Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Modern-day Nimrud. Capital of the Assyrian empire under Ashurnasirpal II from the early 9th century bc through the fall of the Assyrian empire at the end of the 7th century bc.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
CALAH (PLACE) [Heb kālaḥ (כָּלַח)]. In Gen 10:11–12 it is narrated that Nimrod, who was “a mighty hunter,” began his kingdom at Babel (Babylonia) and then went into Assyria where he built cities, among them Nineveh and Calah. This is the only specific reference in the Bible to one of the four great
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Calah. One of the ancient capital cities of Assyria built by Nimrod (Gn 10:11, 12). Calah is the ancient name for modern Nimrud, which is located 24 miles south of Nineveh on the east bank of the Tigris River. It was excavated by Henry Layard from 1845 to 1849 and by the British School of Archaeology
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Calah kä̀lə [Heb. kālaḥ; Gk. Chalach, also Chalak, Kalach; Assyr Kalḫu, Kalḫa, Kalḫi, Kalaḫ]. One of the great cities of Nimrod (Gen. 10:11, RSV, NEB), which with Nineveh, Resen between Calah and Nineveh, and Rehoboth-Ir (probably lying more to the north) formed Assyria’s great fourfold capital.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
CALAH One of the ancient capital cities of Assyria built by Nimrod (Gn 10:11–12). Calah is the ancient name for modern Nimrud, which is located 24 miles (38.6 kilometers) south of Nineveh on the east bank of the Tigris River. It was excavated by Henry Layard from 1845 to 1849 and by the British School
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Calah (kay´luh; Akkadian Kalkhu; Arabic Birs Nimrud), a city on the eastern bank of the Tigris River at which significant archaeological excavations have shed light on the Assyrian Empire and Israel’s dealings with Assyria. Calah is located in northern Iraq, about twenty miles south of ancient Nineveh
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ivory panels from Calah showing Egyptian influence. BMCALAH. This Assyrian city, now called Nimrud after its founder Nimrod (Gen 10:11–12), was already ancient when the Assyrian king Ashur-nasir-pal II (884–859 b.c.) chose it for his capital. It lay at the confluence of the Great Zab and Tigris Rivers
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
CALAH. The Assyrian state and provincial capital on the E bank of the River Tigris c. 35 km S of Nineveh (Assyr. Kalhu, mod. Tell Nimrud). Deep soundings show that it was founded by migrants from Sumer (Gn. 10:11–12). Excavations by the British in 1845–8 (Layard), 1948–63 (Mallowan and Oates), Iraqis
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Calah (Heb. kālaḥ; Akk. kalḫu)The capital of the Assyrian Empire during much of the Iron Age; located at modern Nimrûd near the confluence of the Tigris and Zab rivers, ca. 35 km. (22 mi.) S of Nineveh (Tell Kuyunjik). The city was located on the banks of the Tigris. Excavations revealed that the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Calah [kāˊlə] (Heb. kālaḥ; Akk. Kalḫu, possibly from Sum. ka-laḫ “holy gate”).† The capital of Assyria during the Neo-Assyrian period; located at modern Nimrûd near the confluence of the Tigris and the Zab rivers, about 35 km. (22 mi.) south of Nineveh (Tell Kuyunjik).Excavations indicate
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
CALAH A city in the land of Asher. According to Genesis (Genesis 10:11) it was built by Nimrod, who also built Nineveh and the city of Rehoboth. Called Kalhu in Assyrian, the city was already in existence in the time of Hammurabi (second half of 18th century bc). Ashurnasirpal attributes its ‘making’
Smith’s Bible Dictionary