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Brook
Brooks • Stream
Dictionaries
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Brook
brook (Heb. nakhal), the bed of a stream or river (Arabic wadi) generally dry or nearly dry during the summer months, but sporadically or continuously filled with water from the rains during the winter. The land of Canaan had numerous such watercourses (Deut. 8:7; 10:7; cf. Lev. 11:9–10). Well-known
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Brook
BROOK. In the OT “brook” derives its meaning from the following Heb. words: (1) naḥal, which describes a valley with a stream or a river in it (Num 21:12), or the stream alone (Deut 9:21); (2) ˒āphı̂q, which refers to the actual bed of the stream (Joel 1:20, RSV); (3) y˒ôr, which almost always refers
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Brook
BROOK. The word naḥal is used variously of a perennial stream, the flow of water and the dried course of a river-bed. Apart from the Jordan itself, nearly all the perennial streams are left-bank tributaries of the Jordan fed by springs. Such is the Kishon (1 Ki. 18:40), the second largest river by volume,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Brook
BrookA small stream of water. In the seasonal climate of Palestine the stream beds tend to gush with rainfall runoff during the winter rains but dry up during the summer drought (1 Kgs. 17:1–7; Job 6:15–17). Perennial streams such as the Jordan River and its major tributaries are the exception to the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Brook
Brook. A stream of water, generally smaller than a river. The Old Testament usually distinguishes between a brook (Heb. naḥal) and a river (nāhār), although naḥal sometimes designates a river as well (see, e.g., Deut. 2:37; JB “wadi”; NIV “course”; cf. v. 36). Thus the term “brook” represents
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Brook
BROOK (Heb. generally naḥal; Gk. cheimarros, a “torrent”).1. A small stream issuing from a subterranean spring and running through a deep valley, such as the Arnon, Jabbok, Kidron, etc.2. Winter streams arising from rains, but drying up in the summer (Job 6:15, marg.).3. The torrent bed, even though
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Brook
Brooka torrent. (1.) Applied to small streams, as the Arnon, Jabbok, etc. Isaiah (15:7) speaks of the “brook of the willows,” probably the Wady-el-Asha. (2.) It is also applied to winter torrents (Job 6:15; Num. 34:5; Josh. 15:4, 47), and to the torrent-bed or wady as well as to the torrent itself (Num.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Brook
Brookbrook (Heb. nahal), the bed of a stream or river (Arabic, wadi) generally dry or nearly dry during the summer months but sporadically or continuously filled with water from the rains during the winter. The land of Canaan had numerous such watercourses (Deut. 8:7; 10:7; cf. Lev. 11:9–10). They
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Brook
BROOK — a small stream, running through a valley, such as the Arnon (Num. 21:13), Jabbok (Num. 21:24), and Kidron (2 Sam. 15:23). The word “brook” can also refer to the bed of such a stream, called a wadi in Arabic—a stream that is usually dry except during the rainy season.Photo by Willem A. VanGemeren
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Brook
BrookEnglish-speaking readers unfamiliar with the rugged terrain and arid climate of Palestine are likely to miss the significance of brook imagery in the Scriptures. The two principal Hebrew words for brook (naẖal, used 140 times, and ’āp̄îq used 15 times) have been variously translated “brook,”
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