Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Tree native to Israel and used by Solomon to build the temple (2 Chr 3:5). Cypress wood was also used for general construction, shipbuilding, sarcophagi, idols, furniture, lances, musical instruments, and doors.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), a kind of tall evergreen found among stands of cedar and oak. Because of their beauty, cypresses were used as ornamental trees in gardens and cemeteries. The hard fragrant wood was preferred for buildings and furniture (Isa. 44:14, nrsv: “holm tree”). The fir trees supplied
pine, a tree of the genus Pinus, producing edible cones and straight-grained, highly resinous wood. The stone pine (Pinus pinea) grew plentifully in the sandy soil near the Mediterranean coast. Its wood was good for construction (Song of Sol. 1:17), fitting ships (Ezek. 27:6), reclamation (Isa. 41:19),
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
CypressAny of a genus of trees (Cupressus) that are evergreen conifers, often nearly cylindrical in shape. The Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), common in many countries bordering the Mediterranean, grows to a height of 30 m. (90 ft.).The NRSV translates Heb. bĕrôš as “fir” (Ps. 104:17;
PineAny of the various coniferous evergreens with long, slender needles, of the genus Pinus. Pines were common in biblical lands, although they are seldom mentioned in the Bible. The stone pine (Pinus pinea) thrives in the sandy soil and warm climate of the Palestinian coastal plain. This tree matures
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Cypress. Any of a genus of trees (Cupressus) that are evergreen conifers often nearly cylindrical in shape. The Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), common in many countries bordering the Mediterranean, grows to a height of 30 m. (90 ft.).The RSV translates Heb. berôš as “fir” (Ps. 104:17;
Pine. †Any of the various species of coniferous evergreen trees with long slender needles, of the genus Pinus. A number of pines are native to Palestine and Lebanon, including the Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) and the brutian pine (Pinus brutia).Identification of trees mentioned in the Old
Catholic Bible Dictionary
CYPRESS A tree native to the region of Palestine, in particular Lebanon (Isa 41:19; 60:13). Several different Hebrew words seem to refer to this tree, although the RSV normally uses “cypress” for the word bĕrôš (at times, “fir” is also used). Cypress was used by Solomon in the building of the Temple
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Cypress (Heb. tirzâh). The Hebrew word is found only in Isa. 44:14. We are quite unable to assign any definite rendering to it. The true cypress is a native of the Taurus. The Hebrew word points to some tree with a hard grain, and this is all that can be positively said of it.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Box-tree—(Heb. teashshur), mentioned in Isa. 60:13; 41:19, was, according to some, a species of cedar growing in Lebanon. The words of Ezek. 27:6 literally translated are, “Thy benches they have made of ivory, the daughter of the ashur tree,” i.e., inlaid with ashur wood. The ashur is the box-tree, and
Cypress—(Heb. tirzah, “hardness”), mentioned only in Isa. 44:14 (R.V., “holm tree”). The oldest Latin version translates this word by ilex, i.e., the evergreen oak, which may possibly have been the tree intended; but there is great probability that our Authorized Version is correct in rendering it “cypress.”
Pine tree—Heb. tidhar, mentioned along with the fir-tree in Isa. 41:19; 60:13. This is probably the cypress; or it may be the stone-pine, which is common on the northern slopes of Lebanon. Some suppose that the elm, others that the oak, or holm, or ilex, is meant by the Hebrew word. In Neh. 8:15 the
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Cypresscypress (Cupressus sempervirens), a kind of tall evergreen found among stands of cedar and oak. Because of their beauty, cypresses were used as ornamentals in gardens and cemeteries. The hard fragrant wood was preferred for buildings and furniture (Isa. 44:14, rsv: ‘holm tree’). The fir trees
Pinepine, a word used as both noun and verb in the ot. 1 A tree of the genus Pinus with straight-grained highly resinous wood, good for construction (Song of Sol. 1:17), shipfitting (Ezek. 27:6), reclamation (Isa. 41:19), decoration (Isa. 60:13), aromatics, and other products. 2 A verb meaning to fade
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