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Bishop
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Episcopos
Episcopos (ἐπίσκοπος, episkopos). The Greek word for a kind of Christian leader. Translated as “overseer” or “bishop.” For more information, see this article: Overseer.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Bishop
Bishop. Official in the church whose qualifications are listed in 1 Timothy 3:2–7 and Titus 1:6–9. The Greek word from which the English title “bishop” and the adjective “episcopal” are derived is often translated in modern versions as “elder,” “overseer,” “shepherd,” or “guardian,” corresponding closely
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Bishoprick
Bishoprick The AV translation of Gk. episkopḗ in Acts 1:20 (quoting Ps. 109:8). The RSV has “office,” the NEB “charge.” See Bishop Congregational View.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Bishop
BISHOP* Official in the church whose qualifications are listed in 1 Timothy 3:2–7 and Titus 1:6–9. The Greek word from which the English title “bishop” and the adjective “episcopal” are derived is often translated in modern versions as “elder,” “overseer,” “shepherd,” or “guardian,” corresponding closely
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Bishop
bishop (Gk. episkopos, “overseer,” “guardian”), early Christian office mentioned in Phil. 1:1, qualifications for which are stated in 1 Tim. 3:1–7; Titus 1:5–9 (cf. 1 Tim. 5:17–22). Titus equates bishop and elder (Gk. presbyteros; cf. Acts 20:17, 28), but in 1 Tim., bishop, elder, and deacon appear to
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Bishop
BISHOP. The word episkopos occurs five times in the NT: once of Christ (1 Pet 2:25), and in four places of “bishops” or “overseers” in local churches (Acts 20:28; Phil 1:1; 1 Tim 3:2; Tit 1:7). The verb episkopeō occurs in Heb 12:15 (“watching”) and (in some NT MSS) 1 Pet 5:2 (“exercising the oversight,”
Bishopric
BISHOPRIC (Gr. episkopē). The English word is found only in Acts 1:20 (KJV; “office” in RVS) and quoted by the apostle Peter from Ps 109:8. The reference is to Judas’ position as an apostle. In 1 Tim 3:1 the same Gr. word is used of the office of bishop; in 1 Pet 2:12 the word is translated “visitation.”
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Bishop
BishopA high office in early Church ministry and governance. It is not clear when the word (Gk. epɩ́skopos), as used in early Christian circles, passed from the generic meaning “overseer” or “guardian” to the specific meaning “bishop.” The former meaning is likely in Acts 20:28, where Paul is said to
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Bishop
Bishop. A New Testament name for an office bearer or minister of a local church (Gk.epískopos “overseer”). Bishops may have been included in the governing body at the church at Ephesus (Acts 20:28, mentioned after elders at v. 17) and at Philippi (Phil. 1:1, along with deacons; NIV “overseers”;
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Bishop
BISHOP (Greek episkopos, “overseer”) A successor to the apostles (see Apostle, and cf. Acts 1:20–22) who has received the fullness of Christ’s priesthood and is responsible for the oversight of a diocese or ecclesiastical territory (cf. 1 Thess 5:12; Heb 13:17; 1 Pet 5:14).In traditional Greek usage,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
bishop
bishop (Gk. ἐπίσκοπος, lit. ‘overseer’). The highest order of ministers in the Christian Church. The word is an Anglo-Saxon corruption of episcopus.In Catholic Christendom (incl. the Anglican Communion) bishops are the chief pastors of the Church, who individually form a centre of unity in their dioceses,
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Bishop
Bishop. The word originally signified an “overseer” or spiritual superintendent. The titles bishop and elder, or presbyter, were essentially equivalent. Bishop is from the Greek, and denotes one who exercises the function of overseeing. Presbyter was derived from the office in the synagogue. Of the order
Bishopric
Bishopric, the district over which the jurisdiction of a bishop extended. Acts 1:20; 1 Tim. 3:1.
Key passages
Ac 20:28

Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock among which the Holy Spirit has appointed you as overseers, to shepherd the church of God which he obtained through the blood of his own Son.

Tt 1:5–9

On account of this, I left you behind in Crete, in order that what remains may be set in order and you may appoint elders in every town, as I ordered you. If anyone is blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children, not accused of dissipation or rebellious. …