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Caesar Augustus
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Augustus Caesar, Emperor
Augustus Caesar, Emperor (Αὔγουστος, Augoustos). The first emperor of Rome (r. 31 bcad 14).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Augustus (Emperor)
AUGUSTUS (EMPEROR). When he composed his brief history of Rome in a.d. 30, the Roman senator Velleius Paterculus portrayed Augustus as the last and most successful in a series of grand figures who dominated Rome in the course of the 1st century b.c. A little less than a century later, the great historian
CAESAR. Originally “Caesar” was a cognomen used by some of the members of the Julian family, e.g., by the dictator Gaius Julius Caesar. On his death, his heir and adopted son Octavian (later Augustus) added Caesar’s names to his own; for it was the custom, according to the historian Dio Cassius, “for
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Caesars, The
Caesars, The. Succession of Roman emperors. The name “Caesar,” which has derivatives in the German Kaiser, Dutch Keizer, and Russian Czar, goes back to the family of Julius Caesar (100–44 bc), which his successors took to themselves. Luke’s Gospel mentions Caesar Augustus (Lk 2:1) and Tiberius Caesar
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Caesar sḕzər [Gk. Kaisar]. Originally the surname of the Julian gens (thus, Caius Julius Caesar); afterward a name borne by the Roman emperors. In the NT the name is definitely applied to Augustus (Lk. 2:1, “Caesar Augustus”), to whom it belonged by adoption, and to Tiberius (Lk. 3:1, “Tiberius Caesar”;
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Caesars, the
CAESARS, THE Succession of Roman emperors. The name Caesar, which has derivatives in the German Kaiser, Dutch Keizer, and Russian Czar, goes back to the family name of Julius Caesar (100–44 bc), which his successors took to themselves. Luke’s Gospel mentions Caesar Augustus (Lk 2:1) and Tiberius Caesar
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Augustus (aw-guhs´tuhs; Lat., “august, revered”), a title granted to Octavian (63 bce–14 ce), the grand-nephew and adopted heir of Julius Caesar, by the Roman Senate in 27 bce, when it confirmed his powers to rule (Lat. imperium). He was the Roman ruler when Jesus was born (Luke 2:1). Though Augustus
Caesar (see´zuhr), titular name for the Roman emperor, derived from Gaius Julius Caesar (100–44 bce). Julius Caesar, as he is usually known, was a Roman general who conquered Gaul (58–51 bce) and then dispersed the supporters of his rival Pompey and the Roman Senate to emerge as a virtual dictator (49–45
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Augustus Caesar. HFVAUGUSTUS. The first of the Roman emperors (27 b.c.a.d. 14) and the successor of the noted Julius Caesar. His reign was especially marked by two things: a time of peace (the Pax Augusta) and his great building programs (“I found Rome built of sun-dried bricks; I leave her clothed
CAESAR. The term was the surname of the Julian family, as in the name Caius Julius Caesar. In the NT it is applied to four Roman emperors: (1) Caesar Augustus (Lk 2:1); (2) Tiberius Caesar (Lk 3:1) (3) Claudius Caesar (Acts 11:28; 17:7), where he is called only Caesar; (Acts 18:2, where he is called
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
AUGUSTUS. An additional name adopted by *Caesar Octavianus upon the regularization of his position in 27 bc, and apparently intended to signalize that moral authority in terms of which he defined his primacy in the Roman republic (Res Gestae 34). It passed to his successors as a title of office rather
CAESAR. The name of a branch of the aristocratic family of the Julii which established an ascendancy over the Roman republic in the triumph of Augustus (31 bc) and kept it till Nero’s death (ad 68). This hegemony (as it is nicely called in Lk. 3:1, Gk.; rsv ‘reign’ is too precise a term) was an unsystematic
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Augustus (Gk. Augoústos)Augustus Caesar, the first emperor at Rome. Born 19 September 63 b.c.e., Gaius Octavius was the grandson of Julius Caesar’s sister Julia. For almost a century Rome had endured the chaos of a series of civil conflicts and war between powerful factions of nobles, each vying for
Caesar (Gk. Kaisar)Originally the family name of Julius Caesar, it was assumed upon adoption into the family of Julius by the first three emperors: Augustus, Tiberius, and Caligula. Claudius, a grandson of Augustus, was not adopted into the Julian clan and began a new tradition when he took the name
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Augustus [ə gŭsˊtəs] (Gk. Augoustos “the exalted, the venerable”; from Lat. augur “divine, consecrate” or augere “to increase”). Caesar Augustus; originally named Gaius Octavius, he took on the name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus after his adoption by his great-uncle Julius Caesar. Born in 63 B.C.,
Caesar [sēˊzər] (Gk. Kaisar). The surname of the Julian clan, of which Gaius Julius Caesar (ca. 101–44 B.C.) was the most famous member. Afterward the name was taken by the adopted Gaius Octavius (Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian), usually known as Augustus, and by subsequent Roman emperors.Gradually
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Augustus Caesar
AUGUSTUS CAESAR The first Roman emperor (31 b.c.–a.d. 14) and the ruler of the Roman Empire at the time of Jesus’s birth at Bethlehem (Luke 2:1). Known originally as Octavian, he was the grand-nephew of Julius Caesar and triumphed in a series of civil wars over his rivals to become undisputed ruler of
CAESAR A title used by the Roman emperors. Originally it was the family name of the famed Roman general and dictator Gaius Julius Caesar. After his assassination in 44 b.c., his heir and adopted son Octavian (later Emperor Augustus) took Caesar’s names, according to accepted Roman custom (cf. Dio Cassius,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Caesar. The word, which was virtually a title of the Roman emperors in the 1st–3rd cents. AD, occurs several times in the NT (e.g. Mk. 12:14–17, Jn. 19:12, Acts 25:8–12). To the inhabitants of Palestine and the provinces, the name denoted the Imperial throne rather than the person occupying it. The
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