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Caiaphas
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Called Joseph Caiaphas by Josephus. The Jewish high priest during the trial and crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Functioned as the high priest from about ad 18 to 36. He is mentioned by name in the books of Matthew, Luke, John, and Acts, and is attested in the writings of Flavius Josephus and possibly on an ossuary recovered in a tomb outside of Jerusalem.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Caiaphas
Caiaphas (Καϊάφας, Kaiaphas). Called Joseph Caiaphas by Josephus. The Jewish high priest during the trial and crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Functioned as the high priest from about ad 18 to 36. He is mentioned by name in the books of Matthew, Luke, John, and Acts, and is attested in the writings of Flavius
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Caiaphas (Person)
CAIAPHAS (PERSON) [Gk Kaiaphas (Καιαφας)]. There is not unanimity but rather a consensus among the Gospels that the high priest at the time of Jesus’ death was named Caiaphas, and that he played an active role in the proceedings. Each of the presentations amounts to a nuanced portrayal of the events
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Caiaphas
Caiaphas. High priest during the life and ministry of Jesus. As official head of the Jewish state Caiaphas presided over the council, or Sanhedrin, its highest court. Next to the Roman governor he was the most powerful man in Judea and was responsible to the Romans for the conduct of the nation. Caiaphas
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Caiaphas
Caiaphas kā̀ə-fəs, kī̀ə-fəs [Gk. Kaïaphas, some MSS also Kaïphas]. The name of Joseph, a son-in-law of Annas (cf. Jn. 18:13), who filled the post of high priest ca a.d. 18–36, and then was deposed by Vitellius (cf. Josephus Ant. xviii.2.2; 4.3). He is mentioned by Luke as holding office at the time
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Caiaphas
CAIAPHAS High priest during the life and ministry of Jesus. As official head of the Jewish state, Caiaphas presided over the council, or Sanhedrin—its highest court. Next to the Roman governor, he was the most powerful man in Judea and was responsible to the Romans for the conduct of the nation. Caiaphas
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Caiaphas
Caiaphas (kay´uh-fuhs), Joseph, son-in-law and eventual successor of Annas as high priest, attaining the position in 18 ce under the Roman governor Valerius Gratus and holding it until he was deposed by Vitellius, Pontius Pilate’s successor, in 36–37 ce. He would, accordingly, appear to have been the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Caiaphas
CAIAPHAS. Joseph Caiaphas was high priest c. a.d. 18–36. He was son-in-law and successor of Annas. Appointed by the Roman procurator Valerius Gratus (Pilate’s immediate predecessor), he was deposed by (Vitellius, “president of Syria” (Jos. Ant. xviii.2.2; 4.3).The earliest mention of him is in Lk 3:2:
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Caiaphas
CAIAPHAS. Joseph Caiaphas was high priest from ad 18 to 36. He was son-in-law to Annas (Jn. 18:13). Caiaphas interrogated Jesus and handed him over to Pilate (Mt. 26:57–68; Jn. 11:49). An ossuary of the Second Temple Period, inscribed ‘Yosef bar Qayafa’, perhaps Caiaphas, has been found in a family tomb
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Caiaphas
Caiaphas (Gk. Kaɩ̈áphas)Most frequently described as the high priest involved in the Jewish trial of Jesus.Luke’s statements are confusing. He uses only the plural form “high priests” in the Passion narrative without providing their names. In contrast, in both places where he names Caiaphas Luke joins
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Caiaphas
Caiaphas [kāˊə fəs] (Kaïaphas). The surname of Joseph, the son-in-law of Annas the deposed high priest (John 18:13). Valerius Gratus, the Roman procurator preceding Pontius Pilate, had appointed him high priest ca. A.D. 18, some eleven years before John the Baptist began his ministry (Luke 3:2).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Caiaphas
CAIAPHAS (Greek Kaïaphas) The high priest at the time of Jesus’s trial and death. The name Caiaphas is the surname of Joseph; Caiaphas was the son-in-law of the powerful Annas. The Roman governor Valerius Gratus appointed him to the post of high priest in a.d. 18. He was deposed by Governor Vitellius
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Caiaphas
Caiaphas. The Jewish *High Priest before whom Christ was tried (Mt. 26:3, etc.), and at whose instigation He was condemned (Jn. 11:49 ff.). He was appointed High Priest c. 18 and deposed in 37. He was son-in-law of *Annas.
See also
Relatives
Annas Father-In-Law
Roles