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Bridegroom of Blood
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A phrase that occurs in Exod 4:24–26 related to the circumcision of Moses’ son. The precise meaning of the phrase is debated, but it is either related to blood sacrifice, the recognition of bloodguilt being accounted for, or covenant kinship.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Bridegroom of Blood
Bridegroom of Blood (חֲתַן דָּמִים‎, chathan damim). A phrase that occurs in Exod 4:24–26 related to the circumcision of Moses’ son. The precise meaning of the phrase is debated, but it is either related to blood sacrifice, the recognition of bloodguilt being accounted for, or covenant kinship.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bridegroom of Blood
Bridegroom of BloodAn epithet in Exod. 4:24–26, arguably the most enigmatic passage in the Pentateuch. It has been seen variously as the etiology of infant circumcision in Israel; a symbolic, ritually correct, (re)circumcision of Moses; or even the expiation of Moses’ bloodguilt after killing the Egyptian.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bridegroom of Blood
Bridegroom of Blood (Heb. aṯan-dāmîm). A name which Zipporah gave her husband Moses (Exod. 4:25–26). In order to quell the Lord’s anger and spare Moses’ life, Zipporah circumcises their firstborn son Gershom (v. 25, “cut off her son’s foreskin”). She then touches her husband’s genitals (the
Key passages
Ex 4:24–26

And on the way, at the place of overnight lodging, Yahweh encountered him and sought to kill him. But Zipporah took a flint knife, and she cut off the foreskin of her son, and she touched his feet, and she said, “Yes, you are a bridegroom of blood to me.” And he left him alone. At that …