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Bread
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Food made from grain; sometimes used as a reference to the grain itself or to food in general. In the Bible, the word “bread” often is used metaphorically to convey a variety of symbolic meanings, especially spiritual nourishment. The Hebrew word מַצָּה‎ (matstsah) refers to unleavened bread which could be prepared quickly if needed (see Gen 19:3; 1 Sam 28:24).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Bread
Bread (לֶחֶם‎, lechem; ἅρτος, hartos). Food made from grain; sometimes used as a reference to the grain itself or to food in general. In the Bible, the word “bread” often is used metaphorically to convey a variety of symbolic meanings, especially spiritual nourishment. The Hebrew word מַצָּה‎ (matstsah)
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Bread
BREAD. Bread includes various kinds of food such as unleavened and leavened bread, porridge, and gruel prepared from cereal grains such as wheat and barley. The term “bread” was also used for solid food in general. In the Bible, bread is a polyvalent symbol, being used both in everyday life and for metaphoric
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Loaf; Loaves
Loaf; Loaves[Heb leḥem—‘bread,’ kikkār—‘disk-shaped loaf of bread’ (Ex. 29:23; Jgs. 8:5; 1 S. 2:36; 10:3; 1 Ch. 16:3; Prov. 6:26; Jer. 37:21); Gk. ártos—‘bread’]; AV also MORSEL, PIECE; NEB also ROUND LOAF. See Bread.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Bread
BREAD Food made from the dough of flour or meal from grain.A Grindstone Used to Crush GrainKinds of Seed Used in Making Bread The Bible tells us that wheat, barley, rye, beans, lentils, millet, and manna were used in making bread.Wheat Wheat is mentioned frequently in Scripture (about 48 uses of
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Bread
bread, along with water, one of life’s two basic staples (Num. 21:5; Isa. 3:1). Bread is frequently used as a metaphor for food in general (Judg. 13:16; Luke 15:17).Bread was made primarily from wheat or barley (2 Kings 4:42; John 6:9, 13), the latter eaten primarily by the poor. At times any mixture
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Bread
BREAD. Bread was the all-important commodity of the ancient Near East, and the price of grain is an infallible index to economic conditions at any given time. In early Babylonia the grain of corn provided the basic unit for the system of weights, and cereal took the place of money in commerce. Hosea
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bread
BreadA major part of the diet in the ancient Near East, from the earliest times. Heb. leḥem refers to food products made from grains such as wheat or barley. Grain is ground into meal and flour, water and other ingredients are added, and some means of cooking is used to produce gruel, porridge, leavened
Cake
CakeVarious food products made from wheat or barley meal, figs or raisins, and shaped or molded into a compact form. Water, oil, and spices might be added to dough which was formed into ring, disk, heart, and flat shapes. Several Hebrew terms are used to denote cakes. “Wafer” is used to render Heb.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bread
Bread (Heb. leḥem Gk.ártos).† In Israel, as throughout most of the ancient Near East, bread was a major factor in the human diet from the earliest times. It was the principal food among the settled population, who were able to tend their own crops, and was also known and valued among the more
Cake
Cake. Because the Israelites were unfamiliar with sugar, their cakes were more like flat, round disks of bread than what is now commonly considered cake or pastry (see Bread). Abraham used fine meal as an ingredient for his cakes (Gen. 18:6), and the manna which fed the Israelites in the wilderness was
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Bread And Baking
BREAD AND BAKING The cultivation of corn in the ancient Near East dates back to Neolithic times. In the biblical period bread made of barley or wheat was a staple food. Wheaten bread was used in religious ceremonials (Exod. 29:2) and at the king’s court (1 Kgs. 4:22).Although this is not clearly borne
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Bread
BreadIn biblical times bread was the staple food, a synonym for food itself and even the symbol for that which in any way might sustain physical life* (Deut 8:3). Paradoxically, the ordinariness of bread is the basis of its extraordinary importance in the Gospels. There was little change in the way
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Bread
Bread. The preparation of bread as an article of food dates from a very early period. Gen. 18:6. The corn or grain employed was of various sorts. The best bread was made of wheat, but “barley” and spelt were also used. John 6:9, 13; Isa. 28:25. The process of making bread was as follows: the flour was