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Bless
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The act of making a binding verbal pronouncement of good or evil on another person or persons.The Hebrew root, ברך‎ (brk), “bless,” is widely understood as referring to “health-creating power”; someone who is בְּרוּךְ‎ (berukh), “blessed,” is gifted with such power, while to bless someone is either to bestow such power on them (often by means of a verbal statement) or to declare that they have such power (TLOT s.v. “ברך‎, brk“; see references there). Greek εὐλογέω (eulogeō), “to speak well,” was used in the Septuagint and other ancient Jewish writings to translate Hebrew brk, and took on the meaning of “to bless” from the Hebrew word (TDNT s.v. “εὐλογέω, eulogeō,” 754). To curse someone, by contrast, is to bestow ill effects on someone (again often by means of a verbal statement; TLOT s.v. “ארר‎, 'rr”).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Bless and Curse
Bless and Curse The act of making a binding verbal pronouncement of good or evil on another person or persons.The Hebrew root, ברך‎ (brk), “bless,” is widely understood as referring to “health-creating power”; someone who is בְּרוּךְ‎ (berukh), “blessed,” is gifted with such power, while to bless someone
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Bless/Blessing
BLESS/BLESSING [Heb brk (ברך)]. The Hebrew root brk has diverse but unrelated etymological meanings, just as in other Semitic languages. There are the verbal and nominal forms related to “bless/blessing.” A verb “to kneel” and a noun “knee” (Gen 24:11; Ps 95:6; Isa 45:23) also derive from the same root.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Bless, Blessing
Bless, Blessing. Pronouncement of the favor of God upon an assembled congregation. Worship services, especially observances of Holy Communion in Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and most Protestant churches, usually end with a blessing spoken by the senior clergyman present. This pronouncement (called
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bless
Bless [Heb. bāraḵ—‘bend the knee’ (?); Aram. beraḵ; Gk. eulogéō—‘speak well of’]; NEB also GIVE, GRANT, BRING, INVOKE, SAY, or SHARE A BLESSING, WORSHIP, PRAISE, GREET, CONGRATULATE, etc.; BLESSED [Heb. ’ašrê, bārûḵ; Aram berîḵ (Dnl. 3:28), meḇāraḵ (Dnl. 2:20); Gk. eulogētós,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Bless, Blessing
BLESS, BLESSING Pronouncement of the favor of God upon an assembled congregation. Worship services, especially observances of Holy Communion in Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and most Protestant churches, usually end with a blessing spoken by the senior clergyman present. This pronouncement (called
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Bless, Blessing
bless, blessing (Heb. barak, “to bless”; berakah, “a blessing, good fortune”; the most common form is the passive participle baruk, “blessed”).1 When the object is God, a word carrying the sense of “to worship or praise,” as in “Bless the Lord” (Ps. 103:1) or “Blessed by the name of the Lord” (Ps. 113:2).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Bless, Blessing
BLESS, BLESSING. The act of one person blessing another can be considered under several headings.1. God blessing man (Gen 1:28; 12:2; 22:17; 32:29; Ex 20:24; 23:25; Deut 1:11; 15:10; 2 Sam 6:11; Ps 28:9; 45:2; 107:38; Eph 1:3; Heb 6:14). God’s blessing, since it is that of an omniscient, omnipotent,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bless, Blessing
Bless, BlessingThe Hebrew root brk bears a number of unrelated etymological meanings: the verbal and nominal forms of “bless”; the verbal and nominal forms of “kneel”; and a noun, “pool, pond, basin.” Even within the semantic range “bless,” brk can mean to bestow goodness or favor or to greet, congratulate,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bless, Blessed
(Heb. baraḵ “bend the knee”; Aram. beraḵ; Gk.eulogéō), BLESSED (Heb. ˒ašrê, barûḵ; Aram. berîḵ; Gk. eulogētós, makários).† To bless means variously to worship or praise, to bestow goodness and favor, and to invoke such qualities upon another. When applied to God, the terms
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Bless, Blessing
BLESS, BLESSING. Acts of blessing may be considered: (1) When God is said to bless men (Gen. 1:28; 22:17). God’s blessing is accompanied with that virtue that renders His blessing effectual and which is expressed by it. Because God is eternal and omnipresent, His omniscience and omnipotence cause His
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Bless
Bless(1.) God blesses his people when he bestows on them some gift temporal or spiritual (Gen. 1:22; 24:35; Job 42:12; Ps. 45:2; 104:24, 35).(2.) We bless God when we thank him for his mercies (Ps. 103:1, 2; 145:1, 2).(3.) A man blesses himself when he invokes God’s blessing (Isa. 65:16), or rejoices
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Curse and Blessing
Curse and Blessingcurse and blessing, oral pronouncements for harm or good.Terminology: The three most frequently used words for ‘curse’ in the Hebrew Bible are alah, arar, and killel. The first (alah), meaning curse as imprecation, describes curse from the point of view of its pronouncement or utterance
Key passages
Ge 12:2–3

And I will make you a great nation, and I will bless you, and I will make your name great. And you will be a blessing. And I will bless those who bless you, and those who curse you I will curse. And all families of the earth will be blessed in you.”

Nu 6:24–26

Yahweh will bless you and keep you; Yahweh will make shine his face on you and be gracious to you; Yahweh will lift up his face upon you, and he will give you peace.’

Dt 11:26–29

“See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse: the blessing, if you listen to the commandments of Yahweh your God that I am commanding you today, and the curse, if you do not listen to the commandments of Yahweh your God, but rather you turn from the way that I am commanding …