Loading…
Captives
Captive • Hostage • Hostages
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Captive; Captivity
Captive; Captivity [Heb. šābâ, gālâ, and derivatives; Gk. aichmalōtízō and derivatives]. The frequent references in the OT to taking captives, especially in the sense of deporting or removing peoples to another land, reflect the universal practice of the ancient world. The treatment of captives
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Hostage
HOSTAGE. Literally, the Heb. expression means “son of sureties.” It occurs only in 2 Kgs 14:14 and the parallel passage in 2 Chr 25:24.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Captives
CaptivesA term encompassing a range of meanings, including prisoner of war, slave, debtor, suspected criminal, deportee, exile, oppressed, and prisoner in a figurative sense. These categories must be understood in the circumstances of biblical times. The “prisoner” of the modern penal system is not
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Captives
Captives. In ancient times the inhabitants of cities taken in battle were generally taken captive. Although on rare occasions some might be treated well (1 Kgs. 20:39; 2 Kgs. 6:21–22), many were put to death (2 Sam. 8:7; cf. Judg. 8:7). Women and children might also be brutally slain (2 Kgs. 8:12;
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Captive
Captive. A prisoner of war. Such were usually treated with great cruelty by the heathen nations. They were kept for slaves, and often sold; but this was a modification of the ancient cruelty, and a substitute for putting them to death. Although the treatment of captives by the Jews seems sometimes to
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Captive
CAPTIVE. Persons taken prisoner during war. As ancient inscriptions and reliefs show, they were treated with great indignities and cruelty. Those who surrendered were led out with halters, as if for execution (1 Kings 20:32); the victors set their feet upon the necks of captured kings and nobles (Josh.
Hostage
HOSTAGE (Heb. ta˓ărūbâ; “suretyship”). One delivered into the hand of another as security for the performance of a pledge or engagement. In ancient times it was usual for conquered kings or nations to give hostages for the payment of tribute and of continuance in subjection. Thus Jehoash, king of
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Captive
Captiveone taken in war. Captives were often treated with great cruelty and indignity (1 Kings 20:32; Josh. 10:24; Judg. 1:7; 2 Sam. 4:12; Judg. 8:7; 2 Sam. 12:31; 1 Chr. 20:3). When a city was taken by assault, all the men were slain, and the women and children carried away captive and sold as slaves
Hostage
Hostagea person delivered into the hands of another as a security for the performance of some promise, etc. (2 Kings 14:14; 2 Chr. 25:24).
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Captive
CAPTIVE — a person taken and held as a prisoner, especially by an enemy in war (2 Sam. 8:2; 1 Kin. 20:32; 2 Kin. 25:7). The word is used of the Messiah in Psalm 68:18: “You have led captivity captive,” speaking of the freedom Jesus would bring (Eph. 4:8).Scene from a tomb depicting brickmaking in
Hostage
HOSTAGE — a person held as a prisoner to insure good behavior, ransom payments, or certain other concessions from an opposing force. When Jehoash, king of Israel, defeated the nation of Judah, he took hostages back to Samaria to keep Judah from launching a counterattack (2 Kin. 14:14; 2 Chr. 25:24).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CAPTIVE
CAPTIVE<kap’-tiv> (שֶׁבִי‎ [shebhi], גָּלָה‎ [galah]; [μετοικεσία, aichmalotos] and its derivatives): The frequent references in the Old Testament to captives as men forcibly deported (from the Hebrew root שָׁבָה‎ [shabhah]) or inhabiting a land foreign to them (from Hebrew גָּלָה‎ [galah]) reflect
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Hostage
HOSTAGE Person held as security against rebellion or aggression. When King Joash of Israel defeated King Amaziah of Judah, he took hostages (2 Kings 14:14; 2 Chron. 25:24).
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Hostage
hostage. This English term is used to render the Hebrew phrase, bĕnê hattaʿărûbôt (lit., “sons of the pledges,” i.e., captives kept as surety against further political upheavals), which occurs only in the record of the victory of Jehoash of Israel over Amaziah of Judah, when hostages were carried
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Captive
CAPTIVE, kap′tiv (שֶׁבִי‎, shebhī, גָּלָה‎, gālāh; αἰχμάλωτος, aichmálōtos and its derivatives): The frequent references in the OT to captives as men forcibly deported (from the Heb root שָׁבָה‎, shābhāh) or inhabiting a land foreign to them (from Heb גָּלָה‎, gālāh) reflect the universal practice
Key passages
Je 13:17

But if you will not listen to it, my inner self will weep in secret places, because of the presence of your pride. And my eyes will weep bitterly, and they will melt in tears, because the flock of Yahweh has been taken captive.

Je 41:10

Then Ishmael took captive all the rest of the people who were in Mizpah, the daughters of the king and all the people who were left at Mizpah, over whom Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, had appointed Gedaliah the son of Ahikam. And Ishmael the son of Nethaniah took them captive and set …

Je 43:11

And he will come and ravage the land of Egypt, and deliver those who are appointed for the plague, to the plague, and those who are appointed for the captivity, to the captivity, and those who are appointed for the sword, to the sword.

1 Mac 9:53

And they took the sons of the leaders of the region hostage and put them in the citadel in Jerusalem in prison.

1 Mac 14:2–3

And Arsaces, the king of Persia and Media, heard that Demetrius came into his borders, and he sent one of his generals to capture him alive. And he went and attacked the camp of Demetrius and captured him and brought him to Arsaces, and he placed him in prison.

See also
Related