The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cainan, Son of Arpachshad
Cainan, Son of Arpachshad (Καϊνάμ, Kainam). This son of Arpachshad (or Arphaxad) is named in Jesus’ genealogy in Luke (Luke 3:36).
Kenan, Son of Enosh
Kenan, Son of Enosh (Καϊνάμ, Kainam; קֵינָן‎, qeinan). Also rendered “Cainan.” Son of Enosh and great-grandson of Adam; named in the genealogy of Jesus presented in Luke’s Gospel (Gen 5:9–14; 1 Chr 1:2; Luke 3:37).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Cainan (Person)
CAINAN (PERSON) [Gk Kainam (Καιναμ)]. Name of two persons in the NT. The form “Cainan” is a Gk transliteration of the Heb qênān. See KENAN.1. Appears in Luke’s genealogy of Jesus as the son of Enos and the great-grandson of Adam (3:37–38). The name occurs in the MT of Gen 5:9–14 and 1 Chr 1:2.2.
Kenan (Person)
KENAN (PERSON) [Heb qênān (קֵינָן)]. Var. CAINAN. Son of Enosh, when Enosh was 90 years old (Gen 5:9–14). When Kenan was 70 years old, his son Mahalalel was born. Kenan lived a total of 910 years. The similarity of names in the genealogies of Genesis 4 and 5 has led to comparison of Kenan with Cain
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cainan. 1. A son of Arphaxad (Lk 3:36; LXX Gn 10:24; 11:12).2. Adam’s great-grandson, also called Kenan (Gn 5:9–14; 1 Chr 1:2; Lk 3:37).
Kenan. Fourth-generation descendant of Adam (Gn 5:9–14, kjv Cainan; 1 Chr 1:2); alternately called Cainan in Luke’s genealogy of Christ (3:37).See Genealogy of Jesus Christ.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cainan kā̀nən [Gk. Kaïnan].1. Greek form of Kenan (Lk. 3:37); also the AV form in the OT (except 1 Ch. 1:2).2. A son of Arphaxad (Lk. 3:36), omitted in the MT of Gen. 10:24; 11:12.
Kenan kēʹnən [Heb. qēnan; Gk. Kainan]. A son of Enosh the son of Seth (Gen. 5:9f, 12–14 [AV Cainan]; 1 Ch. 1:2).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
CAINAN1. A son of Arphaxad (Lk 3:36; Gn 10:24, LXX; 11:12–13).2. Adam’s great-grandson, also called Kenan (Gn 5:9–14; 1 Chr 1:2; Lk 3:37). See Kenan.
KENAN Fourth-generation descendant of Adam (Gn 5:9–14; 1 Chr 1:2); alternately called Cainan in Luke’s genealogy of Christ (Lk 3:37, rsv). See Genealogy of Jesus Christ.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Kenan (kee´nuhn), an early Israelite ancestor from the days before the flood. He is listed as the son of Enosh (Gen. 5:9; 1 Chron. 1:2) and the father of Mahalalel (Gen. 5:12; 1 Chron. 1:2) and others (Gen. 5:13), and he is said to have lived 910 years (5:14). Some suggest the name is an alternative
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
CAINAN1. Son of Enos and great-grandson of Adam, mentioned in Gen 5:9–14 and Lk 3:37.2. Son of Arphaxad, mentioned in Lk 3:36, which seems to follow Gen 10:24; 11:12–13 of the LXX (and also 1 Chr 1:18 of the Alexandrine text of the LXX).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cainan (Gk. Kaɩ̈nám)1. According to Luke’s genealogy of Jesus, the son of Arphaxad (Luke 3:36; cf. LXX Gen. 10:24; 11:12).2. Another name for Kenan, in Luke’s genealogy (Luke 3:37; cf. Gen. 5:9–14; 1 Chr. 1:2).
Kenan (Heb. qênān)A son of Enosh and father of Mahalalel (Gen. 5:9–14; 1 Chr. 1:2).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Kenan [kēˊnən] (Heb. qênān “acquired, bought” or “metalworker”).† A son of Enosh and father of Ma-halalel (Gen. 5:9–14; KJV “Canaan”).
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
KENAN קינןI. In genealogical lists of the antediluvian heroes, the son of Enosh is called qênān/Kenan (Gen 5:9–14; 1 Chr 1:2; cf. Luke 3:37 Kainam). Etymologically the name can be interpreted as derived from the noun or name qayinCain with a diminutive ending -ān. The name can mean either ‘smith;
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Cain´an (possessor).1. Son of Enos, aged 70 years when he begat Mahalaleel his son. He lived 840 years afterwards, and died aged 910. Gen. 5:9–14.2. Son of Arphaxad, and father of Sala, according to Luke 3:36, 37, and usually called the second Cainan. He is nowhere named in the Hebrew MSS. It seems
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
CAI´NAN (kāʹi-nan). The son of Arphaxad and father of Shelah, according to Luke 3:35–36. He is nowhere named in the Heb. text, nor in any of the versions made from it, such as the Samaritan, Aram., Syr., Vulg., etc. It is believed by many that the name was not originally in the text, even of Luke, but
KE´NAN (kēʹnan). The son of Enos and great-grandson of Adam. He was born when his father was 90 years old. He lived 70 years and became the father of Mahalalel, after which he lived 840 years (Gen. 5:9–14). He is also mentioned in 1 Chron. 1:2.
See also
Arpachshad Father
Shelah Brother
Shem Grandfather
Eber Nephew
Shelah Relative
Aram Uncle
Elam Uncle
Asshur Uncle
Lud Uncle
Uz Cousin
Hul Cousin
Mash Cousin
Gether Cousin
Meshech Uncle
Topics & Themes