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Books of Esdras
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A group of texts, including the books of 1 and 2 Esdras. First Esdras consists of historical reconstructions, court tales, and Wisdom literature. Second Esdras is considered a Jewish apocalypse.The name Esdras (Ἔσδρας, Esdras) is the Greek version of the Hebrew name Ezra (עֶזְרָא‎, ezra'). Several books in the Old Testament and Old Testament Apocrypha are named after Ezra/Esdras, and different traditions give these books different names and numbers, which can cause confusion. The major naming traditions include the following:Most English versionsVulgateSeptuagintSlavicEzra1 Esdras2 Esdras/Esdras B’ (chapters 1–10)1 EsdrasNehemiah2 Esdras2 Esdras/Esdras B’ (chapters 11–23)Nehemiah1 Esdras3 Esdras1 Esdras/Esdras A’2 Esdras2 Esdras4 Esdras(not present)3 EsdrasAdditionally, modern scholarship divides 2 Esdras (the one labeled as such in most English versions) into three portions, known as 4 Ezra (2 Esdras 3–14), 5 Ezra (2 Esdras 1–2), and 6 Ezra (2 Esdras 15–16).For more information on each of the books of Esdras, see these articles: Esdras, First Book of; Esdras, Second Book of. For information on the biblical books of Ezra and Nehemiah, which are sometimes called 1 Esdras and 2 Esdras, see these articles: Ezra, Book of; Nehemiah, Book of.There are also several nonbiblical texts named after Ezra, but these are not grouped with the works usually known as the “books of Esdras.”(For further information on the Old Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha, see these articles: Pseudepigrapha, Old Testament; Apocrypha, Old Testament. For information on the process of canonization, see this article: Canon, Old Testament.)Abigail Stocker
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Esdras, Books of
Esdras, Books of A group of texts, including the books of 1 and 2 Esdras. First Esdras consists of historical reconstructions, court tales, and Wisdom literature. Second Esdras is considered a Jewish apocalypse.The name Esdras (Ἔσδρας, Esdras) is the Greek version of the Hebrew name Ezra (עֶזְרָא‎, ezra').
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Esdras, First Book Of
Esdras (ez´druhs), First Book of, an alternative version of 2 Chron. 35:1–36:23, all of Ezra, and Neh. 7:38–8:12. It was included in the lxx and is regarded as canonical scripture by Greek Orthodox and Slavonic Orthodox churches, but is not among the books considered deuterocanonical by Roman Catholics,
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Esdras, Books Of
Esdras, Books ofEzra the scribe is remembered in Jewish tradition as one of the central figures in the history of Judaism and the Jewish people. According to the biblical narratives, Ezra led a group of exiled Jews back to Jerusalem in 458 b.c. with the authorization and financial support of the Persian
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Esdras, Books of
Esdras, Books of. ‘Esdras’ is the Greek and Latin form of *Ezra. In the *Septuagint there are two books of this title–Esdras A, a Greek book based on parts of 2 Chron., Ez., and Neh., with an interpolated story not extant in Hebrew; and Esdras B, a straightforward rendering of the Hebrew Ezra-Neh. (treated
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Esdras, the First Book of
Esdras, the First Book OfEsdras, the First Book of, (ezʹdruhs), an alternative version of 2 Chron. 35:1-36:23, all of Ezra, and Neh. 7:38-8:12. It is included in the Septuagint (lxx), the Greek version of the ot in use in the early church. The lxx also includes the primary translation of the works
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Ezra, Pseudepigraphic Books of
Ezra, pseudepigraphic books of. In addition to 4 Ezra (see Esdras, Second), several pseudepigraphic works are attributed to Ezra, but their date and provenance are very uncertain. Apocalypses in various languages (including Armenian, Ethiopic, Greek, Latin, and Syriac) bear his name. Among them are the
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
Esdras
ESDRAS (Ezra) (apocryphal). Besides the canonical book of Ezra (also either called 1 Esdras or included as part of 1 Esdras) and that of Nehemiah (also either called 2 Esdras or included as part of 1 Esdras), there are a certain number of books in Greek, Latin and the various languages, under the name