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Bribery
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An act of giving that is intended to influence a person or create a desired outcome. Old Testament law forbids bribery (Exod 23:8). Giving and accepting bribes is associated with corruption (Job 15:34; 1 Sam 8:3; Psa 26:10). God condemns Israelite leaders for taking bribes (e.g., Isa 1:23; Ezek 22:12).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Bribery
Bribery An act of giving that is intended to influence a person or create a desired outcome. Old Testament law forbids bribery (Exod 23:8). Giving and accepting bribes is associated with corruption (Job 15:34; 1 Sam 8:3; Psa 26:10). God condemns Israelite leaders for taking bribes (e.g., Isa 1:23; Ezek
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Bribe, Bribery
Bribe, Bribery. To give a person in authority something valuable in order to influence that person’s decision or action. Bribery was prohibited under OT law (Ex 23:8; Dt 16:19) and condemned by the prophets (Is 1:23; Am 5:12; Mi 3:11). Although Samuel denied that he ever took a bribe (1 Sm 12:3), his
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bribe; Bribery
Bribe; Bribery [Heb. šōḥaḏ, kōp̱er, mattānâ, beṣa‘ (Ex. 18:21), šillûm (Mic. 7:3)]; AV also GIFT, REWARD, COVETOUSNESS (Ex. 18:21), NEB also REWARD, RANSOM, etc.; [šādḥad] (Job 6:22; Ezk. 16:33); AV HIREST, “give a reward”; NEB also “open your purses.” The Hebrew law condemns everything
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Bribe, Bribery
BRIBE, BRIBERY To give a person in authority something valuable in order to influence that person’s decision or action. Bribery was prohibited under OT law (Ex 23:8; Dt 16:19) and condemned by the prophets (Is 1:23; Am 5:12; Mi 3:11). Although Samuel denied that he ever took a bribe (1 Sm 12:3), his
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Bribe, Bribery
BRIBE, BRIBERY. The Heb. word shōḥad means a gift; but in a corrupt sense, a bribe. Heb. law condemned the giving or receiving of gifts or bribes in order to pervert justice (Ex 23:8). References are made to its use to corrupt judges and rulers (Job 15:34; 1 Sam 8:3; Ps 26:10; Isa 33:15; Ezk 22:12).
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Bribe, Bribery
BRIBE, BRIBERY (Heb. kōper, “redemption” money).1. A payment made by a man to redeem himself from capital punishment. The expression “From whose hand have I taken a bribe to blind my eyes with it?” (1 Sam. 12:3) means, “Of whom have I taken anything to exempt from punishment one worthy of death?”2.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Bribe
BribeNone to be taken; “for the gift maketh open eyes blind, and perverteth the cause of the righteous” (Ex. 23:8, literally rendered).
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Bribe
BRIBE — a payment—such as money or a favor—given to people to induce them to act dishonestly. The Bible frequently condemns the giving and receiving of bribes (Amos 5:12). The psalmist spoke of sinners and bloodthirsty men, each of “whose right hand is full of bribes” (Ps. 26:10).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BRIBERY
BRIBERY<brib’-er-i> (שֹׁחַד‎ [shochadh], “a gift,” in a corrupt sense, “a bribe”): The Hebrew law condemns everything that would tend to impair the impartial administration of justice, particularly the giving and receiving of gifts or bribes, in order to pervert judgment (Exodus 23:8). Allusions
Compton’s Encyclopedia
bribery
briberyThe illegal act involving the giving or receiving of favors, usually money, is called bribery. Bribery originally concerned corruption among public officials but now can involve illegal favors among politicians or private citizens. Elements of corrupt intent must be implied or proven in bribery
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
Bribery
bribery. The act of receiving or giving an inducement to perform a service that is presumed to be free of secretive solicitation. A bribe is usually an offer of money, goods or services in exchange for the illicit service. Bribes are seen as unethical insofar as they improperly influence the performances
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Bribery
BRIBERY Giving anything of value with intention of influencing one in the discharge of his or her duties. The danger of bribery is the opportunity it presents for the perversion of justice (1 Sam. 8:3; Prov. 17:23; Isa. 1:23; Mic. 3:11; 7:3). The poor, because they had no bribe to offer, were either
Key passages
Ex 23:8

And you will not take a bribe, because the bribe makes the sighted blind and ruins the words of the righteous.

1 Sa 12:3

Here I am! Testify against me before Yahweh and before his anointed one! Whose ox have I taken? Or whose donkey have I taken? Or whom have I exploited? Whom have I oppressed? Or from whose hand have I taken a bribe, that I may shut my eyes regarding him?—then I will restore it to you.”