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Bulwark
Bulwarks
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bulwark
Bulwark The word represents several Hebrew terms. It occurs in the singular as a translation of ‘ōz in Ps. 8:2 (AV “strength”; NEB “mighty”); in the plural for ḥēl in Isa. 26:1 (NEB “ramparts”); ’ošyôṯ in Jer. 50:15 (AV “foundations”; NEB “bastions”), ag̱ammîm in Jer. 51:32 (AV “reeds”; NEB
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Bulwark
BULWARK. Translation of five Heb. words: (1) ḥēl (Isa 26:1) and (2) ḥēlā (Ps 48:13), meaning “strong objects,” ramparts or citadel; (3) māṣôd (Eccl 9:14) and (4) māṣôr (Deut 20:20), meaning a fortress or siegeworks used against a city; (5) pinnâ (2 Chr 26:15), corner tower(s) of a fortification.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Bulwark
BULWARK. Bulwarks in Scripture appear to have been rural towers, answering the purpose of the modern bastion. They were usually erected at certain distances along the walls, generally at the corners, and upon them were placed the military engines. See Fortifications.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Bulwarks
Bulwarksmural towers, bastions, were introduced by king Uzziah (2 Chr. 26:15; Zeph. 1:16; Ps. 48:13; Isa. 26:1). There are five Hebrew words so rendered in the Authorized Version, but the same word is also variously rendered.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Bulwarks
BULWARKS — towers built along city walls from which defenders shot arrows and hurled large stones at the enemy (Ps. 48:13; Is. 26:1).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BULWARK
BULWARK<bool’-wark>: The word represents several Hebrew terms (חֵל‎ [chel], Isaiah 26:1; חֵילָה‎ [chelah], Psalm 48:13; מָצוֹד‎ [matsodh], Ecclesiastes 9:14; מָצוֹר‎ [matsor], Deuteronomy 20:20). In 2 Chronicles 26:15 the word is translated in the Revised Version (British and American) “battlements.”
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Bulwark
BULWARK Solid wall-like structure raised for defense, possibly a system of two walls with space between. God’s salvation is a bulwark for His people (Isa. 26:1; Ps. 8:2; 1 Tim. 3:15).
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Bulwark
bulwark. A defensive wall or embankment. The word is used variously in English Bible versions to render several Hebrew words. For example, the NRSV uses it to translate ḥêl H2658 (God “sets up victory like walls and bulwarks,” Isa. 26:1; NIV, “ramparts”) and ʾošyâ H859 (Babylon’s “bulwarks have fallen,”
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Bulwark
BULWARK, bŏŏlʹwark: The word represents several Heb terms (חֵל‎, ḥēl, Isa 26:1; חֵילָה‎, ḥēlāh, Ps 48:13; מָצוֹד‎, māçōdh, Eccl 9:14; מָצוֹר‎, māçōdh, Dt 20:20). In 2 Ch 26:15 the word is trd in RV “battlements.” See Fortification.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BULWARK
BULWARK [אָשְׁיָהʾoshyah, חֵלkhel, עָזʿoz; ἑδραίωμα hedraiōma, φυλακή phylakē]. The translation of several Hebrew and Greek words related to fortifications (towers, pillars, and foundations), strength, and security.Several Hebrew terms carry significance for this word: ʾoshyah (for the destruction