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Caesar’s Household
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Caesar’s Household
Caesar’s Household Caesar’s entire household, from slaves and servants, to officers and family (Phil 4:22).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Caesar’s Household
CAESAR’S HOUSEHOLD. The extended family of the Roman emperor, including all slaves (servi) and freedmen (liberti) in his service, constituted the household of Caesar.The familia Caesaris was no different than the familia possessed by members of any great Roman clan (gens). From the earliest times the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Caesar’s Household
Caesar’s Household. Term referring to imperial servants, both slave and free, in Rome and in the provinces of the Roman Empire. The apostle Paul closed his letter to the Philippian Christians with greetings from those “of Caesar’s household” (4:22). The imperial household staff numbered in the hundreds,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Caesar’s Household
Caesar’s Household [Gk. Kaisaros oikía] (Phil. 4:22); NEB IMPERIAL ESTABLISHMENT. These words occur in the Epistle Paul wrote from Rome near the end of his first imprisonment there, probably late a.d. 61, to the church in Philippi. They give us most interesting information in regard to the progress
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Caesar’s Household
CAESAR’S HOUSEHOLD* Term referring to imperial servants, both slave and free, in Rome and in the provinces of the Roman Empire. The apostle Paul closed his letter to the Philippian Christians with greetings from those “of Caesar’s household” (4:22, rsv). The imperial household staff numbered in the hundreds,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Emperor’s Household
emperor’s household, a collective designation for the thousands of slaves and freedpersons of the ruling Roman emperor who performed various governmental functions. In Phil. 4:22, Paul refers to members of the emperor’s household in the area where he is in prison. Most scholars think that this would
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Caesar’s Household
CAESAR’S HOUSEHOLD. A Roman aristocrat’s household (Gk. oikia, Lat. familia) was his staff of servants, primarily those held in slavery, but probably also including those manumitted and retaining obligations of clientship as his freedmen. Their duties were extremely specialized, and covered the full
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Caesar’s Household
Caesar’s HouseholdPaul extended greetings from “those of Caesar’s household” (Phil. 4:22). This may indicate that Paul wrote from Rome while awaiting trial before Caesar, and that conversions occurred among Caesar’s family. However, the phrase had several meanings. As early as Augustus, the empire could
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Caesar’s Household
Caesar’s Household (Gk. Kaisaros oikía). A term designating a sizable number of functionaries, both slave and free, of the emperor’s household (rather than the imperial family itself) with whom Paul must have come into contact on several occasions. Those who were Christians sent their greetings to
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Caesar’s Household
Caesar’s household, imperial householdThe expression “Caesar’s household” (kaisaros oikia) appears in a concluding greeting of Paul’s letter to the Philippians (Phil 4:22). The full phrase is “the saints of Caesar’s household” and the apostle mentions that these believers along with other Christians
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Caesar's Household
Caesar’s HouseholdCaesar’s household, a collective designation for the thousands of slaves and freedmen of the ruling Roman emperor who typically performed various lower-level governmental functions. Because even the freedmen retained fixed obligations of service, these individuals formed a stable
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Caesar's Household
CAESAR’S HOUSEHOLD — all the slaves and freemen in the emperor’s palace on the Palatine Hill at Rome. Paul sent his greeting to them at the close of his letter to the Philippians (Phil. 4:22; in the emperor’s service, REB). Some scholars believe the term also referred to the imperial servants who lived
Key passages
Php 4:22

All the saints greet you, and especially those of Caesar’s household.