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Book
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A format of written literature or a literary document itself (e.g., the book of Daniel). The term was elastic enough that the Gospels used it in reference to a scroll of Isaiah (Luke 4:17), the book of Psalms (Luke 20:42), and the book of Moses (Genesis—Deuteronomy; Mark 12:26).The ancestor of the modern book is the codex, which was distinguishable from the roll or scroll. Early Christian preference for the codex over the scroll format contrasts with the broader culture, which preferred the scroll during the first centuries ad. It is unclear whether Christians invented the codex format or merely popularized it. Their preference for the codex format helped to distinguish their sacred writings from those of the Jews.Certain individual literary pieces, like Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles, were divided in half at some time, presumably because they were too long for a single scroll. Such conventions persisted even after the invention and popularity of the codex/book format, which could incorporate multiple works in a single volume. The Gospel of Luke, the longest book in the New Testament, would require its own scroll of approximately 32 feet; a single codex could contain all four Gospels—or Paul’s writings or the entire Bible—in one volume (e.g., Codex Vaticanus).Jeffrey E. Miller
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Book
Book A format of written literature or a literary document itself (e.g., the book of Daniel). The term was elastic enough that the Gospels used it in reference to a scroll of Isaiah (Luke 4:17), the book of Psalms (Luke 20:42), and the book of Moses (Genesis—Deuteronomy; Mark 12:26).The ancestor of
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Book
Book The AV in Job 31:35, for RSV and NEB “indictment,” translating Heb. sēp̱er.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Book
BOOK A set of written sheets or a scroll—whether composed of wood, parchment, papyrus, or paper—containing records or a literary composition. With respect to the Bible, each individual composition is called a “book” because that was what the document was before it became part of the biblical collection.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Book
book. In the Bible, a written document in which events, poems, or prophecies are recorded or in which persons or objects are enumerated. The earliest form of books was the scroll made either of papyrus or animal skins (later vellum or parchment was used). A scroll was made by joining sheets of papyrus
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Book
BOOK. Old Testament. The Heb. word for “book” is usually sēper, which is probably a loan word from the Akkadian. It is suggested that in Akkad., the root signified a “task”, then the document outlining the task, then the verb meaning “to send” a document. At all events, sēper means “book” or “letter.”
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Book
BookThe earliest form of the book in biblical times was the scroll (Heb. mĕg̱illâ), a document made either from papyrus or leather. The use of papyrus scrolls can be traced to ca. 3200 b.c. in Egypt, and the Israelites likely imported such scrolls for their own writing. After the Exile and by the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Book
Book (Heb. sēp̱er; Gk.biblíon).† In biblical times the book was generally in the form of a scroll (Heb. meg̱illâ), a document written on strips of leather or papyrus. These strips were then glued together and rolled up (Ps. 40:8; Isa. 34:4) and sometimes sealed (Rev. 5:1). The text was written
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Book
BOOK In the ancient world, a book was commonly a scroll of papyrus about 9 to 12 inches high and 35 feet long, made by gluing sheets of papyrus end to end. Aside from papyrus, leather and parchment, among other materials, were also used for writing. Usually only one side of the scroll was used for writing
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Book
BOOK (Heb. sēper; Gk. biblos). The Heb. word is much more comprehensive than our English book. It means anything written, as a bill of sale or deed of purchase (Jer. 32:12), a bill of accusation or an indictment (Job 31:35), a certificate of divorce (Deut. 24:1, 3), a letter (2 Sam. 11:14), or a volume
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Book
BookThis word has a comprehensive meaning in Scripture. In the Old Testament it is the rendering of the Hebrew word sepher, which properly means a “writing,” and then a “volume” (Ex. 17:14; Deut. 28:58; 29:20; Job 19:23) or “roll of a book” (Jer. 36:2, 4).Books were originally written on skins, on
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Book
Bookbook, a term applied in the Bible to a wide range of writings but generally to a written document in which events, poems, or prophecies are recorded or in which persons or objects are enumerated. Various materials were used for early records, such as the clay hexagonal prism on which was inscribed
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Book
BOOK — a collection of written sheets, bound together along one edge and protected by a cover. In Bible times a book was almost anything in written form, usually preserved on a scroll, a roll of papyrus, leather, or parchment.Old Testament references to a book were more comprehensive than our modern
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