Skiffs of Reed [Heb. ʾonîyôṯ ʾēḇeh—‘boats of reed’] (Job 9:26); AV SWIFT SHIPS; NEB REED-BUILT SKIFFS. Job compares the brevity of his life to swiftly moving reed boats, varieties of which were found in both Mesopotamia and Egypt (cf. Isa 18:2).
A Roman merchantman of the first century. Department of Classics, New York UniversityBOATS. The people of ancient Israel were not a seafaring people, a fact that is strikingly illustrated by the very scattered mention of ships or boats in Scriptures. The Jordan River was not safely navigable and the
FORESHIPThe front part of a ship, the bow or prow. The KJV renders Acts 27:30) “as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship,” but in v. 41 the same Gr. word is translated “and the forepart stuck fast” (ASV, “foreship”). The RSV uses “bow” in both instances.
NAVY. Used in the sense of a fleet of ships (1 Kgs 9:26). The only reference in the Bible are applied to Solomon’s navy, which was based at Ezion-geber and which brought luxury goods from Africa and Asia for exchange with Phoenicia (1 Kgs 10:22). SeeShips.
SHIPS. Ships and shipping have been known from very ancient times. As early as 3500 b.c. ships with a square sail and forked stern (to hold a steering paddle) were depicted in Egyptian paintings or modeled for use in tombs. By the time of Snefru in the Old Kingdom (c. 2650 b.c.) large ships 170 feet
SHIPS AND BOATS. Rafts constructed from bundles of reeds were in use from a very early period in both Egypt and Mesopotamia and appear as an early pictographic sign on a clay tablet from c. 3500 bc. The raft has remained a popular craft in the marshes of S Mesopotamia. A clay model of a boat found at
Ships and SailingAs the historic era dawned in the Bible lands, ca. 3000 b.c.e., blue-water sailing on the Mediterranean (and perhaps the Red Sea) already had a venerable tradition. Although the advent of maritime travel and the identity of the first mariners who bravely sailed beyond sight of the shore
Galley (Heb. ˒onî “ship”). A large ship or warship propelled by oars. At Isa. 33:21 (NJV “floating vessels”; par. ṣî ˒addîr “stately ship”) Zion is said to no longer need such a ship because its strength now lies in God and not in arms (cf. 2:2–4).
Ships and Sailing. †Biblical terms for ships in general include Heb. ˒anîyâ, ṣî; Gk. ploíon (cf. naús, a Classical Greek word found in the New Testament only at Acts 27:41). More specific terms designating a “small boat” are Gk. ploiárion, skáphē (also “life boat”). Heb. ˒anî is
SHIPS AND NAVIGATION Thousands of years before the first ship sailed in the open sea small boats were plying the large rivers of Egypt and Mesopotamia. In Assyrian reliefs soldiers are depicted crossing a river on inflated skins. Later numbers of such skins were joined together, covered with a reed mat
SHIPS AND BOATS Trade and communication along the Nile in Egypt and the rivers of Mesopotamia necessitated raft building and wooden boats; later, oar-powered ships were built for sailing the Red Sea and the Mediterranean.
Ship. No one writer in the whole range of Greek and Roman literature has supplied us with so much information concerning the merchant-ships of the ancients as St. Luke in the narrative of St. Paul’s voyage to Rome. Acts 27–28. It is important to remember that he accomplished it in three ships: first,