Book of Tobit
Tobit sends his son Tobias to recover some money in far-off Media after Tobit was blinded. On the way, Tobias meets the archangel Raphael in disguise. Raphael tells Tobias of Sarah, a widow of seven husbands who is tormented by the demon Asmodeus. He then aids Tobias in defeating Asmodeus so that Tobias can marry Sarah. They return to Tobit and as a final act Raphael tells Tobias how to heal Tobit's blindness. Tobit 1:1–14:15
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Tobit, Book of
Tobit, Book of (Τωβιτ, Tōbit), Book of. A narrative set during the Assyrian exile about the man Tobit, his wife Anna, and his son Tobias. This narrative also involves two Assyrian kings, the angel Raphael, and a woman named Sarah who has lost seven husbands to the demon Asmodeus.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Tobit, Book of
TOBIT, BOOK OF. The Greek book of Tobit (Gk tōbeit[h]), named after its alleged author, a Jewish exile living in “the Assyrian capital of Nineveh[!]” in the late 8th and 7th centuries b.c., is regarded as noncanonical or “apocryphal” by Jews and Protestants and, since the decrees of the Council of Trent
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tobit A didactic or moralizing short story in the Apocrypha extolling a righteous life-style for Jews living in the Diaspora. I. Title II. Contents III. Historicity IV. Purpose V. TheologyA. Attributes and Functions of GodB. Angels and DemonsC. Ethics VI. Unity VII. Sources VIII. Date IX.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Tobit, Book of
TOBIT, BOOK OF One of several deuterocanonical books of the Bible. It was received as canonical by the Council of Trent (1546) and is found in the Roman Catholic Bible, but it was never included in the Hebrew Old Testament and is placed with the Apocrypha by Protestants.PreviewAuthor, DatePurpose
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Tobit, Book Of
Tobit, book of, a Hellenistic writing produced during the Second Temple period and included among the Apocrypha/deuterocanonical literature. The book of Tobit presents a tale of the tribulation and hope intended for Jews who live outside their homeland in the Dispersion. The story is set in the city
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Tobit (Gk. Tōbeit), Book ofA postexilic Jewish book with clear folktale antecedents yet modeled on Jewish sacred literature, found in the Apocrypha.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Tobit, Book of (Writing)
Tobit, Book of. †A book of the Apocrypha/Deuterocanonical Books recounting the experiences (Tob. 1:1; cf. RSV mg. “words”) of the pious Tobit and his family in the Diaspora. In the Vulgate, where it appears following Ezra-Nehemiah, it is called Tobias. In some Greek manuscripts it is placed
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Tobit, Book Of
TOBIT, BOOK OF The story of two Israelite families whose lives were touched by God in the Assyrian Exile. They were brought together by marriage and the intervention of the angel Raphael. Tobit is one of the deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament that is deemed scriptural by Catholics but not by
Dictionary of New Testament Background
TOBITTobit is an adventure story or romance contained in the Septuagint but not the Masoretic Text. Considered deuterocanonical by the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, Tobit is relegated to the Apocrypha by Protestants. In the LXX, Tobit is placed among the historical books in the order
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Tobit, Book of
Tobit, Book of. One of the apocryphal books of the OT. It relates the story of Tobit, a pious Jew taken captive to Nineveh after the fall of *Samaria to the Assyrians. In pursuit of his good works, Tobit became poor and blind in his old age. He prayed to God to deliver him, and, remembering a debt
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Tobit Book of
To´bit, Book of, a book of the Apocrypha, which exists at present in Greek, Latin, Syriac, and Hebrew texts, but it was probably written originally in Greek. The scene of the book is placed in Assyria, whither Tobit, a Jew, had been carried as a captive by Shalmaneser. It is represented as completed
See also