Captain going to Rome
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle (Παῦλος, Paulos). The “apostle to the Gentiles” who spread the message about Jesus Christ throughout the ancient world through his missionary efforts. Several of his letters are included in the New Testament canon.
Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues
Paul the Apostle, Critical Issues Examines scholarly topics related to the Apostle Paul, including:• the extent of the Pauline corpus;• the doctrine of justification by faith;• identification of Paul’s opponents;• Paul’s views regarding women;• the teachings of Paul and Jesus; and• cultural influences
Paul, New Perspective On
Paul, New Perspective On Paul, New Perspective on. A distinct scholarly viewpoint regarding the Apostle Paul’s attitudes toward Judaism, justification, righteousness, law, and salvation.
Rome (Ρώμη, Rōmē). Capital city of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire. Located in west-central Italy on the east bank of the Tiber River. The largest and most influential city in the known world by the time of Jesus’ birth.
Rome, the Republic
Rome, Republic of Denotes either the Roman constitutional system or the time period (traditionally 509–49/27 bc) during which Rome expanded from a small city to an empire.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Paul (Person)
PAUL (PERSON) [Gk Paulos (Παυλος)]. An early Christian apostle who was perhaps the most important and creative figure in the history of the early Church, whose formulations of Christian faith as expressed in his epistles to fledgling churches have become part of the foundation for orthodox Christian
Rome (Place)
ROME (PLACE) [Gk Rhōmaios (Ῥωμαιος), Rhōmē (Ῥωμη)]. ROMANS. The Italian city-state (Lat Roma) which by the 2d century b.c. ruled an empire encompassing the Mediterranean basin and much of its hinterland. References to Rome occur throughout the book of 1 Maccabees and the NT, especially the book
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Paul, The Apostle
Paul, The Apostle. Known as Saul of Tarsus before his conversion to Christianity and the most influential leader in the early days of the Christian church. Through his missionary journeys to Asia Minor and Europe, Paul was the primary instrument in the expansion of the gospel to the Gentiles. Moreover,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Captain [Heb. śar, raḇ, šālîš also rōs‘̌ (Nu. 14:4), peḥâ (2 K. 18:24 par Isa. 36:9), raḇ, ḥōḇēl (Jonah 1:6); Aram raḇ (Dnl. 2:14), šallîṭ (2:15); Gk. stratēgós, chilíarchos, kybernḗtēs (Acts 27:11)]; AV also LORD, PRINCE, “ruler over hundreds,” SHIPMASTER; NEB also COMMANDER,
III. Assessment
III. AssessmentSaul’s life and character are treated in summary fashion by the Chronicler (1 Ch. 10:13f): “So Saul died for his unfaithfulness; he was unfaithful to the Lord in that he did not keep the command of the Lord, and also consulted a medium, seeking guidance, and did not seek guidance from
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle [Gk. Paulos]; in Acts before his conversion and for some time afterward, SAUL [Gk. Saulos, Saoul]. I. SourcesA. Acts of the ApostlesB. Pauline Epistles1. Paul As a Letter Writer2. Dating the EpistlesC. Acts and the Epistles Compared1. In Reference to Paul Himself2. In Reference
Rome The city-state in Italy that became an empire ruling much of the western world at the time of the beginnings of Christianity. I. HistoryA. BeginningsB. RepublicC. Empire II. First-Century RomeA. Socio-Economic Aspects1. The Rich2. The Poor3. Economy4. Slavery5. Jews6. ChristiansB.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Paul, the Apostle
PAUL, THE APOSTLE Prominent leader of the first-century church; apostle to the Gentiles; author of 13 NT epistles.PreviewFamily and Cultural BackgroundEducationSaul the PersecutorConversion and CallingPreparation for MinistrySent Out from AntiochTraveling with BarnabasThe Council of
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
captain, the translation of several different Hebrew and Greek words, which itself reveals little more than that the person to which it refers possessed some degree of authority; people referred to as captains in the Bible include those who are in groups ranging in size from tens to thousands and those
Paulpaul the apostle was the most effective missionary of early Christianity and the most prominent of the church’s early theologians. Almost half of the books of the nt are attributed to him. Whatever else is said about Paul, he does not appear to have been “typical.” He was not “a typical Jew,” “a
Rome (rohm), the capital and by far the largest city of the Roman Empire.The Early City: Several hills of Rome were settled as early as the tenth and ninth centuries bce. In these pre-Etruscan times, Latins lived on the Palatine and Sabines on the Quirinal hill. The depressions between the hills were
Saul (sawl).1 A Benjaminite from the mountain village of Gibeah who became Israel’s first king. According to biblical tradition Saul was divinely appointed in response to a popular demand for a king, but he was not long in favor with God, who rejected him for disobedience. He spent much of his reign
