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Broom Tree
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Broom Tree
Broom Tree (רֹתֶם‎, rothem). A small shrub. Its roots could be eaten or used for charcoal, and it provided shade (1 Kgs 19:4; Job 30:4 Psa 120:4).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Besom
Besom. Old English word meaning “broom” (Is 14:23 kjv). The besom, or broom, of destruction is a Near Eastern metaphor signifying total destruction. It refers to the annihilation or “sweeping away” of Babylon by the Lord.
Broom
Broom. Palestinian shrub or bush which often grows quite large, providing shade (1 Kgs 19:4). kjv translates the Hebrew word as “juniper.”See Plants.
Juniper
Juniper. kjv mistranslation for broom, a desert shrub, in 1 Kings 19:4, 5; Job 30:4; and Psalm 120:4.See Plants.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Broom Tree
Broom Tree [Heb. rōṯem] (1 K. 19:4f; Job 30:4; Ps. 120:4); AV JUNIPER; NEB also BROOM-BUSH (1 K. 19:4), lacking in Psalms (“charcoal”).The references in 1 Kings and Psalms are to the white broom, Retama raetam (Forsk.) Webb. and Berth., known to the Arabs as ratam (cf. Gk. rathmén, 1 K. 19:4). A
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Besom
BESOM* Old English word meaning “broom” (Is 14:23, kjv). The besom, or broom, of destruction is a Near Eastern metaphor signifying total destruction. It refers to the annihilation or “sweeping away” of Babylon by the Lord.
Broom
BROOM Palestinian shrub or bush that often grows quite large, providing shade (1 Kgs 19:4). kjv translates the Hebrew word as “juniper.” See Plants.
Juniper
JUNIPER* kjv mistranslation for “broom,” a desert shrub (1 Kgs 19:4–5; Job 30:4; Ps 120:4). See Plants.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Broom Tree
broom tree, a species of plant generally agreed to be Retama raetam, a shrublike growth usually 4 to 12 feet high, with deep roots suitable for the desert terrain it occupies. It flowers in the spring with small white blooms on twigs with small leaves. A broom tree provided Elijah shade (1 Kings 19:4–5);
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Besom
BESOM. This word occurs only once in Scripture: “I will sweep it with the besom of destruction” (Isa 14:23). This refers to what was in store for Babylon. The Heb. word maṭ˒áte˒, rendered “besom,” is close of kin to the verb ṭē˒ṭē˒tı̂, rendered “I will sweep.” In early English “besom” was synonymous
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Brook Tree
Broom Tree (Heb. rōṯem). A shrub or bush found in great numbers in the desert areas of Syria, Palestine, the Sinai, and Egypt, generally identified as the broom tree (Retama roetam [Forsk.]; KJV “juniper tree”).Though it hardly has any leaves, its many branches provide some shade for the traveler
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Juniper
Juniper, 1 Kings 19:4, 5; Job 30:4; Ps. 120:4, a sort of broom, Genista monosperma, G. rætam of Forskal, answering to the Arabic rethem. It is very abundant in the desert of Sinai, and affords shade and protection, in both heat and storm, to travellers. The rethem is a leguminous plant, and bears a white
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Besom
BESOM (bēʹsom; a “broom”; Isa. 14:23, KJV, “besom of destruction”). To sweep away, as with a broom, is a metaphor still frequent in the East for utter ruin. Jehovah treats Babylon as rubbish and sweeps it away, destruction serving Him as a broom.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Besom
Besomthe rendering of a Hebrew word meaning sweeper, occurs only in Isa. 14:23, of the sweeping away, the utter ruin, of Babylon.
Juniper
Juniper(Heb. rothem, called by the Arabs retem, and known as Spanish broom; ranked under the genus genista. It is a desert shrub, and abounds in many parts of Palestine. In the account of his journey from Akabah to Jerusalem, Dr. Robinson says: “This is the largest and most conspicuous shrub of these
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Besom
BESOM [BEE some] — KJV, REB rendering of “broom” (Is. 14:23). Isaiah predicted that “the besom [broom] of destruction” would sweep Babylon away as so much rubbish before the Lord’s purifying anger.
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