Loading…
Cambyses
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The eldest son and successor of Cyrus as emperor of the Persian Empire; reigned 530–522 bc.The mother of Cambyses was Cassandane, a Persian princess. Cambyses had one brother, Bardiya (or Smerdis), whom he may have put to death secretly after he became king. For two or more years, Cambyses was king of Babylon while his father was emperor.After coming to the throne, Cambyses organized an expedition for the conquest of Egypt, which succeeded in 525 bc. Afterward, Cyrene and Barca (the modern Tripoli) submitted to his rule. Cambyses then attempted to conquer Carthage, but was compelled to give up; his Phoenician allies refused to join in an attack on a country they had colonized. Cambyses’ campaign against Ethiopia was only somewhat better. After some initial successes, he was forced to return to Egypt, where he put down a revolt, executed the Egyptian king, and destroyed many temples.In 522 bc, Cambyses heard of a revolt in Persepolis, the Persian capital. According to the Behistun Inscription, a man named Gaumata the Magian claimed to be Cambyses’ brother, Bardiya, and set himself up as king of Persia. Cambyses started toward Persia to attack the usurper, but he died on the way. His general and cousin, Darius Hystaspes, soon put down the false Bardiya and ruled instead.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cambyses II
Cambyses II (Καμβύσης, Kambysēs). The eldest son and successor of Cyrus as emperor of the Persian Empire; reigned 530–522 bc.The mother of Cambyses was Cassandane, a Persian princess. Cambyses had one brother, Bardiya (or Smerdis), whom he may have put to death secretly after he became king. For two
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cambyses
Cambyses kam-bī̀sēz. The second in the line of Achaemenid kings of Persia, and eldest son of Cyrus II the Great by Cassandane daughter of Pharnaspes, an Achaemenid Persian. Technically he is known as Cambyses II to distinguish him from his paternal grandfather, who was king of Anshan. He is mentioned
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cambyses
Cambyses (Pers. Kanbujia, Kambujet)1. Cambyses I, Persian king of Anshan (ca. 600–559 b.c.e.) and a vassal of Astyages, king of the Median Empire. He married a daughter of Astyages named Mandane, by whom he fathered Cyrus II (“the Great”), founder of the Achaemenid Empire.2. Cambyses II, successor
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CAMBYSES
CAMBYSES<kam-bi’-sez> (Aram., כנבנזי‎ [c-n-b-n-z-y]; Persian, Kambujiya; Assyrian, Kambuzia; Egyptian, Kambythet; Susian, Kanpuziya): The older son of Cyrus, king of Persia. Some have thought that he is the Ahasuerus of Ezra 4:6. This seems to be most improbable, inasmuch as the Hebrew form of Ahasuerus
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
CAMBYSES
CAMBY′SES (Καμβύσης). 1. The father of Cyrus the Great, according to Herodotus and Xenophon, the former of whom tells us (i. 107), that Astyages, being terrified by a dream, refrained from marrying his daughter Mandane to a Mede, and gave her to Cambyses, a Persian of noble blood, but of an unambitious
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Cambyses
Cambyses cam-bi′seez. Cambyses II was the eldest son and successor of Cyrus II the Great, the conqueror of Babylon (Cyrus’s father also bore the name Cambyses). He is mentioned in both the Nabonidus Chronicle and the Cyrus Cylinder as “son of Cyrus” in Babylon shortly after the conquest of the city in
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Cambyses
CAMBYSES, kam-biʹsēz (Aram., כנבנזי‎; Pers, Kambujiya; Assyr, Kambuzia; Egyp, Kambythet; Susian, Kanpuziya): The older son of Cyrus, king of Persia. Some have thought that he is the Ahasuerus of Ezr 4:6. This seems to be most improbable, inasmuch as the Heb form of Ahasuerus is the exact equivalent of
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
CAMBYSES
CAMBYSES kam-bi´seez [Καμβύσης Kambysēs]. The son of CYRUS the Great and the second emperor of the Persian Empire (530–522 bce), Cambyses’ main achievement was the conquest of Egypt, commencing in 525 after several years of preparation. It seems that Cambyses was quite respectful of the Egyptian cults,