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CAPTAIN. This term occurs some 214 times in the canonical Scriptures (KJV), of which 182 occurrences are in the OT. The word is the KJV translation of 14 different Heb. and four Gr. terms. It means an officer or leader either civilian or military.1. By far the most frequent term in the OT is śar where
PAULBackgroundModern studies of Paul once again are emphasizing the fact of his Jewishness. Of the various strands within his cultural milieu, this seems basic. Writers such as W. D. Davies, Paul and Rabbinic Judaism (1948); J. Munck, Paul and the Salvation of Mankind (1959); H. J. Schoeps, Paul: The
Rome, Roman Empire
ROME, ROMAN EMPIRE. Rome and her empire have meant many things to many people. To Constantine it meant a restoration of greatness and a creation of a new Rome on the Bosporus. To Charlemagne it meant establishment of a Holy Roman Empire in the image of the first Rome. To Innocent III, other popes and
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
CAPTAIN. The nearest Hebrew equivalent is śar, which can denote a leader of thousands, hundreds or fifties (Ex. 18:25; 1 Sa. 8:12) rô ’š (‘head’) may occasionally be translated ‘captain’ as in Nu. 14:4. In Saul’s reign the Israelite military machine was not yet at the peak of its efficiency, but the
ROME. Founded traditionally in 753 bc on its seven hills (the bluffs formed where the Latin plain falls away into the Tiber bed at the first easy crossing up from the mouth), Rome, as the excavations have shown, was in origin a meeting-place and a melting-pot, rather than the home of a pre-existing people.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CaptainUsually a person of military rank (Heb. kār). The title is further qualified by the officer’s specific responsibilities (e.g., Gen. 37:36; 2 Kgs. 1:9; 1 Sam. 22:7; Exod. 18:21). Heb. kar ṣĕḇāʾ, lit., “captain of the host” (2 Kgs. 5:1), is usually translated “commander in chief.”In the NT
Paul (Gk. Paúlos)Except for Jesus, no one influenced the development of early Christianity more than Paul. He was the foremost apologist for the gentile mission, and the most eloquent defender of the centrality of Jewish traditions, Scriptures, deity, and morality for his predominantly gentile churches.
Rome (Lat. Roma; Gk. Rĥmē)A designation both for the ancient city on the Tiber River, located 16 km. (10 mi.) inland from the port of Ostia, as well as for the expansive empire which began to grow during the Republic and continued to increase in size until it reached its greatest extent in the early
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Captain. †English rendering of the titles of various types of military leaders, including the “captain of the guard” (Heb. śar; Gen. 40:3–4), “captains of chariots” (1 Kgs. 22:31ff.), and leaders of military units including fifties, hundreds, and thousands (e.g., Num. 31:48; 2 Kgs. 1:9ff.). At times
Paul [pôl] (Gk. Paulos).† A leading persecutor of Christians who became the Christian apostle to the Gentiles, known through his letters and the Acts of the Apostles.
Rome (Gk. Rhōmē; Lat. Roma).† The empire that had its capital at Rome was of inestimable significance in shaping the world of the New Testament, not only because of its political and economic consolidation of the entire Mediterranean region, but also because of the sharing of cultures across
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
RomeIn NT times Rome was the chief city in Italy and the capital of the Roman Empire. Because of its prestige and importance its name is used both for the city itself and for Roman civilization as a whole. This article deals with Rome in its broadest sense and its impact on the Gospels.*1. Historical
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Chronology of Paul
Chronology of paulPauline chronology is concerned to establish the sequence and (where possible) the dates of events in Paul’s life. It is an area which has attracted much complex theorizing: this article will attempt simply to set out the parameters of the problem as clearly as possible.1. Sources
James and paulSince the Reformation James and Paul have often been viewed as having contradictory theologies, one focusing on works (see Works of the Law) and the other on grace. An examination of the critical texts shows, however, that in reality the two men used similar terms differently in separate
Jew, Paul the
Jew, paul theIn recent years a significant change has taken place in Pauline scholarship. During the first half of the twentieth century the dominant “history of religions” school emphasized a Hellenistic approach to Paul: Paul was understood to be a Hellenized Jew of the Diaspora. For example, R. Bultmann
Old Testament in Paul
Old testament in paulAlthough many Jews in the first century saw the Christian gospel as antithetical to their faith, Paul regarded his message as the fulfillment of God’s promises to Israel. His letters are therefore filled with OT references used to clarify and defend the gospel. This feature, unquestionably,