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Calvary
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Another name for Golgotha (Γολγοθᾶ, Golgotha; τόπος κρανίον, topos kranion; κρανίον, kranion). Literally, “Skull Place,” this was the hill just outside of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified (Matt 27:33; Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17; Heb 13:11–13). The English term “Calvary” is based on the Latin word Calvaria, which is the Vulgate’s Latin translation of Greek κρανίον (kranion) “skull,” which in turn translates the Aramaic word Golgotha.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Calvary
Calvary Another name for Golgotha (Γολγοθᾶ, Golgotha; τόπος κρανίον, topos kranion; κρανίον, kranion). Literally, “Skull Place,” this was the hill just outside of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified (Matt 27:33; Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17; Heb 13:11–13). The English term “Calvary” is based on
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Calvary
Calvary. kjv translation of Golgotha (“the skull”), the place of Jesus’ crucifixion, in Luke 23:33.See Golgotha.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Calvary
CALVARY* In Luke 23:33, kjv translation of Golgotha (“the skull”), the place of Jesus’ crucifixion. See Golgotha.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Calvary
Calvary (kal´vuh-ree), a name for the site of Jesus’s crucifixion derived from a Latin translation (calvaria) of Golgotha, which is Aramaic for “Place of the Skull” (cf. Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; Luke 23:33; John 19:17). The term is not used in the nrsv. See also Golgotha.J.M.B.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Calvary
Gordon’s Calvary. Garden Tomb Assn.CALVARY. The word occurs in only one place in the Bible (Lk 23:33). It comes from the Vulgate, which in all four Gospels (Mt 27:33; Mk 15:22; Lk 23:33; Jn 19:17) translates the Gr. word kranion (“a skull”) by calvaria, the Latin word for skull. Strangely, the KJV
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Calvary
CALVARY. The name occurs once only in the av, in Lk. 23:33, and not at all in most evv. The word comes from the Vulgate, where the Lat. calvaria translates the Gk. kranion; both words translate Aramaic gulgoltâ, the ‘Golgotha’ of Mt. 27:33, meaning ‘skull’. Three possible reasons for such a name have
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Calvary
CalvaryLatin translation of Golgotha (Vulg. calvaria for Gk. kranɩ́on, “skull,” Matt. 27:33 par.).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Calvary
Calvary [kălˊvə rĭ]. Latin translation of Golgotha (Vulg. calvaria for Gk. kraníon “skull,” Matt. 27:33 par.; cf. KJV at Luke 23:33).
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Calvary
Calvary (Lat. Calvaria, Gk. Κρανίον, Heb. ‘Golgotha’, all meaning ‘skull’). The place of Christ’s crucifixion, acc. to all four Gospels. It must have been outside the contemporary walls of *Jerusalem (q.v.), which was enlarged some 14 years afterwards. From the 4th cent. at least, the crucifixion
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Calvary
CAL´VARY (Gk. kranion, a “skull,” but having its English form from the translators’ having literally adopted the Lat. word calvaria, a bare “skull”; the Gk. is the interpretation of the Heb. Golgotha, which see; the word occurs once, in Luke 23:33, KJV.) Calvary refers to the place where Christ was crucified,
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