The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Carnal [Gk. sárkinos, var sarkikós] (Rom. 7:14); NEB UNSPIRITUAL. See Flesh.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CARNAL. This word occurs only in the NT, although “carnally” is found three times in the OT (KJV). “Carnal” appears in the NT 11 times, “carnally” once. “Carnal” means “pertaining to the flesh.” The noun sarx basically means the flesh of an animal or person, or the meat of an animal. However, in the
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
CarnalUnconverted men are so called (1 Cor. 3:3). They are represented as of a “carnal mind, which is enmity against God” (Rom. 8:6, 7). Enjoyments that minister to the wants and desires of man’s animal nature are so called (Rom. 15:27; 1 Cor. 9:11). The ceremonial of the Mosaic law is spoken of as
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CARNAL — sensual, worldly, nonspiritual; relating to or given to the crude desires and appetites of the Flesh or body. The apostle Paul contrasts “spiritual people”—that is, those who are under the control of the Holy Spirit—with those who are “carnal”—those under the control of the flesh (1 Cor. 3:1–4;
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CARNAL<kar’-nal>: In the Old Testament there is an expression which indicates sexual intercourse שִׁכְבַת זֶרַע‎ [shikhebhath zerà], “lying of seed,” Leviticus 18:20; 19:20; Numbers 5:13). In the New Testament the words rendered “carnal” are derived from [σάρξ, sarks], “flesh.” This refers
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CARNAL Anything related to the fleshly or worldly appetites and desires rather than to the godly and spiritual desires. Basic human nature is carnal, sold out to sin and thus living in the realm of death, unable to observe God’s spiritual law (Rom. 7:14). People walk either in the flesh or in the Spirit,
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
carnal. Traditional rendering of Greek sarkikos G4920 and sarkinos G4921. It means “fleshly”, that is, in the manner of the flesh (sarx G4922), belonging to the realm of the flesh, and thus opposite of that which is spiritual. The word is used frequently in the KJV and has two main references. (1) Physical:
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
CARNAL, kär′nal: In the OT there is an expression which indicates sexual intercourse (שִׁכְבַת זֶרַע‎, shikhebhath zeraʽ, “lying of seed,” Lev 18:20; 19:20; Nu 5:13). In the NT the words rendered “carnal” are derived from σάρξ, sárks, “flesh.” This refers to the flesh as opposed to the pneúma, “spirit,”