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Candace
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Dynastic title of the Ethiopian queen mentioned in Acts 8:27. In Acts 8:26–39, a eunuch employed as a treasurer by the Candace was converted under the ministry of Philip the Evangelist.“Candace” was a title much like “Pharaoh” was for the king of Egypt. Pliny the Elder states that this name “passed from queen to queen for many years” (Natural History 6.186). Her kingdom was not necessarily in modern-day Ethiopia; the Greek word used in Acts 8:27 could refer broadly to someone from anywhere in Africa, south of Egypt. The Candace mentioned in Acts most likely ruled over a Nubian kingdom with its capital in Meroë, located between the Nile’s fifth and sixth cataracts in what is now Sudan.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Candace
Candace (Κανδάκη, Kandakē). Dynastic title of the Ethiopian queen mentioned in Acts 8:27. In Acts 8:26–39, a eunuch employed as a treasurer by the Candace was converted under the ministry of Philip the Evangelist.“Candace” was a title much like “Pharaoh” was for the king of Egypt. Pliny the Elder states
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Candace (Person)
CANDACE (PERSON) [Gk Kandakē (Κανδακη)]. Title of the person who employed the Ethiopian eunuch converted by Philip (Acts 8:27–39). Candace is not a proper name but a title (like the word “Pharaoh”); in fact, it was one of the first Ethiopic words clearly identified by scholars. It means Queen, though
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Candace
Candace. Title given to ancient Ethiopian queens. Philip, an apostle and leader in the early church, met and baptized “an Ethiopian, a eunuch, a minister of the Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, in charge of all her treasure” on the road from Jerusalem to Gaza (Acts 8:27). That Candace, whose name was
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Candace
Candace kanʹdə-sē, kan-dā-sē [Gk. hē Kandakē] (Acts 8:27); NEB “the Kandake.” The title of the queen-mother of Ethiopia. According to Bion of Soli (Aethiopica 1), the Ethiopians regarded the sun as the father of their kings, and gave the title Candace to the mother. Her treasurer, “a eunuch of
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Candace
CANDACE* Title given to ancient Ethiopian queens. Philip, a leader in the early church, met and baptized an Ethiopian eunuch, who was a minister under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27). That Candace, whose name was probably Amanitere, ruled over Nubia (modern Sudan) from ad 25 to 41.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Candace, The
Candace (kan´duh-see), the, a title borne by a woman who is also called the “queen of the Ethiopians” in Acts 8:27. She is mentioned because Philip baptizes her treasury minister, an Ethiopian eunuch. At this time, “Ethiopian” did not designate a specific country, but was used as a generic term for Africans
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Candace
CANDACE. Queen of ancient Ethiopia or Cush, who is mentioned in Acts 8:27. Her kingdom, which is not to be confused with modern Ethiopia or Abyssinia, was the area known as Meroë in S Nubia or the modern Sudan (see Cush 3 and Ethiopia).The writings of Strabo, Dio Cassius, and Pliny, and the inscriptions
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Candace
CANDACE. The name or, more properly, title of the Ethiopian queen whose minister was converted under the ministry of Philip (Acts 8:27). For the extent of her kingdom, which probably centered in the region of Upper Nubia (Meroë) rather than in modern-day Ethiopia, see *Ethiopia. Women rulers, probably
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Candace
Candace (Gk. kandákē)An Ethiopic title for the queen and queen mother. The Candace mentioned in Acts 8:27 is not identified by a personal name. Philip baptized her treasurer, an Ethiopian eunuch who came to Jerusalem to worship. According to Bion of Soli (Aethiopica 1, ca. 2nd century b.c.e.), the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Candace
Candace [kănˊdə sĭ] (Gk. Kandakē). The queen of Ethiopia (so KJV, NIV at Acts 8:27; RSV “the Candace”), whose eunuch Philip met on the road between Jerusalem and Gaza. Her realm was probably Nubia with the principal cities of Meroe and Napata, not Ethiopia proper. Candace is not a personal
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Candace
Canda´ce, or Can´da-ce (prince of servants), a queen of Ethiopia (Meroö), mentioned Acts 8:27. (a.d. 38.) The name was not a proper name of an individual, but that of a dynasty of Ethiopian queens.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Candace
CAN´DACE (kanʹdā-se). The title of the queen of the Ethiopians whose high treasurer was converted to Christianity under the preaching of Philip the evangelist (Acts 8:27), a.d. 34. Candace was probably a distinctive appellation borne by successive queens, similar to Pharaoh, Ptolemy, etc., which were
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