Birds Classified in the Bible as animals capable of flying a long distance without interruption, in contrast to animals that swim in the water, roam the earth, or fly only short distances (e.g., insects).
Birds. Feathered vertebrates of the class Aves. Over 8,000 species of birds are known. Approximately 400 species are found in the Holy Land and about 40 are mentioned in Scripture.Today scientists classify organisms on the basis of internal and external structure, but the biblical writers generally
Fowl [Heb ʿôp, ṣippôr, barburîm]. Since the 16th cent. the word “fowl” has undergone a change in meaning. Then it meant any winged animal, domesticated or wild. Since then its meaning has been restricted to domesticated birds, and “birds” replaced “fowls.” Accordingly, the RSV has retained only
BIRDS Feathered vertebrates of the class Aves. Over 8,000 species of birds are known. Approximately 400 species are found in the Holy Land and about 40 are mentioned in Scripture.Modern scientists classify organisms on the basis of internal and external structure, but the biblical writers generally
birds. Of the three collective terms for birds used in the Bible, one is translated as “flier” (Heb. ‘oph), another means literally “owner of a wing” (Heb. ba‘al kanaph), and a third means “winged” or “flying” (Gk. peteinon). Furthermore, birds were classified in the Bible as either “screamers” (Heb.
FATTED FOWL. This term, referring to fatted birds, is used only once in the OT (1 Kgs 4:23 [Heb., 5:3]). The term translated the Heb. words barbūrɩ̂m ’ăbûsɩ̂m. The first of the two words stems from the root bārar, meaning “be pure” and thus white. Since ivory carvings from Megiddo show a row of barefooted
BirdsPalestine’s unique geographic position as a land bridge connecting Europe, Africa, and Asia, along with the confluence of a number of environmental zones (ocean, lakes, streams, mountains, valleys, deserts) within a small geographic area, has resulted in an unusually rich assemblage of bird species.
Birds. †Palestine has an unusually large and diverse bird population. Although somewhat dated, the research of H. B. Tristram indicates that the ancient Israelites would have been in contact with no fewer than 350 species; more recently, F. S. Bodenheimer has numbered 413 species and subspecies. Three
FOWL Domesticated fowl made their first appearance in the ancient Near East around the second millennium b.c., and chickens first appeared in Israelite art in seals dating from around the late eighth century b.c. Nevertheless, domestic fowl as food was not common in Palestine and was not mentioned specifically
Fowl. Several distinct Hebrew and Greek words are thus rendered in the English Bible. Of these the most common is ˒ôph, which is usually a collective term for all kinds of birds. In 1 Kings 4:23, among the daily provisions for Solomon’s table “fatted fowl” are included. In the New Testament the word
FATTENED FOWL (Heb. barbūrı̂m ˒ăbûsı̂m). Mentioned among the daily provisions for Solomon’s table (1 Kings 4:23; NIV, “choice fowl”). Evidently the “lark-heeled cuckoo” is meant. The cuckoo is a delicacy in Greece and Italy, even today (L. Koehler, Lexicon, ad loc.). SeeAnimal Kingdom.