Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An epithet used for Simon in Matt 10:4 and Mark 3:18. The term likely comes from an Aramaic word meaning “zealous.” Simon is called “Simon the Zealot” in Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cananaean (kay´nuh-nee´uhn; from Aramaic qan’an, “zealous”), epithet of the disciple Simon in Mark 3:18 and Matt. 10:4. In Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13, he is called the Zealot, which might imply association with a faction of Jews opposed to Roman rule or simply indicate that he was notably zealous (e.g.,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ca´naanite, The, the designation of the apostle Simon, otherwise known as “Simon Zelotes.” It occurs in Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18, and is derived from a Chaldee or Syriac word by which the Jewish sect or faction of the “Zealots” was designated—a turbulent and seditious sect, especially conspicuous at the
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Canaanite—a name given to the apostle Simon (Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18). The word here does not, however, mean a descendant of Canaan, but is a translation, or rather almost a transliteration, of the Syriac word Kanenyeh (R.V. rendered “Cananaen”), which designates the Jewish sect of the Zealots. Hence he
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
CANANÆAN.—‘Cananæan’ (RV, following the reading Καναναῖος adopted by Lachmann, Tischendorf, Tregelles, WH, and modern scholars generally) or Canaanite (AV, following the TR reading Κανανίτης) is a description applied by St. Matthew (10:4) and St. Mark (3:18) in their lists of the Twelve to the second
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
CANANAEAN (Cā nȧnʹ ē·ȧn) One of the 12 apostles is identified (Mark 3:18 RSV) as Simon the Cananaean (KJV renders “Simon the Canaanite”). In some other NT references this individual is called Simon the Zealot. Cananaean is probably the Aramaic equivalent of Greek zealot. See Disciple; Apostle; Zealot.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Cananaean kay′nuh-nee′uhn (Καναναῖος G2831; variant form Κανανίτης). Surname given to Simon, one of Jesus’ disciples (NRSV and other versions at Matt. 10:4; Mk. 3:18; NIV, “Simon the Zealot”). This epithet served to distinguish him from Simon Peter. The KJV, following many Greek mss, reads the incorrect