Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Borrow, Borrowing
Borrow, Borrowing. Receiving money or goods that one pledges to return. The Mosaic Law regulated borrowing and lending (Dt 23:19, 20).See Money and Banking.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Borrow, Borrowing
BORROW, BORROWING Receiving money or goods that one pledges to return. The Mosaic law regulated borrowing and lending (Dt 23:19–20). See Banker, Banking.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Borrow, Borrowing
BORROW, BORROWING. In its usual sense in Scripture, borrowing means just what it does in our own times. The root meanings of the Heb. words “to be joined (to another)” (Deut 28:12; Ps 37:21; Neh 5:4) and “interweave” (Deut 15:6) suggest the close relationship that obtains between borrower and lender.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Borrow, Borrowing
BORROW, BORROWING. As a matter of law, etc., see Loan.We call attention to the much-debated act of the Israelites in “borrowing” from the Egyptians (Ex. 12:35). This was in response to a divine command (3:22; 11:2); and it suggests a difficulty, seeing that the Israelites did not intend to return to
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
BorrowThe Israelites “borrowed” from the Egyptians (Ex. 12:35, R.V., “asked”) in accordance with a divine command (3:22; 11:2). But the word (sha’al) so rendered here means simply and always to “request” or “demand.” The Hebrew had another word which is properly translated “borrow” in Deut. 28:12; Ps.
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BORROW — to receive something with the intention of returning it. In ancient Israel borrowing was not done to set up or expand a business; instead, it was to allow peasant farmers to survive through periods of poverty. Therefore, biblical regulations emphasize neighborliness and helpfulness (Deut. 15:1–11).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BORROWING<bor’-o-ing>:1. In the Old Testament period loans were not of a commercial nature, i.e. they were not granted to enable a man to start or run a business. They were really a form of charity, and were made by the lender only to meet the pressure of poverty. To the borrower they were esteemed
Compton’s Encyclopedia
BorrowingTrue government borrowing is from the private sector of the economy: banks and other financial institutions, corporations, and individuals. When a government borrows from its own central bank, it is really creating money for itself rather than borrowing, and no obligation to the public is incurred
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Borrow. A pledge. To borrow is to take something which we pledge ourselves to return. (Anglo-Saxon, borg, a loan or pledge; verb borg-ian.)“Ye may retain as borrows my two priests.”—Scott: Ivanhoe, chap. xxxiii.
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Borʹrow. The word translated borrow in Ex. 11:2 has the general sense of ask, request, demand, and does not imply any promise to return. The Hebrews had rendered the Egyptians a long and severe servitude, and on the eve of leaving the country they demanded compensation, which, in the panic, was promptly
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
BORROW In Hebrew culture borrowing indicated economic hardship, not a strategy for expanding business or household. (See Lev. 25:35–37, which assumes that borrowers are poor.) In Deuteronomy God’s blessings of prosperity was understood to exclude the need to borrow (15:6; 26:12). Thus poverty was not
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Borrow, Lend
borrow, lend. Borrowing and lending was regulated in Israel: the people could lend to the heathen (Deut. 15:6, where “lend” and “borrow” are different forms of the verb ʿābaṭ H6292) and could even lend with interest to a stranger, but this latter practice was forbidden among fellow Israelites (23:19–20).
Key passages
Dt 23:19–20

“You shall not charge your brother interest on money, interest on food, or interest on anything that one could lend on interest. You may lend on interest to the foreigner, but to your countryman you may not lend on interest, so that Yahweh your God may bless you in all your undertakings …

See also
Topics & Themes