Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Butter. Curdled milk. Gen. 18:8; Deut. 32:14; Judges 5:25; Job 20:17. Milk is generally offered to travellers in Palestine in a curdled or sour state, lebben, thick, almost like butter. Hasselquist describes the method of making butter employed by the Arab women: “they made butter in a leather bag, hung
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
BUTTER (Heb. ḥem˒â, “grown thick”). Although always rendered butter in the KJV, critics usually agree that the Heb. word means “curdled milk” or curds. Indeed, it is doubtful whether butter is meant in any passage except Prov. 30:33, “the churning of milk produces butter.” The other passages will better
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Butter(Heb. hemah), curdled milk (Gen. 18:8; Judg. 5:25; 2 Sam. 17:29), or butter in the form of the skim of hot milk or cream, called by the Arabs kaimak, a semi-fluid (Job 20:17; 29:6; Deut. 32:14). The words of Prov. 30:33 have been rendered by some “the pressure [not churning] of milk bringeth forth
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BUTTER — a food made by churning milk. Abraham offered butter and milk and freshly cooked veal to his three heavenly guests (Gen. 18:8). Some references to “butter” in the KJV are translated by the NKJV as “curds” (Deut. 32:14) and “cream” (Judg. 5:25). In making butter, milk was taken from a camel,
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
ButterThe image of butter in the Bible is rendered problematic by uncertainty over exactly what milk product is in view in various passages. Butter, curds and cream are all made by churning milk, and translators do not always agree as to which is in view. Recent translations reduce the ten instances
Compton’s Encyclopedia
butterThe yellowish or whitish solid of fat, water, and inorganic salts that is obtained by churning cream or whole milk is called butter. Although most butter is made from cow’s milk, in some countries the milk of other animals is used to make the product. Among these animals are goats, sheep, camels,
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Butʹter. In most instances in which butter is referred to in Scripture, curdled milk of a cheesy consistence is to be understood (Gen. 18:8; Judg. 5:25; Job 20:17). Indeed, it may be doubted whether it denotes butter in any place besides Deut. 32:14 and Prov. 30:33. All the other texts will apply better
Milk, the rendering of two distinct Hebrew words.1. The first of these words (chalab, fat, that is, rich) denotes new or sweet milk. This was very largely used among the Hebrews, and was regarded as substantial food, adapted alike to all ages and classes. Not only the milk of cows, but of sheep (Deut.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
butter. This English term is used by the KJV to render the Hebrew word ḥemʾâ H2772, which refers to curdled milk, comparable to yogurt. Modern versions usually render the Hebrew term with curds (e.g., Deut. 32:14; 2 Sam. 17:29; Isa. 7:15, 22) or “cream” (Job 20:17 and 29:6 NIV), though the word “butter”
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