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Binding and Loosing
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Binding and Loosing
Binding and Loosing The Hebrew phrase for “restricting” and “permitting,” with respect to interpretation of the Torah.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Binding and Loosing
BINDING AND LOOSING. In the gospel of Matthew reference is twice made to a power of binding and loosing: Matt 16:19, where the power is given to “Peter,” and Matt 18:18, where it is entrusted to the “disciples,” a group identical with the twelve in Matthew. A parallel saying can be found in John where,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Binding and Loosing
BINDING AND LOOSING* Biblical concept much discussed and debated throughout Christian history. Jesus referred to binding and loosing on two different occasions. After Peter’s confession that Jesus was the Messiah, Jesus said to him: “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Binding and Loosing
BINDING AND LOOSING. These words were common in rabbinical circles in both a legislative and a judicial sense. They were employed to mean: (1) to forbid or permit, (2) to condemn or acquit, and (3) to retain sins or to forgive.Christ’s conferral on Peter of the power to bind and loose (Mt 16:19) has
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Binding and Loosing
BINDING AND LOOSING (Aram. asar and šerā’; Gk. deō, lyō). Rabbinic terms used in Mt. 16:19 of Peter’s doctrinal authority to declare things forbidden or permitted; and in Mt. 18:18 of the disciples’ disciplinary authority to condemn or absolve. The disciplinary authority differs from personal rabbinic
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Binding and Loosing
Binding and LoosingJesus entrusted the keys of the kingdom of heaven and the power of “binding and loosing” to Simon Peter after the apostle’s declaration that Jesus was the Messiah (Matt. 16:16–19). Later, Jesus gave the disciples (the Twelve in Matthew) similar authority to regulate disciplinary matters
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Binding and Loosing
Binding and Loosing In conferring upon Peter authority as head of the Church (Matt. 16:19), Jesus uses the rabbinic technical terms “to bind” (Gk. déō; Aram. ˒asar) and “to loose” (Gk. lýō; Aram. šerā˒). In rabbinic usage the terms mean “to forbid” and “to permit” with reference to interpretation
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
binding and loosing
binding and loosing. The power which Mt. 16:19 reports was given by Christ to St *Peter and later to all the Apostles (Mt. 18:18). It seems to be a general authority to exercise discipline over the Church, and, while some have identified it with the power of forgiving or retaining sins (Jn. 20:23),
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Binding and Loosing
BINDING AND LOOSING. In Matt. 16:19 the power of binding and loosing is given to the apostle Peter in connection with “the keys of the kingdom of heaven.” A key in Scripture is a symbol of power and authority (Isa. 22:22; Rev. 1:18). Peter was thus given authority to open and close, not with reference
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Binding and Loosing
BINDING AND LOOSING — a phrase describing the authority and power that Jesus assigned to His disciples, allowing them to forbid or allow certain kinds of conduct.This phrase occurs only twice in the New Testament. In the first instance (Matt. 16:19), Jesus gave Peter “the keys of the kingdom of heaven”
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Loose, Loosen
Loose, LoosenThe imagery of loosening in the Bible refers to freeing or unbinding something. It pictures the removing of restraint. This can be either good, as when a prisoner is loosed from his bonds, or sinister, as when God looses his punishment on a wicked world. Except in references to such everyday
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Binding and Loosing
BINDING AND LOOSING Simon Peter made the great confession that Jesus was the Christ, the Son of God, in Matt. 16:16. Jesus immediately responded by telling Simon that his name would be Peter and that Christ would build His church on this great confession. He went on, “I will give you the keys of the
Key passages
Mt 16:19

I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you release on earth will be released in heaven.”

Mt 18:18

“Truly I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you release on earth will be released in heaven.