The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Captivity The deportation, exile, and widespread dispersion of the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah following the invasions of Assyria and Babylon, respectively.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Captivity, The
Captivity, The. Period when many inhabitants of the southern kingdom of Judah were exiled in Babylonia after Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest of Jerusalem (6th century bc).See Exile.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Captivity [Heb. usually šeḇî, also šāḇâ (2 Ch. 6:38), šeḇûṯ (Dt. 28:41), šiḇyâ (Jer. 48:46), gālâ (Jgs. 18:30; Jer. 1:3; Ezk. 39:23), gôlâ (2 K. 24:15), gālûṯ (Jer. 52:31)]; NEB also EXILE; [Gk. aichmalōsía] (Rev. 13:10); NEB PRISONER. See also Dispersion; Exile.As a cursory
Captive; Captivity
Captive; Captivity [Heb. šābâ, gālâ, and derivatives; Gk. aichmalōtízō and derivatives]. The frequent references in the OT to taking captives, especially in the sense of deporting or removing peoples to another land, reflect the universal practice of the ancient world. The treatment of captives
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Captivity, the
CAPTIVITY, THE Period when many inhabitants of the southern kingdom of Judah were exiled in Babylonia after Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest of Jerusalem (sixth century bc). See Diaspora of the Jews.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CAPTIVITY. The term “captivity” in the Bible can refer to the captivity of Israel or to that of other nations (Amos 1:5). From very ancient times victorious armies followed the practice of taking from their captives those they desired for slaves and wives (Deut 21:10 ff.). Such removal from their land
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
CAPTIVITY (properly some form of shābâ, to “take captive”; often expressed by other Heb. words). This word may be taken in the strict sense of imprisonment, but in relation to the people of Israel it has come to mean expatriation. Captives and captivity are used in Scripture very much in the sense
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Captivity(1.) Of Israel. The kingdom of the ten tribes was successively invaded by several Assyrian kings. Pul (q.v.) imposed a tribute on Menahem of a thousand talents of silver (2 Kings 15:19, 20; 1 Chr. 5:26) (B.C. 762), and Tiglath-pileser, in the days of Pekah (B.C. 738), carried away the trans-Jordanic
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CAPTIVITY — the state or condition of being in bondage to one’s enemies, especially if this involves deportation to a foreign land. The term “captivity” is commonly used to describe two periods when the nations of Israel (722 b.c.) and Judah (605 b.c. and later) were taken away from their native lands
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CAPTIVITY<kap-tiv’-i-ti> (גּוֹלָה‎ [galah], גָּלוּת‎ [galuth], שְׁבוּת‎ [shebhuth], שִׁבְיָה‎ [shibhyah]; metoikesia):
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Captivity of the Popes
Captivity of the Popes.—We thus characterize the period from 1305 to 1378, when seven Roman Pontiffs took up their residence at Avignon, France; also called the “Captivity of seventy years.” These Popes were Clement V., 1305–1314; John XXII., 1314–1334; Benedict XII., 1334–1342; Clement VI., 1342–1352;
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Cap-tivʹi-ty, that state of bondage to which, as the result of war, an individual or a nation is reduced. In ancient warfare the inhabitants of a conquered country were made captives, and almost always slaves. This was done for the purpose of effectually destroying the power of an enemy and preventing
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CAPTIVITY Term used for Israel’s exile in Babylon between 597 b.c. and 538 b.c. See Exile.
Key passages
Tob 1:2–3

who was taken prisoner in the days of Shalmaneser, the king of Assyria, from Thisbe, which was to the right of Kedesh of Naphtali, in the Galilee above Asher. I, Tobit, was walking in the ways of truth and with righteousness all the days of …

Tob 14:15

Yet before he died, he heard of the destruction of Nineveh, which Nebuchadnezzar and Ahasuerus captured. Before he died, he rejoiced over Nineveh. Amen.

Jdt 5:18

But when they turned away from the way that was established for them, they were utterly defeated in numerous battles, and they were taken as prisoner to a land not their own. Even the temple of their God was razed to the ground, and their cities were conquered by their enemies.

Gk Es 11:2–4

In the second year of the reign of Ahasuerus the Great, on the first of Sivan, Mordecai the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, saw a dream. He was a Judean man living in the city of Susa, a great man, serving in the courtyard …