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Burden
Cumbrance • Encumbrance
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Burden
Burden [Heb. massā’, sēḇel, sōḇel, yehāḇ, ṭōraḥ (Isa. 1:14)]; AV also TROUBLE (ṭōraḥ); NEB also LOAD, HINDRANCE, TARGET (Job 7:20), FORTUNES (Ps. 55:22), LABOUR; [nāśa’] (“bear the burden,” Ex. 18:22); [sāḇal]; NEB HAULIERS, “carrying loads”; [kāḇēḏ] (“lay heavy burdens upon,”
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Burden
burden, a heavy load, but also psychological and spiritual anxiety (Deut. 1:12; Gal. 6:2, 5). In Jer. 23:33–40, Jeremiah accuses other prophets of becoming a burden to the deity, although they claimed to possess the burden of the Lord. In the nt, Jesus accuses the religious leaders of Israel of placing
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Burden
BURDEN1. The Heb. word maśśā˒ literally comes from the root nāśā˒, which means “to lift up” any load carried by beast (Ex 23:5) or man (Num 4:15). Figuratively, as a responsibility of a leader, people may be a burden (Num 11:11); a man may be a burden to himself (Job 7:20); the psalmist speaks
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Burden
BURDEN. A noun used about 80 times to translate several Heb. and Gk. words. 1. Heb. maśśā’, ‘thing lifted up’, and other cognate words from the root nāśā’, ‘he lifted up’. This word occurs most frequently, notably of prophetic utterances. (*Oracle.) 2. Heb. sāḇal, ‘to bear a load’ (in various
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Burden
Burden. While Heb. maśśā˒ can mean “burden” in the literal sense of a heavy load, in the prophetic writings it is better translated “oracle” (e.g., Isa. 13:1; 14:28; 15:1; 17:1; so RSV, JB, NIV; KJV “burden”; cf. nāśā˒ qôl “lift the voice”). However, at Jer. 23:33–40 the translation
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Burden
BURDEN (Heb. maśśā˒, a “lifting up”). This word is often used in the familiar meaning of a load. It also frequently has the meaning of an oracle from God; sometimes as a denunciation of evil (Isa. 13:1; Nah. 1:1; Mal. 1:1), and also merely as a message, whether joyous or afflictive (Zech. 9:1; 12:1).
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Burden
Burden(1.) A load of any kind (Ex. 23:5). (2.) A severe task (Ex. 2:11). (3.) A difficult duty, requiring effort (Ex. 18:22). (4.) A prophecy of a calamitous or disastrous nature (Isa. 13:1; 17:1; Hab. 1:1, etc.).
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Burden
Burdenburden, a heavy load, but also psychological and spiritual anxiety (Deut. 1:12; Gal. 6:2, 5). Certain superscriptions in prophetic books use a term meaning ‘that which is lifted up’ as a technical designation for a weighty proclamation of judgment (Nah. 1:1; Hab. 1:1; Mal. 1:1; Zech. 9:1; cf.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Burden
BURDEN — a heavy load or weight. This weight can be a literal burden (Ex. 23:5) or a figurative burden (Num. 11:11, 17). The prophets frequently spoke of their messages as burdens. A prophetic utterance or oracle usually was ominous and foreboding, a denouncing of evil and a pronouncing of judgment against
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Burden
Burʹden. The word in Hebrew thus rendered means a lifting up; that is, of the voice. It is used in prophecy to indicate the prediction of heavy judgments; thus the burden of Moab (Isa. 15:1), the burden of Damascus (Isa. 17:1), the burden of Egypt (Isa. 19:1).
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
Burden
BURDEN.—Both in Christ’s discourse against the Pharisees (Mt 23:4, Lk 11:46) and in His saying, ‘Come unto me,’ etc. (Mt 11:28, 30), the ‘burden’ (φορτἰον) is that of the legal and Pharisaic ordinances of such a minute and exacting kind that they became intolerable and crushed out real heart-religion.