Broken • Brokenness
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Break The most common word is Heb. šāḇar, which is nearly always used literally, for breaking objects, e.g., a door (Gen. 19:9), bones (Ex. 12:46; Job. 29:17), images and altars (Dt. 7:5; 2 K. 11:18; 2 Ch. 23:17; Jer. 43:13), weapons (Ps. 76:3; Hos. 1:5), yokes (Jer. 28; Neh. 1:11), bread (Lev. 26:26;
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
BrokennessBrokenness is most commonly employed in the Bible as an image for people overwhelmed by troubles. In the OT this is commonly expressed by saying that the heart or spirit is “broken.” The image represents feelings of anguish and despair, and a loss of hope or a sense of well-being. A broken
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BREAK<brak>: שָׁבַר‎ [shabhar] = “break” (down, off, in pieces, up), “destroy,” “quench” (Isaiah 14:25; Jeremiah 19:10, 11; Ezekiel 4:16; Amos 1:5); פָּרַק‎ [paraq] = “to break off” or “craunch”; figuratively “to deliver” (Genesis 27:40 the King James Version); עָרַף‎ [̀araph]
BROKEN<bro’-k’-n>: Occurs both as past participle of the verb translated “to break” and as an adjective, the former use will be dealt with here only so far as verbs occur which are thus translated but do not present the non-participial forms. Such are: מְרוֹחַ‎ [meroach] = “bruised,” “emasculated” (Leviticus
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
BREAK, brāk: שָׁבַר‎, shābhar= “break” (down, off, in pieces, up), “destroy,” “quench” (Isa 14:25; Jer 19:10, 11; Ezk 4:16; Am 1:5); פָּרַק‎, pāraḳ= “to break off” or “craunch”; fig. “to deliver” (Gen 27:40 AV); עָרַף‎, ‛āraph= “to break the neck,” hence “to destroy” (Ex 13:13); הָרַס‎, hāraṣ= “to
BROKEN: brōʹk’n: Occurs both as past part. of the vb. trd “to break” and as an adj. The former use will be dealt with here only so far as vbs. occur which are thus trd but do not present the non-participial forms. Such are: מְרוֹחַ‎, merōaḥ =“bruised,” “emasculated” (Lev 21:20); חָתַת‎, ḥāthath =
Key passages
Ps 69:20

Reproach has broken my heart and I am sick. And I hoped for sympathy, but there was none, and for comforters, but I found none.

Is 61:1

The Spirit of the Lord Yahweh is upon me, because Yahweh has anointed me, he has sent me to bring good news to the oppressed, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim release to the captives and liberation to those who are bound,