The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Navigation in the Ancient World
Navigation in the Ancient World Surveys the development of shipbuilding and seafaring throughout the ancient world.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Boat. Small watercraft. Boats mentioned in the Bible were propelled by oars or sails and used for fishing, travel, or as lifeboats on larger vessels.See Travel and Transportation.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ships; Boats
Ships; Boats [Heb. ʾonîyâ (e.g., Gen. 49:13; Ezk. 27:9; cf. Ugar. anyt; AmTab 245:28, a-na-ya), ʾo, collective for ships in a fleet (e.g., 1 K. 9:26f.; 10:11, 22 [AV NAVY]; Isa. 33:21 [RSV GALLEY]), ṣî (cf. Egyp ḏ€iÙ—‘ferry across’), always of foreign ships (Nu. 24:24; Isa. 33:21; Ezk. 30:9,
Navy The AV translation of Heb ʾo in 1 K. 9:26f.; 10:11, 22 (RSV, NEB, “fleet [of ships]”). See Ships I.
Skiffs of Reed
Skiffs of Reed [Heb. ʾonîyôṯ ʾēḇeh—‘boats of reed’] (Job 9:26); AV SWIFT SHIPS; NEB REED-BUILT SKIFFS. Job compares the brevity of his life to swiftly moving reed boats, varieties of which were found in both Mesopotamia and Egypt (cf. Isa 18:2).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
BOAT Small watercraft. Boats mentioned in the Bible were propelled by oars or sails and used for fishing or travel, or as lifeboats on larger vessels. See Travel.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
boats. The inland origin of the ancient Hebrews is apparent in the Bible’s infrequent references to boats and sailing. Still, the Israelites did know of traders and seafaring (e.g., 2 Chron. 8:17–18; 9:21; Pss. 104:26; 107:23–30; Prov. 31:14; Ezek. 27; 1 Macc. 8:23, 26, 28), and they were acquainted
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
A Roman merchantman of the first century. Department of Classics, New York UniversityBOATS. The people of ancient Israel were not a seafaring people, a fact that is strikingly illustrated by the very scattered mention of ships or boats in Scriptures. The Jordan River was not safely navigable and the
FORESHIPThe front part of a ship, the bow or prow. The KJV renders Acts 27:30) “as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship,” but in v. 41 the same Gr. word is translated “and the forepart stuck fast” (ASV, “foreship”). The RSV uses “bow” in both instances.
NAVY. Used in the sense of a fleet of ships (1 Kgs 9:26). The only reference in the Bible are applied to Solomon’s navy, which was based at Ezion-geber and which brought luxury goods from Africa and Asia for exchange with Phoenicia (1 Kgs 10:22). See Ships.
SHIPS. Ships and shipping have been known from very ancient times. As early as 3500 b.c. ships with a square sail and forked stern (to hold a steering paddle) were depicted in Egyptian paintings or modeled for use in tombs. By the time of Snefru in the Old Kingdom (c. 2650 b.c.) large ships 170 feet
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ships and Boats
SHIPS AND BOATS. Rafts constructed from bundles of reeds were in use from a very early period in both Egypt and Mesopotamia and appear as an early pictographic sign on a clay tablet from c. 3500 bc. The raft has remained a popular craft in the marshes of S Mesopotamia. A clay model of a boat found at
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ships and Sailing
Ships and SailingAs the historic era dawned in the Bible lands, ca. 3000 b.c.e., blue-water sailing on the Mediterranean (and perhaps the Red Sea) already had a venerable tradition. Although the advent of maritime travel and the identity of the first mariners who bravely sailed beyond sight of the shore
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Galley (Heb. ˒o “ship”). A large ship or warship propelled by oars. At Isa. 33:21 (NJV “floating vessels”; par. ṣî ˒addîr “stately ship”) Zion is said to no longer need such a ship because its strength now lies in God and not in arms (cf. 2:2–4).
Ships and Sailing
Ships and Sailing. †Biblical terms for ships in general include Heb. ˒anîyâ, ṣî; Gk. ploíon (cf. naús, a Classical Greek word found in the New Testament only at Acts 27:41). More specific terms designating a “small boat” are Gk. ploiárion, skáphē (also “life boat”). Heb. ˒a is
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Ships And Navigation
SHIPS AND NAVIGATION Thousands of years before the first ship sailed in the open sea small boats were plying the large rivers of Egypt and Mesopotamia. In Assyrian reliefs soldiers are depicted crossing a river on inflated skins. Later numbers of such skins were joined together, covered with a reed mat
Catholic Bible Dictionary
SHIPS AND BOATS Trade and communication along the Nile in Egypt and the rivers of Mesopotamia necessitated raft building and wooden boats; later, oar-powered ships were built for sailing the Red Sea and the Mediterranean.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ship. No one writer in the whole range of Greek and Roman literature has supplied us with so much information concerning the merchant-ships of the ancients as St. Luke in the narrative of St. Paul’s voyage to Rome. Acts 27–28. It is important to remember that he accomplished it in three ships: first,
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Topics & Themes