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Books of Enoch
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A group of pseudepigraphal, apocalyptic writings in a variety of languages, written over the course of several centuries. Of the books of Enoch, 1 Enoch (often referred to just as Enoch) is especially influential in shaping the genre and theology of apocalyptic literature. None of these books are in the Hebrew Bible, and all are noncanonical for all Christian traditions but 1 Enoch, which is only canonical for the Ethiopian Orthodox church.The texts named after Enoch include:1 Enoch: a series of apocalyptic visions and narratives experienced by the character of Enoch.2 Enoch: also known as “Slavonic Enoch” and “The Book of the Secrets of Enoch.” An apocalyptic text containing rewritten sections of Gen 5:21–32—expanding the Enoch and Noah materials of the Old Testament.3 Enoch: also known as Sefer Hekalot (“Book of Palaces”). This apocalyptic text presents itself as the first-person account of Rabbi Ishmael as he ascends through the six palaces of heaven and at one point encounters an angelic-like figure who describes himself as having once been named Enoch.These so-called books of Enoch are mainly grouped together by sharing the person of Enoch in common, as well as their general apocalyptic worldview. 3 Enoch especially diverges from the traditions of 1 Enoch and 2 Enoch.For information on the three books of Enoch ascribed to his name, see these articles: Enoch, First Book of; Enoch, Second Book of; Enoch, Third Book of.The term “books of Enoch” is sometimes used in a much broader sense to include other ancient Enochic tradition books:Astronomical Enoch: a longer version of the “Astronomical Book” included in 1 Enoch found among the Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q208–211)• The nonbiblical Book of Giants (1Q23–24, 2Q26, 4Q203, 4Q530–533): a work also found among the Dead Sea ScrollsJubilees: a work that is sometimes grouped with the books of Enoch, because of its parallels to 1 Enoch. (Like 1 Enoch, Jubilees also is not in Hebrew Bible and among Christian traditions is only in the Ethiopian Orthodox canon).For further information on these works, see these articles: Enoch, Astronomical; Book of Giants; Jubilees, Book of.Alternatively, the “books of Enoch” may also refer more narrowly to the five sections that make up 1 Enoch, each of which have their own name and several of which seem to have circulated and/or existed independently before being edited into 1 Enoch.(For additional information on the figure of Enoch in the Old Testament and extrabiblical literature, see this article: Enoch. For more information on pseudepigraphal literature, see this article: Pseudepigrapha, Old Testament. For information on the process of canonization, see this article: Canon, Old Testament.)Abigail Stocker with John D. Barry
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Enoch, Books of
Enoch, Books of (חנוך‎, chnwk, ‘Ενώχ, Enōch). A group of pseudepigraphal, apocalyptic writings in a variety of languages, written over the course of several centuries. Of the books of Enoch, 1 Enoch (often referred to just as Enoch) is especially influential in shaping the genre and theology of apocalyptic
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Enoch
ENOCH. 1. Son of Cain (Gn. 4:17) after whom a city was named.2. Son of Jared and father of Methuselah (Gn. 5:18, 21). Enoch was a man of outstanding sanctity who enjoyed close fellowship with God (Gn. 5:22, 24: for the expression ‘walked with God’, cf. Gn. 6:9; Mi. 6:8; Mal. 2:6). Like Elijah (2 Ki.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Enoch, Books Of
Enoch, Books ofThree books have come down to us under the name of Enoch: 1 (or Ethiopic) Enoch, 2 (or Slavonic) Enoch, and 3 (or Hebrew) Enoch. Much of the content of these books depends on the idea that Enoch had learned cosmological and other heavenly secrets from the angels. This is derived from
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Enoch, Books Of
ENOCH, BOOKS OFThe name Enoch first appears in Genesis 4:17, where we are told that Cain begat Enoch and named a city after him. According to Genesis 5:24, “Enoch walked with God. Then he was no more, for God took him” (the word for “God,” elohim, could also be interpreted as “angels”). In later tradition
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Enoch, Books of
Enoch, Books of. (1) 1 Enoch, or ‘Ethiopic Enoch’ as it is sometimes called from the fact that it survives in its most complete form in Ethiopic, is one of the most important Jewish *Pseudepigrapha. It embodies a series of revelations, of which Enoch is the professed recipient, on such matters as the
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Enoch the book of
E´noch, The book of. The first trace of the existence of this work is found in the Epistle of Jude, 14, 15. An apocryphal book called Enoch was known at a very early date, but was lost sight of until 1773, when Bruce brought with him on his return from Egypt three MSS containing the complete Ethiopic
A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, Volumes I–IV
Enoch, Apocryphal Book Of
ENOCH, APOCRYPHAL BOOK OF. In Gen. 5:24 it is said of Enoch that he walked with God. This expression was interpreted to mean not only that he led a godly life, but also that he had been vouchsafed the privilege of Divine intercourse, and of receiving Divine revelations. Jewish antiquity regarded him
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
Enoch, Books of (Writing)
Enoch, Books of. Several apocalyptic writings are ascribed to Enoch son of Jared and father of Methuselah (Gen. 5:18–24). Enoch’s translation to heaven gave rise to the belief that he must be knowledgeable concerning secrets about the future.
A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs: A Reference Guide to More than 700 Topics Discussed by the Early Church Fathers
Enoch, Book Of
ENOCH, BOOK OFThe following New Testament passages refer to events described in the book of Enoch:God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment. 2 Pet. 2:4.The angels who did not keep their proper domain,
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
1. The Books of Enoch and Daniel
1. The books of Enoch and DanielThe historical roots of Jewish eschatology and apocalypticism lie in the oldest strata of the Enoch literature circulating in Aramaic by the 3rd cent. bce or earlier. The story of the rebellion of the WATCHERs (Shemihazah, Asael, and the other fallen angels) and its devastating