Early Catholicism • Modern Catholicism • Roman Catholic • Roman Catholic Church
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Early Catholicism
Early CatholicismThe term early catholicism (German Frühkatholizismus) has taken on a special nuance in contemporary discussion, chiefly because of its employment in 1950 by Ph. Vielhauer (see DPL, “Early Catholicism”). In general the term “refers to a situation in which primitive apocalyptic expectation
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic ChurchThe ensemble of Christian believers who through their priests and bishops stand under the jurisdiction of, and in communion with, the bishop of Rome. It consists of over 700 million adherents worldwide. It is thus by far the largest ecclesiastical communion in Christendom.The name
A Catholic Dictionary
catholic (“general” or universal). The word occurs in profane authors—e.g. in Polybius—but among Christians it received a special or technical sense, and was applied to the true Church, spread throughout the world, in order to distinguish it from heretical sects. Thus one of the very earliest Christian
Engilsh Catholics
engilsh catholics. A brief sketch of the principal facts bearing on the fortunes of Catholicism in this country, from the accession of Elizabeth, in 1558, to the restoration of the hierarchy, in 1850, will be attempted in the present article.In a previous article (Anglican Church) the passing of the
Ruthenian Catholics
ruthenian catholics. The name is given to Christians who use the Greek liturgy translated into Old Slavonic, but own obedience to the Pope. They are descendants of converts from the Russian Church, who have kept their old rites and discipline.The metropolitan see of Kiev and its suffragan dioceses were
Scottish Catholics
scottish catholics. The Gospel was originally announced in Scotland by three principal teachers, St. Ninian, St. Kentigern, and St. Columba. The first, a Briton, who had been carefully instructed at Rome,2 fixed his see at Whithern in Galloway, and thence evangelised the Southern Picts. His death is
Syrian Catholics
syrian catholics. The name “Syrian Catholic” would naturally apply to all those who use a Syriac liturgy, and to whom Syriac, therefore, is the sacred language. Such are the Chaldeans, or converts from Nestorianism; the Maronites, originally Monothelites; and, finally, the converts from the Jacobite
Compton’s Encyclopedia
Catholic Emancipation
Catholic EmancipationDuring the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Roman Catholics in Great Britain and Ireland were emancipated, or freed, from numerous discriminatory practices and legal restrictions by a series of laws passed by the British Parliament. Perhaps the most significant of these laws
Global Dictionary of Theology: A Resource for the Worldwide Church
Catholic Theology and the Global South
CATHOLIC THEOLOGY AND THE GLOBAL SOUTHEmergent theological thought in the Global South has continued to exert great influence both within the Global South itself and in the nations of the Northern Hemisphere, the ancient home of Christian theology. These emergent theological tendencies in the young
Dictionary of Theological Terms
Roman Catholic Theology
Roman Catholic TheologyThe theological system of the Roman Catholic church, as set forth in her official creedal documents. Of these the Decrees of the Council of Trent and the Documents of the Second Vatican Council are the most influential.Rome’s theology revolves around her view of the magisterial
Dictionary of Luther and the Lutheran Traditions
CatholicismWith 1.25 billion members, the Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian denomination in the world. Roman Catholics consider the bishop of Rome to be the leader of the universal church and claim that their church is the true universal (i.e., catholic, from the Greek katholikos) church
The Jonathan Edwards Encyclopedia
Anti-CatholicismGrowing up in early-eighteenth-century New England, Jonathan Edwards was weaned on the tradition of Protestant anti-Catholicism that continued to be reinforced by repeated wars against Roman Catholic France. Works such as John Foxe’s Acts and Monuments were standard reading in Puritan
New Dictionary of Theology: Historical and Systematic
Modernism (Catholic)
MODERNISM (CATHOLIC)Roman Catholic modernism is the term applied to a loose-knit movement at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries in which scholars, working in a number of different fields, tried to bridge the gap between Christianity as traditionally understood by the
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Topics & Themes