Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An mineral substance found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. Used to express the idea of excruciating torment, punishment and destruction (Gen 19:24–25; Isa 30:33; Ezek 38:22; Rev 14:10; 20:10).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Brimstone. Old name for the nonmetallic element sulfur, literally “the stone that burns.” Sulfur ignites at a relatively low temperature and burns to produce acrid fumes of sulfur dioxide. Sulfur occurs naturally in volcanic regions such as the valley of the Dead Sea. “Fire and brimstone” are strongly
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Brimstone [Heb. gop̱rîṯ; Akk. kuprîtu; Gk. tó theíon]; NEB also SULPHUR, SULPHUROUS. The combustible sulphur, known to most ancient Near Easter peoples from mineral deposits (cf. Dt. 29:23). That the inhabitants of the land had experienced the terrors of burning sulphur is very probable. Once one
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
BRIMSTONE* Old name for the nonmetallic element sulfur, literally “the stone that burns.” Sulfur ignites at a relatively low temperature and burns to produce acrid fumes of sulfur dioxide. Sulfur occurs naturally in volcanic regions such as the valley of the Dead Sea. “Fire and brimstone” are strongly
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
sulfur, a greenish-yellow nonmetallic substance that is highly flammable. It is used in the modern manufacturing of matches and gunpowder. Sulfur is associated with divine punishment, such as when God rained sulfur and fire from the heavens upon Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen. 19:24; cf. Deut. 29:23; Luke 17:29).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
BRIMSTONE (Heb. gop̱rîṯ, Gk. theion, ‘sulphur’), a yellow crystalline solid, with medicinal and fumigating properties, which occurs in the natural state in regions of volcanic activity such as the valley of the Dead Sea (cf. Gn. 19:24). The element burns readily in air, and is consequently associated
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
BrimstoneProbably burning sulphur (cf. Lat. ignis et sulphur for Gk. púr kaɩ́ theɩ́on). Except for Job 18:15, all biblical references to brimstone are coupled with fire. Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed by fire and brimstone (Gen. 19:24). The Psalmist uses fire and brimstone as a metaphor for God’s
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Brimstone (Heb. gop̱rîṯ; Gk. theíon). Sulfur, a well-known Palestinian mineral, particularly abundant near the Dead Sea. Accordingly, the terrors of burning sulfur were a vivid image for the peoples of biblical times. Brimstone figured in the divine destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen. 19:24;
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
SULPHUR A chemical substance known to the ancient world as an inflammable material and mentioned in the Bible in descriptions of destruction. Thus ‘the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire’ (Gen. 19:24; cf. also Isa. 30:33; Ezek. 38:22, etc.); and a land of brimstone and salt is
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Brimstone. Brimstone, or sulphur, is found in considerable quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. Gen. 19:24. It is a well-known simple mineral substance, crystalline, easily melted, very inflammable, and when burning, emits a peculiar suffocating odor. It is found in great abundance near volcanoes.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
BRIMSTONE (Heb. goprı̂t, properly “resin”; Gk. theion, “flashing”). The Heb. word is connected with gopher (Heb. gōper) and probably meant the gum of that tree. It was thence transferred to all inflammable substances, especially sulfur. The cities of the plain were destroyed by a storm of fire and brimstone
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Brimstone—an inflammable mineral substance found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. The cities of the plain were destroyed by a rain of fire and brimstone (Gen. 19:24, 25). In Isa. 34:9 allusion is made to the destruction of these cities. This word figuratively denotes destruction or punishment
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