca. 178 his True Discourse, the first anti-Christian polemical work. The work is lost; we know it only through
Nazarius and Celsus, Martyrs
NAZARIUS and CELSUS, martyrs. *Ambrose of Milan, acc. to his biographer *Paulinus, after the death of *Theodosius (395) rediscovered the bodies of the saints Nazarius (10 May) and Celsus (28 July) and transferred the first to the basilica of the Apostles by the Porta Romana (Vita Ambr. 32–34), which
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
CELSUS sel´suhs [Κέλσος Kelsos]. A Middle Platonist from the late 2nd cent. ce, Celsus composed a systematic, searing critique of Christianity called The True Doctrine (Alēthēs Logos Ἀληθὴς Λόγος). Celsus is known only through ORIGEN’s Contra Celsum, which contains liberal quotations from Celsus’
Who’s Who in Christian History
Celsus (second century)Pagan philosopher who attacked Christianity in his book The True WordCelsus’s thought is known only through a treatise called Against Celsus (c. 250) by Origen, a third-century Christian scholar. Celsus did not trust Christians because they met secretly and did not support the