A military unit on horseback.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cavalry [Gk. hippikón] (1 Macc. 15:38; 3 Macc. 1:1; Rev. 9:16); AV HORSEMEN. In Rev. 9:16 the emphasis is more on the horses than on their riders. They are typical examples of apocalyptic animal imagery, as befits their function as instruments of divine judgment (cf. also 9:17 and 8:7–11).See also
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
A horseman from the early Assyrian site of Halaf. BMHORSEMAN. One who rides a horse, almost always for military purposes, i.e., a cavalryman. Israel was late among the nations to use horses and most references are to foreign armies. OT references are frequently to chariot drivers since chariotry was
RIDER. Used in the OT almost always of those mounted on horses or in chariots; but mules, camels, and dromedaries are also mentioned. The ass was early used for riding, and the camel for long distances. Horses were generally used in war, or by kings. “Riding on an ass” by a king was an act of humility
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Riding Horseman
riding horsemanI. Common to most Semitic languages, the root rkb, “to mount (upon)”, is more often used in connection with chariot-driving than with riding upon an animal (such as an equid or a camel (W. B. Barrick, The Meaning and Usage of RKB in Biblical Hebrew, JBL 101 [1982] 481–503;; id./H. Ringgren,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Horses, Horsemen
HORSES, HORSEMEN. In antiquity the Hittites cultivated horses. This animal seems to have been introduced from inner Asia. Horses were bred by the fierce Mitanni, who wrote about them in Hittite cuneiform. Even as a cart horse it was apparently unknown in Egypt even in the great Pyramid Age (2800–2400
RIDER (Heb. rōkēb). It would seem natural that horses should have been used for riding as early as for work; and the book of Job clearly indicates such use in the description of the chase of the ostrich, “She laughs at the horse and his rider” (Job 39:18). The horse and chariot were introduced into
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
HorsemanHeb. ba’al parash, “master of a horse.” The “horsemen” mentioned Ex. 14:9 were “mounted men”, i.e., men who rode in chariots. The army of Pharaoh consisted of a chariot and infantry force. We find that at a later period, however, the Egyptians had cavalry (2 Chr. 12:3). (See HORSE.)
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CAVALRY — warriors or soldiers on horseback, assigned to battles that require great mobility. The Bible mentions the cavalry units of Solomon (1 Kin. 9:19, 22; 2 Chr. 8:6, 9), Ben–Hadad the king of Syria (1 Kin. 20:20), and the Chaldeans (Hab. 1:8; horsemen, KJV, NRSV, NIV). Both the Egyptians and the
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CAVALRY Mounted soldiers of an army. Israel faced cavalry and chariots in the exodus (Exod. 14:9, 18, 28) and during the period of the judges (Judg. 4). God would not allow Israel to rely on the wealth and security represented by military horses (Deut. 17:16). David captured horses and chariots from
HORSEMAN Rider on a horse. The plural frequently refers to a cavalry (Exod. 14:9–28; Josh. 24:6; 1 Sam. 8:11). This association of horsemen with armed forces perhaps sparked the use of the four riders of Rev. 6:2–8 as symbols of military conquest, war, economic injustice, and death and Hades.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
cavalry. This English term is used by the NRSV (less frequently by the NIV, which prefers “horsemen”) to render the plural of Hebrew pārāš H7305 (e.g., 1 Ki. 9:19; Ezek. 26:7; in the NT, cf. Acts 23:32–33 NIV and Rev. 9:16 NRSV). See horse. Introduced about 1200 b.c., the cavalry served as a mount
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
RiderAn independent, idealized iconographic type with an ancient pedigree reaching back into early Greek and Near Eastern art. Before the period of late antiquity, the figure of the man on horseback had acquired multiple levels of positive and even religious symbolic meaning. In Greek tradition the