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Brick
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A building material in the ancient world that was commonly either sun-dried or baked. The first biblical mention of bricks comes as part of the Tower of Babel story in Genesis 11. Builders in ancient Babylonia used baked bricks of the kind described in Gen 11:3, starting in the late fourth millennium bc. Bricks are mentioned in Exodus more than any other biblical book. The brick-making task of the Israelites, while enslaved in Egypt, was made heavier when they were required to collect their own straw (Exod 1:14; 5:7–19). Brick-making in early Egyptian history was a government monopoly. The Egyptian government pressed captives—such as the Israelites—into service, making it impossible for independent makers to compete. The early bricks usually bore the government stamp or the stamp of a temple authorized to use captives for manufacturing. Outside the Pentateuch, bricks are mentioned three times in prophetic literature, most notably as part of Ezekiel’s symbolic siege of Jerusalem (Ezek 4:1; see also Isa 9:10; 65:3). Brick molds (מַלְבֵּן‎, malben) are mentioned in 2 Sam 12:31; Jer 43:9; and Nah 3:14.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Bricks
Brick (לְבֵנָה‎, levenah). A building material in the ancient world that was commonly either sun-dried or baked. The first biblical mention of bricks comes as part of the Tower of Babel story in Genesis 11. Builders in ancient Babylonia used baked bricks of the kind described in Gen 11:3, starting in
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Brickkiln
Brick, Brickkiln. Oblong block of shaped mud or clay that has been dried either by the sun or by burning in a kiln for use in building or paving, and the furnace in which bricks are burned and hardened. Brick was the most extensively used building material in the ancient biblical world, especially common
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Brick, Brick Kiln
BRICK, BRICK KILN Oblong block of shaped mud or clay that has been dried either by the sun or by burning in a kiln for use in building or paving, and the furnace in which bricks are burned and hardened. Brick was the most extensively used building material in the ancient biblical world, especially common
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Brick
brick, a square or oblong block made of mud or clay used principally for construction of buildings and walls. Mud-brick construction is well known from ancient times in spite of the fact that stones were plentiful in Canaan and Israel and were also used in building projects. Bricks were normally made
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Brick
BRICK. The earliest bricks of which there is written record were in the city and tower of Babel (Gen 11:3). The ruins of Mesopotamian houses reveal the use of beaten clay and bricks in their foundations as early as approximately 4000 b.c. (Joseph Free, Archaeology and Bible History, pp. 37–38). Ancient
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Brick
BRICK. A lump of mud or clay, usually rectangular, sun-dried or kiln-baked (‘burnt’); the commonest building material of the ancient biblical world. At first moulded by hand, bricks early began to be made (‘struck’) with open, rectangular, wooden moulds. The mud was mixed with sand, chopped straw, etc.,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Brick
BrickOne of the most common building materials in the ancient Near East. In Mesopotamia kiln-fired bricks were common (as in the Tower of Babel account, Gen. 11:3); sun-dried bricks were used in Egypt and Palestine until the Roman period. In the hills of Palestine, where it was abundant, stone was used
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Brick
Brick (Heb. leḇēnâ) A common building material in the ancient Near East. In Mesopotamia baked bricks were the primary material for foundations and pavements; note their use in the Tower of Babel account (Gen. 11:3). Sun-dried brick was the chief material in Egypt and Palestine; baked (or kiln-burned)
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Brick
BRICK A molded block used in construction throughout the ancient Near East. Bricks were commonly made by mixing clay with some kind of binding agent (such as straw), molding it into rectangular blocks, and then baking the blocks in the sun or in ovens. The tower of Babel was made of bricks (Gen 11:3).
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Brick
Brick. Gen. 11:3. The bricks in use among the Jews were much larger than with us, being usually from 12 to 13 inches square and 3½ inches thick; they thus possess more of the character of tiles. Ezek. 4:1. The Israelites, in common with other captives, were employed by the Egyptian monarchs in making
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Brick
BRICK (Heb. lbēnâ, from lāban, “to be white,” from the whiteness of the clay out of which bricks were made). The earliest mention made of bricks in Scripture is in the account of the building of Babel (Gen. 11:3). In Exodus (chap. 5) we have the vivid description of the grievous hardship imposed upon