Breathe • Breathing
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Breath [Heb. nešāmâ, rû (a)ḥ, heḇel, nep̱eš (Job 41:21), ’ap̱ (Cant. 7:8), yāp̱aḥ (Jer. 4:31); Gk. pnoé̄, pneúma]; AV also VANITY, WIND, SPIRIT, LIFE, INSPIRATION (Job 32:8), NOSE (Cant. 7:8), “bewaileth herself” (Jer. 4:31); NEB also BREATH OF WIND, VAPOUR, SPIRITS, COMMAND, PUFF OF WIND,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Breath. Heb. nešāmâ refers most commonly to the physical act of taking in air (from the verb nāšam “to breathe”). Heb. rûaḥ, ranging in meaning to include also “wind,” “spirit,” and “disposition” (KoB, pp. 877–79), is often used in a more theological sense (cf. Gk. pneúma, e.g., Acts
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BREATH — air drawn into the body to sustain life. Since breathing is the most obvious sign of life, the phrase “breath of life” is used frequently in the Bible to mean “alive” or “living” (Gen. 2:7; 6:17). Breath is recognized as the gift of God to His creatures (Job 12:10). But since breath is usually
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
BreathBreath is part of a group of words, including *wind and *spirit, that evoke a wide range of dynamic relationships between God, humanity and creation. The two main Hebrew words for this group (rûaḥ and nešāmâ) are often used in parallel form, which enriches the OT images for breath immeasurably.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BREATH; BREATHE; BREATHING<breth>, <breth>, <breath’-ing>: In the English Versions of the Bible of the Old Testament “breath” is the rendering of נַשָׁמָה‎ [neshamah], and of רוּחַ‎ [ruach]. These words differ but slightly in meaning, both signifying primarily “wind,” then “breath,” though the
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BREATH Air coming out of or into the body of a living being. Two Hebrew terms are translated “breath.” Generally neshamah is used in a milder manner to refer to the fact that breath is in all forms of life. It is concerned with the physiological concept of breath with a primary emphasis on breath as
Breath of Life
BREATH OF LIFE Translation of several Hebrew words and phrases. The phrase denotes the capacity for life. In the Bible God is the source of the breath of life (Gen. 1:30; 2:7; 7:15; Isa. 57:16). Just as God gave the breath of life, so can He take it away (Gen. 6:17; 7:22; Isa. 57:16). See Immortality;
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
breath. The air passing in and out of the lungs in respiration. Breath is the most important ingredient of physical life. A person can live for thirty days without food, but only a few minutes without breathing. Breathing exchanges life-sustaining oxygen for deadly carbon monoxide. Because human beings
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Breath, Breathe, Breathing
BREATH, breth, BREATHE, brēth, BREATHING, brēth′ing: In the EV of the OT “breath” is the rendering of נְשָׁמָה‎, neshāmāh, and of רוּחַ‎, a. These words differ but slightly in meaning, both signifying primarily “wind,” then “breath,” though the former suggests a gentler blowing, the latter often
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
BREATH. A variety of Hebrew and Greek words behind the English noun breath and the verb breathe contain a wide range of meanings, both figurative and literal.The divine activities of judgment and creation are described in terms of breath. For example, two Hebrew terms, neshamah (נְשָׁמָה, “blast/breath”)
Key passages
Ge 1:30

And to every kind of animal of the earth and to every bird of heaven, and to everything that moves upon the earth in which there is life I am giving every green plant as food.” And it was so.

Ge 2:7

when Yahweh God formed the man of dust from the ground, and he blew into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature.

Is 57:16

For I will not attack forever, and I will not be angry forever, for the spirit will grow faint before me, and the breaths that I myself I have made.

Jn 20:22

And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.