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Birthday
Birth-day • Birthdays
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Birthday
Birthday [Heb. yôm hulleḏeṯ; Gk. genésia]. The term occurs in Gen. 40:20 (“birthday” of Pharaoh) and in Mt. 14:6; Mk. 6:21 (“birthday” of Herod Antipas). There is evidence for birthday celebrations in Greece and Persia. Herodotus refers to the birthday celebrations of individuals, a special meal
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Birthday
BIRTHDAY. There are two biblical references to birthdays: (1) On Pharaoh’s birthday he made a feast for his servants and granted amnesty to his chief butler whom he had previously imprisoned (Gen 40:20). (2) The birthday of Herod Antipas was celebrated with a banquet for his “courtiers and officers and
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Birthday
BIRTHDAY. The day of birth and its anniversaries were usually a day of rejoicing and often of feasting. Only two such anniversaries are recorded in Scripture, that of Joseph’s pharaoh (Gn. 40:20) and that of Herod Antipas (Mt. 14; 6; Mk. 6:21). In Egypt, celebration of birthdays is mentioned at least
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Birthdays
Birthdays. The custom of observing birthdays is very ancient, Gen. 40:20; Jer. 20:15; and in Job 1:4, etc., we read that Job’s sons “feasted every one his day.” In Persia birthdays were celebrated with peculiar honors and banquets, and in Egypt those of the king were kept with great pomp. It is very
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Birthday
BIRTHDAY (Heb. yôm hūlledet, Gen. 40:20; Gk. ta genesia, Matt. 14:6; Mark 6:21). The custom of observing birthdays is ancient and widely extended. In Persia they were celebrated with peculiar honor and banquets, and in Egypt the king’s birthday was observed with great pomp (Gen. 40:20). No reference
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Birth-day
Birth-dayThe observance of birth-days was common in early times (Job 1:4, 13, 18). They were specially celebrated in the land of Egypt (Gen. 40:20). There is no recorded instance in Scripture of the celebration of birth-days among the Jews. On the occasion of Herod’s birth-day John the Baptist was beheaded
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Birthday
BIRTHDAY — the day or anniversary of one’s birth. The word “birthday” is used three times in the Bible: once of Pharaoh (Gen. 40) and twice of Herod Antipas (Matt. 14:6; Mark 6:21). The birthdays of kings and other high officials were regularly celebrated, especially in Egypt and Persia. But the anniversary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BIRTHDAY
BIRTHDAY<burth’-da>:1. The custom of observing birthdays of great men, especially of kings, was widespread in ancient times (see Genesis 40:20 f, “the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday,” etc.; compare 2 Macc 6:7; and Herod. ix.110; in the New Testament, Matthew 14:6; Mark 6:21, “Herod
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Birthdays
Birthʹdays. The custom of observing birthdays is very ancient (Gen. 40:20; Job 1:4). In Persia they were celebrated with peculiar honors and banquets, and in Egypt the king’s birthdays were kept with great pomp. The Scriptures record no instance of a birthday-celebration among the Jews themselves, and
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
Birthday
BIRTHDAY.—In Mt 14:6 and Mk 6:21 this word represents the Gr. τὰ γενέσια in the account of the king’s (Herod Antipas) feast to his nobles, at which John the Baptist was condemned to death. It has been suggested, however, though without much acceptance, that the anniversary referred to was that of Herod’s
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Birthday
birthday. The celebration of the anniversary of a person’s birth appears to be a universal practice, for in most human societies the privileges and responsibilities of life are attached to the attainment of a certain age. Surviving census documents, dating back to a.d. 48, carefully record the age of
A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs: A Reference Guide to More than 700 Topics Discussed by the Early Church Fathers
Birthdays
BIRTHDAYSNow it came to pass on the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, that he made a feast for all his servants; and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants. Gen. 40:20.But when Herod’s birthday was celebrated, the daughter of Herodias danced before
Key passages
Ge 40:20

And it happened that on the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, he made a feast for all his servants. And he lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker in the midst of his servants.

Mk 6:21

And a suitable day came when Herod, on his birthday, gave a banquet for his courtiers and military tribunes and the most prominent men of Galilee.