Cataracts • Waterfall • Waterspout • Waterspouts
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cataract [Heb. ṣinnôr; Gk. katarráktēs] (Ps. 42:7 [MT]); AV WATERSPOUT. The precise meaning of the word is uncertain; it may have alluded to some familiar Palestinian waterfall connected with the Jordan. In 2 S. 5:8 (AV “gutter”; RSV “water shaft”; NEB “grappling-iron”) the same term may have referred
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
WATERSPOUT. Heb. ṣinnōr in Ps 42:7 refers to descent of water over a steep surface, a “waterfall” (NASB) or “cataract” (RSV, NEB). The Heb. word also occurs in 2 Sam 5:8 as the “gutter” (KJV), “water shaft” (RSV), or “water tunnel” (NASB) leading to the spring Gihon in Jerusalem. In Ps 148:7 the NEB
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
WATERFALL (Heb. ṣinnôr, “hollow”). This was a cataract, waterspout (Ps. 42:7), rendered in 2 Sam. 5:8, “water tunnel.”
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Waterspouts(Ps. 42:7; marg. R.V., “cataracts”). If we regard this psalm as descriptive of David’s feelings when banished from Jerusalem by the revolt of Absalom, this word may denote “waterfalls,” inasmuch as Mahanaim, where he abode, was near the Jabbok, and the region abounded with rapids and falls.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
WATERSPOUTS — KJV word for a descent of water over a steep surface (Ps. 42:7; waterfalls, NASB, NIV, NKJV; cataracts, REB, NRSV). The psalmist, apparently an exile from the Temple (vv. 2–3), compares the roaring waters of snowcapped Mount Hermon with the anguish of his own soul.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
WATERFALL<wo’-ter-fol> (צִנּוֹר[tsinnor]; only in the American Standard Revised Version (Ps 42:7)):“Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterfalls;
All thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.”
The King James Version and the English Revised Version have “waterspouts,” the English Revised
WATERSPOUT<wo’-ter-spout>:1. (צִנּוֹר[tsinnor]) (Ps 42:7), the American Standard Revised Version “waterfalls,” the King James Version and the English Revised Version “waterspouts,” the English Revised Version margin “cataracts.”2. (תַּנִּין[tannin]) (Ps 148:7), the American Standard
Compton’s Encyclopedia
waterfallWhen a stream or river flows over a precipice and plunges downward, it forms a waterfall. A typical waterfall is the kind in which a stream or river leaps over the edge of the precipice and falls freely through the air until it hits the lower level of the streambed. The term for a giant waterfall
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
WATERFALL, wô′tēr-fôl (צִנּוֹר‎, çinnōr; only in ARV [Ps 42:7]):“Deep calleth unto deep at thenoise of thy waterfalls;All thy waves and thy billowsare gone over me.”AV and ERV have “waterspouts,” ERVm “cataracts.” The etymology of the word is uncertain. It occurs also in 2 S 5:8, trd “watercourse,”
WATERSPOUT, wô′tẽr-spout: (1) צִנּוֹר‎, çinnōr (Ps 42:7), ARV “waterfalls,” AV and ERV “waterspouts,” ERVm “cataracts.” (2) תַּנִּין‎, tannīn (Ps 148:7), ARV “sea-monsters,” AV and ERV “dragons,” ERVm “sea-monsters” or “waterspouts.”“Praise Jeh from the earth.Ye sea-monsters, and all deeps.”See Dragon;
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
CATARACT [צִנּוֹרtsinnor; καταρράκτης katarraktēs]. The translation “cataracts” (Ps 42:7 [Heb. 42:8], NRSV) follows the LXX, but the Hebrew word likely means a windpipe or watershaft (see 2 Sam 5:8 NRSV) of some kind, with which Yahweh strikes the oceans, following the Ugaritic tsnr, which denotes
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Topics & Themes