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Bronze
Steel
Dictionaries
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Bronze
Bronze. Durable alloy of copper and tin widely used for ornaments, weapons, coins, and other purposes in ancient times.See Minerals, Metals, and Precious Stones.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bronze
Bronze [Heb. neḥōšeṯ]; AV BRASS, STEEL, COPPER; [ḥašmal]; AV AMBER; NEB BRASS; [ḥašmannîm] (Ps. 68:31); AV PRINCESS; NEB TRIBUTE; [Gk. chalkíōn (Mk. 7:4), chalkolíbanon (Rev. 1:15; 2:18), chalkós (9:20; 18:12)]; AV BRASS; NEB also COPPER, BRASS. The Heb. neḥōšeṯ is usually translated
Steel
Steel The AV term for Heb. neḥûšâ (2 S. 22:35; Job 20:24; Ps. 18:34 [MT 35]), and neḥōšeṯ (Jer. 15:12). See Bronze.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Bronze
BRONZE Durable alloy of copper and tin widely used for ornaments, weapons, coins, and other purposes in ancient times. See Minerals and Metals.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Bronze
bronze, an alloy of copper and tin. The Middle Bronze Age (2000–1500 bce) saw the replacement of copper by bronze in the production of metal weapons, tools, jewelry, and vessels, since bronze was harder than copper, which had been used earlier. Because of its qualities, bronze was used not only for weapons
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bronze
BronzeA yellowish-brown metal alloy composed primarily of copper. Metallurgists use the term to designate copper/tin alloys of less than 11 percent tin. In ancient texts and among contemporary scholars “bronze” includes items made of copper and alloys with arsenic, antimony, lead, or silver and not
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bronze
Bronze. †An alloy of copper and tin Heb. neḥōšeṯ (KJV usually “brass”) is used to designate bronze and copper as well as alloys of copper and lead, antimony, and other metals. (True brass, an alloy of copper and zinc, was not introduced in Palestine until quite late; cf. Heb. ḥašmal,
Steel
Steel. The KJV rendering of Heb. neḥûšâ at 2 Sam. 22:35; Job 20:24; Ps. 18:34 (MT 35) and neḥōšeṯ Jer. 15:12, both properly translated “copper” or “bronze.” See Bronze.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Bronze
BRONZE An alloy of copper and tin. Bronze was commonly used in the manufacture of vessels, musical instruments, and weapons (Exod 26:11, 37; 27:2–19; 38:2–20, 31; Lev 6:28; Josh 6:19; 1 Sam 17:5; 1 Kgs 7:14–47; 1 Chr 15:19; 2 Chr 4:1–18). When used figuratively, “bronze” could signify strength or courage
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Steel
Steel. In all cases where the word “steel” occurs in the Authorized Version the true rendering of the Hebrew is “copper.” Whether the ancient Hebrews were acquainted with steel is not perfectly certain. It has been inferred from a passage in Jeremiah 15:12, that the “iron from the north” there spoken
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Steel
SteelThe “bow of steel” in (A.V.) 2 Sam. 22:35; Job 20:24; Ps. 18:34 is in the Revised Version “bow of brass” (Heb. kesheth-nehushah). In Jer. 15:12 the same word is used, and is also rendered in the Revised Version “brass.” But more correctly it is copper (q.v.), as brass in the ordinary sense of the
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Bronze
Bronzebronze, an alloy of copper and tin. The Middle Bronze Age (2000-1500 b.c.) saw the replacement of copper by bronze in the production of metal weapons, tools, jewelry, and vessels, since bronze was harder than the copper that had been used earlier. Because of its qualities, bronze was used not
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Bronze
BronzeThe patriarchal period of ancient Israel occurs in what modern historians have called the Bronze Age, and the time of the settlement of Canaan marks the change from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age. Bronze, a combination of copper and lead, was one of the earliest alloys to be widely used during
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
STEEL
STEEL<stel>: the Revised Version (British and American) substitutes “brass” for “steel” in 2 Sam 22:35; Job 20:24; Ps 18:34; Jer 15:12, and “steel” for “torches” in Nah 2:3.See BRASS.
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Topics & Themes