Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An overview of the books that are present in early biblical codices—majuscule codices—but are not included in most modern Bibles and why. Surveys books in ancient Bibles that are not present in most modern Christian canons.
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Canon, Books in Codices
Canon, Books in Codices An overview of the books that are present in early biblical codices—majuscule codices—but are not included in most modern Bibles and why. Surveys books in ancient Bibles that are not present in most modern Christian canons.
Canon, Timeline of Formation of
Canon, Timeline of Formation of An overview of the major events, canon lists, people, and bound books that resulted in definitions of which books are canonical and authoritative for the church and which are not.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
CANON. The word “canon” comes from the Gk kanōn, “measuring stick.” By extension it came to mean “rule” or “standard,” a tool used for determining proper measurement. Consequently, the word has come to be used with reference to the corpus of scriptural writings that is considered authoritative and standard
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
canon (Gk., “rule” or “standard”), religious writings that are to be regarded as authoritative scripture. Both Jews and Christians have had to consider which books belong to their canon of scripture.The Jewish Canon: Among Jews, the oldest canon appears to have been the one defining the Torah (the first
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Canon. The term “canon” (Gk. kanṓn “law, regulation, rule of conduct,” a transliteration of Heb. qāneh “reed”) refers to the whole of the Scriptures as the authoritative Word of God. Their authority rests on their “God-breathed” (Gk. theópneustos; cf. 2 Tim. 3:16) nature and can be accepted
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
CanonIn a Christian context the canon is the list of those writings which are acknowledged by the church* as documents of the divine revelation. More generally the word has come to mean the list of writings comprised in the sacred scriptures of any religious body. The Greek word kanōn (“rule”) was
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
CanonAny discussion about the canonicity of Paul’s letters takes place between two certainties: One is that the apostle Paul wrote letters to a number of individuals and churches; the other is that by a.d. 397 the church had canonized (i.e., accepted as authoritative and normative) fourteen letters
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
CanonWhen speaking of canon in reference to the NT literature, the focus is specifically on that limited collection of Christian writings that was recognized by the church to be inspired by God and consequently to have divine authority in the church’s life and ministry. As such these writings were also
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
canon. The Greek word κανών meant a straight rod or bar. Metaphorically the term came to be used of the rules of an art or a trade or to signify a list or catalogue. In Christian language it was adopted to denote the list of inspired books which the Church regarded as composing Holy Scripture (see canon
canon (ecclesiastical title). Though first applied to all clergy on the official staff of a diocese (excluding monks, private chaplains, etc.), the word was gradually limited to those secular clergy belonging to a cathedral or collegiate church. They had a share in the revenues of the Church and were
canon (hymnological). In the E. Church, the series of nine ‘odes’ or canticles, often acrostics, used chiefly at *Orthros. In practice there are normally only eight odes, the second being omitted except in Lent. The canon originates from the practice of singing the nine biblical *canticles during the
Canon of the Mass
Canon of the Mass (from Gk. κανών, ‘measuring rod’, ‘rule’, because fixed and unchanging), the ancient consecratory prayer in the Roman Mass. A prayer of this kind is found in all the Eucharistic liturgies, Gk. and Lat. It always (with the possible exception of the Liturgy of *Addai and Mari) contains
Canons, the
Canons, the. In the C of E the principal body of canonical legislation since the Reformation was long the Book of Canons, a collection of 141 canons passed under the influence of Abp. R. *Bancroft by the *Convocation of *Canterbury in 1604 and of *York in 1606. The individual canons were based on
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
CanonThis word is derived from a Hebrew and Greek word denoting a reed or cane. Hence it means something straight, or something to keep straight; and hence also a rule, or something ruled or measured. It came to be applied to the Scriptures, to denote that they contained the authoritative rule of faith
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Canoncanon, English term derived from a Greek word meaning ‘rule’ or ‘standard.’ Among the meanings it acquired early in Christian history was ‘list of religious writings deemed authoritative.’ When such lists first originated, they had the function of helping believers distinguish among the great
A Catholic Dictionary
canon (member of a chapter). The clergy of every large church in ancient times were termed canonici, as being entered on the list (for this is one of the meanings of κανών) of ecclesiastics serving the church. A more definite meaning was attached to the word in consequence of the labours of Chrodegang,
Compton’s Encyclopedia
canonA canon is a musical form and compositional technique based on the principle of strict imitation, in which an initial melody is imitated at a specified time interval by one or more parts, either at the unison (the same pitch) or at some other pitch. The imitation may have the same note values,
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