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Cain
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Cain, Son of Adam
Cain, Son of Adam (קַיִן‎, qayin). The oldest son of Adam and Eve (Gen 4:1). Best known for murdering his brother, Abel (Gen 4:2).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Cain (Person)
CAIN (PERSON) [Heb qayin (קַיִן)]. Son of Adam and Eve and father of Enoch (Gen 4:1, 17). Cain appears in Genesis 4 as the murderer of his brother Abel and as the progenitor of a line credited with the initiation of various aspects of culture. The name recurs in the oracle of Balaam at Num 24:22 in a
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Cain (Person)
Cain (Person). First son of Adam and Eve, who became a tiller of the soil while his brother, Abel, was a keeper of sheep. Cain’s murder of Abel became proverbial of similarly violent and destructive sins (Jude 11). Each of the two brothers had brought a sacrifice to the Lord (Gn 4:3, 4). According to
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Cain
Cain kān [Heb. qayin]. The firstborn son of Adam and Eve (Gen. 4:1). The expression of gratitude offered by his mother at his birth might imply that the name Cain was associated with a root qānâ, “obtain,” “acquire.” An alternative suggestion regards the name as related to a noun qayin, meaning “worker
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Cain (Person)
CAIN (Person) First son of Adam and Eve, who became a tiller of the soil while his brother, Abel, was a keeper of sheep. Cain’s murder of Abel became proverbial of similarly violent and destructive sins (Jude 1:11). Each of the two brothers had brought a sacrifice to the Lord (Gn 4:3–4). According to
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cain
Cain (kayn; Heb., “metalworker,” although Gen. 4:1 connects it with a verb meaning “to acquire” or “create”).1 Adam and Eve’s first son, a farmer whose offering God rejected. Angered, Cain killed Abel (whose offering had been accepted) and subsequently denied knowledge of his whereabouts. As a punishment,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Cain
CAIN1. The older brother of Abel, Cain is pictured in Genesis as the first child to be born of the first parents, Adam and Eve. The name is explained as meaning “gotten” (from Heb. qānâ, Gen 4:1), but the exact form qayin can also mean “spear” or “smith.” He was a “tiller of the ground” (v. 2).Cain
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Cain
CAIN (Heb. qayin). 1. The eldest son of Adam and Eve (Gn. 4:1), at whose birth Eve said, ‘I have gotten (qānîṯî) a man’ (av). Since this account is unlikely to have been originally couched in Heb., no judgment can be made on the validity of the pun, and nothing can be concluded from apparent etymologies
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Cain
Cain (Heb. qayin) AND ABEL (heḇel)Cain was the eldest son of Adam and Eve (Gen. 4:1), a “tiller of the ground”; Abel, their second son, was a “keeper of sheep” (v. 2).Most readings of the stories of Cain and Abel (Gen. 4:3–5:32) convict Cain of sacrilege and murder (4 Macc. 18:11; 1 John 3:12) and
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Cain
CAIN קיןI. In Gen 4:1 the name of the first son of Adam and Eve, Cain, is related in a popular etymology to the Hebrew verb qnh ‘to acquire’. More probably the name should be related to either the Ugaritic qn ‘reed; shaft’ and Heb qayin ‘javelin’ or to Syrian and Semitic words for ‘smith’; e.g. Syr
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Cain
CAIN First son of Adam and Eve and father of Enoch (Gen 4:1, 17). Cain, the first man born of a woman, appears in Genesis 4:1, when Eve gives birth, declaring, “I have produced a man with the help of the Lord”; a Hebrew wordplay relates the name “Cain” (Qayin) to the verb “to get” (qānāh). Genesis then
See also
Relatives
Adam Father
Eve Mother
Abel Brother
Seth Brother
Enoch Son
Enosh Nephew
Irad Grandson
Roles
Topics & Themes
Related
Nod