Reformed (Calvinist) • Reformed Christianity • Reformed faith • Reformed Protestantism • Reformed tradition
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CALVINISM. This is the name of that system of theological thought which was brought to its most complete expression by the great Swiss reformer John Calvin (1509–64). It is also called Reformed doctrine. Its emphases include predestination and the sovereignty of God. It must not be forgotten that Calvinism
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Calvinism. The theological system of J. *Calvin (found chiefly in his *Institutes), esp. as formulated by T. *Beza. Accepted with varying degrees of modification by most non-Lutheran reformed Churches, it holds certain doctrines characteristic of *Lutheranism, as well as other elements peculiar to itself.
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
CalvinismWhile Calvinism bears the name of John Calvin as the system of theology he set forth during the Reformation, he was by no means the inventor of it, for its roots go back to the Bible and to the interpretations of such early church theologians as Chrysostom and Augustine and to medieval thinkers
Calvinism in America
Calvinism in AmericaOriginating in sixteenth century German and French speaking Switzerland,Calvinism gradually spread to other areas of both eastern and western Europe where strongholds developed in the Netherlands and the British Isles. The Puritans in Holland and England, and the Scotch-Irish, were
Hyper-CalvinismAn exaggerated, rationalist form of the Reformed faith that originated in English nonconformity in the eighteenth century and is still found among Strict and Particular Baptists as well as some Dutch-American Calvinist groups. It emphasizes the absolute sovereignty of God and God’s eternal
The Dictionary of Historical Theology
CalvinismCalvinism is the term generally used to refer to the tradition of Protestant theology which looks to the Reformed, as opposed to the Lutheran, confessional tradition for its doctrinal standards. Calvinism is thus pluriform in terms of its theological roots, since *Calvin never occupied the
AmyraldianismAmyraldianism is a system of Christian doctrine which seeks to understand Christ’s atonement as being universal in its extent and intention, while at the same time holding to a particularist view of its effect. It is associated with the name of Moise Amyraut (1596–1664) and so-called because
A Catholic Dictionary
calvin and calvinism. Calvin was born in 1509 at Noyon in Picardy. His father (Chauvin), who was an episcopal fiscal-procurator, secured good education for his son in the noble family of Montmor. Young Calvin was provided with a benefice, though he never received more than the tonsure, and went to study
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Calvinism. The five chief points of Calvinism are:(1) Predestination, or particular election.(2) Irresistible grace.(3) Original sin, or the total depravity of the natural man, which renders it morally impossible to believe and turn to God of his own free will.(4) Particular redemption.(5) Final
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Calvin and Calvinism.—John Calvin (Chauvin) was born July 10th, 1509, at Noyon, Picardy; died at Geneva, May 27th, 1564. Having received the tonsure, he was early provided with an ecclesiastical living, but he was never admitted to any of the holy orders. He studied philosophy and theology at Paris.
Pocket Dictionary of the Reformed Tradition
Calvinism. As a synonym for the Reformed tradition, this term highlights the influence of John *Calvin and his work in Geneva in shaping the movement. While Calvin did wield considerable influence, Calvinism is a complex tradition shaped in its early stages by many leaders, including Ulrich *Zwingli,
hyper-Calvinism. An extreme form of *Calvinism that, in its various historical manifestations, tends to deny *universal calling and thus denies the need for *evangelism through the free offer of the gospel. This perspective tends to grow out of a rationalist bent, focusing on God’s eternal *decrees while
Dictionary of Theological Terms
CalvinismB. B. Warfield defines Calvinism as theism and evangelicalism come to their own. That is to say, quite simply, that God saves sinners. He does not merely provide the possibility or opportunity for them to be saved. He does not “do His part” and leave man to do his part to accomplish salvation.
Hyper-Calvinism1. A term given to the views of some Calvinists by others, but not accepted by themselves, to describe as extreme their views of the sovereignty of God and of the doctrine of particular redemption,* with the corresponding implications for gospel preaching and evangelism. Hyper Calvinists
Five Points of Controversy
Five Points of ControversyOften mistakenly called “The Five Points of Calvinism.”* In the years before the Synod of Dort,* (1618–1619) there were grave controversies in which a group known as the Dutch Remonstrants* opposed the accepted Calvinistic system of the churches represented at the Council.
Reformed Faith
Reformed Faith, Reformed TheologyPopularly known as Calvinism,* it is the system of doctrine regarded as consistently Biblical by the Reformed churches, and it is most cogently set forth in such symbols* as the Heidelberg Catechism, the Canons of the Synod of Dort, and the Westminster Standards.*Within
Dictionary of Luther and the Lutheran Traditions
Calvinism as a Second Reformation
Calvinism as a Second ReformationThe Reformed faith never had a single individual who dominated the nature of theological and ecclesiastical discussion in the way in which Luther did for Lutherans. Even so, the term “Calvinism” was soon established in the mid- to late sixteenth century as a virtual
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Calvinism. John Calvin, “the systematizer of the Reformation,” was a second-generation Protestant Reformer of the sixteenth century who brought together biblical doctrine systematically as no other Reformer had done. Yet he was not an ivory-tower scholar but a pastor. Although his views have not always
The Jonathan Edwards Encyclopedia
CalvinismJonathan Edwards has traditionally been understood to be a Calvinistic theologian of the highest rank. Nineteenth-century as well as more recent secondary literature has called this understanding into question, arguing that Edwards radically departed from his tradition. Further, Edwards has
See also
Topics & Themes