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Beyond the Jordan
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Refers to land on either side of the Euphrates River, depending on the speaker’s point of view. From the perspective of the Israelites, “beyond the river” is the region east of the Euphrates, the common referent for “the river” in the Old Testament (Josh 24:14–15). The expression also can refer to the post-exilic Persian province west of the Euphrates (the province that included Israel; Ezra 4:10–20; Neh 2:7). Some have suggested that the term also can indicate the Transjordanian region from the perspective of those living west of the Euphrates (see 2 Sam 10:16; 1 Kgs 14:15; 1 Chr 19:16).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Beyond the River
Beyond the River (עֵבֶר הַנָּהָר‎, ever hannahar). Refers to land on either side of the Euphrates River, depending on the speaker’s point of view. From the perspective of the Israelites, “beyond the river” is the region east of the Euphrates, the common referent for “the river” in the Old Testament (Josh
Perea
Perea (Περαία, Peraia); Also known as “Beyond the Jordan” (עֵבֶר הַיַרְדֵּן‎, ever hayarden; πέραν ὁ Ἰορδάνης, peran ho Iordanēs). A region east of the Jordan River and south of Galilee that factors prominently in the ministries of John the Baptist and Jesus. Perea was part of the kingdom of Herod the
Transjordan
Transjordan (עבר נָהָר‎, vr nahar; בְּ עֵבֶר הַ יַרְדֵּן‎, b ever ha yarden; עֲבַר נְהַר‎, avar nehar) (Περαια, Peraia; πέραν ὁ Ἰορδάνης, peran ho Iordanēs). Modern designation for the region east of the Jordan River. Includes the biblical sub-regions of Bashan, Golan, Gilead, Ammon, Moab, and Edom.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Beyond the River (Place)
BEYOND THE RIVER (PLACE) [Heb ʿēber hannāhār (עֵבֶר הַנָּהָר)]. “Beyond the river” (Aramaic ʿăbar nahărâ; Gk peran tou potamou) can refer to (1) lands E of the Euphrates, (2) the Persian provinces W of the Euphrates including Coele-Syria, and (3) possibly Transjordan. 2 Sam 10:16; 1 Kgs 14:15;
Beyond the Jordan (Place)
BEYOND THE JORDAN (PLACE). From the E this would be W of the Jordan, i.e., Cisjordan; from the W, it would be E of the river, i.e., Transjordan. The Talmud refers to Transjordan.The “Jordan” is usually understood to be the Jordan river but it may be an old word for “river” with the context suggesting
Perea (Place)
PEREA (PLACE) [Gk Peraia (Περαια)]. A territory E of the Jordan river, described by Josephus as extending “in length from Machaerus to Pella, in breadth from Philadelphia to the Jordan” (JW 3.3.3 §44).A. IdentityThe name Perea is found in variant readings of Luke 6:17 (Codex Sinaiticus, Freer Gospel;
Transjordan
TRANSJORDAN. Generally the area E of the Jordan Rift Valley from the Gulf of Aqaba (Elath) in the S to Mt. Hermon in the N, and E into the desert to the edge of normal vegetation. The term does not appear in the RSV. However, the phrase “beyond the Jordan” (Heb ʿbr hyrdn) frequently carries at least
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Perea
Perea. Term not occurring in the NT except in the 4th-century manuscript, Codex Sinaiticus, where it appears in Luke 6:17, and is treated as a variant reading by most editions of the Greek NT. It was used in the 1st century ad. by Josephus to refer to the region “beyond the Jordan” (he derived the word
Transjordan
Transjordan. Territory on the east side of the Jordan River. Although this name does not appear in the Bible, numerous events took place there in biblical history. Today the area is roughly equivalent to the kingdom of Jordan. In biblical times the area would have comprised Bashan, Gilead, Ammon, Moab,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Perea
Perea pə-rēʹ-ə [Gk. Peraia, unused in the NT except var Lk. 6:17 א‎* W]. A portion of Transjordan included in the kingdom of Herod the Great, and included with Galilee in the tetrarchy of Herod Antipas.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Perea
PEREA* Term not occurring in the NT except in the fourth-century manuscript Codex Sinaiticus and the fifth-century manuscript Codex Washingtonianus, where it appears in Luke 6:17 and is treated as a variant reading by most editors of the Greek NT. It was used in the first century ad by Josephus to refer
Transjordan
TRANSJORDAN* Territory on the east side of the Jordan River. Although this name does not appear in the Bible, numerous events took place there in biblical history. Today the area is roughly equivalent to the kingdom of Jordan. In biblical times the area would have comprised Bashan, Gilead, Ammon, Moab,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Perea
Perea (puh-ree´uh; from GK., “beyond”), an area east of the Jordan River. The name occurs nowhere in the Bible, but is frequent in the writings of the first-century historian Josephus. Such biblical expressions as “beyond the Jordan” and “across the Jordan” appear to be the equivalent of Perea in Matt.
Transjordan
Transjordan (trans-jor´duhn), strictly speaking the area directly east of the Jordan River, but a term normally used today for the high plateau area from the Yarmuq River in the north to the head of the Gulf of Aqabah in the south. The present Kingdom of Jordan represents the first time in history that
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Beyond Jordan, Beyond the River
BEYOND JORDAN, BEYOND THE RIVER The deep rift of the Jordan River divides Palestine E and W. The Heb. term “beyond the Jordan” is used numerous times of the land E (Deut 1:1; 3:8, RVS) and also a number of times of the land W of the Jordan (Deut 3:20, 25; 11:30). The phrase thus acquires a technical
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Peraea
PERAEA. A district in Transjordan, corresponding roughly to the *Gilead of the OT. It is never mentioned by name in the NT—that is left to Josephus—but is the district referred to several times (e.g. Mt. 19:1) as the land ‘beyond Jordan’. The name Peraea came into use after the Exile, to denote an area
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Beyond the River
Beyond the River1. The area E of the Euphrates (2 Sam. 10:16; 1 Kgs. 14:15; Isa. 7:20; 1 Chr. 19:16); also translated “beyond the Euphrates” (NRSV).2. The area W of the Euphrates (1 Kgs. 4:24 [MT 5:4]); also translated in various places as “west of the Euphrates” (NRSV, NIV), “Trans-Euphrates” (NIV),
Beyond the Jordan
Beyond the JordanA geographical term (Heb. ʿēḇer hayyardēn) designating either the region W (e.g., Gen. 50:10–11, Jacob’s burial place) or (usually) E (e.g., Judg. 5:17, Gad; Matt. 4:25, Gk. péran) of the river Jordan, depending on the writer’s viewpoint.
Perea
Perea (Gk. Peraɩ́a)A Transjordanian territory extending south-north from Machaerus to Pella, or roughly from the river Arnon (Wadi Mojib) to the Wadi el-Yābis (since Pella was part of the Decapolis and therefore not included), and east-west from Philadelphia (Amman) to the Jordan River (Josephus BJ
Transjordan
TransjordanAn expression derived from Heb. ʿbr hyrdn (e.g., Josh. 12:1; Num. 34:14–15), variously translated “beyond the Jordan,” “the other side of the Jordan.” While technically it simply refers to the opposite side of the Jordan River from the perspective of the observer, it came to be associated
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Beyond the River
Beyond the River. Another name for the area east of the Euphrates from which Hadadezer mustered additional soldiers in his battle with David’s general Joab (2 Sam. 10:16 par. 1 Chr. 19:16) and to which Israel was to be deported (1 Kgs. 14:15). Surprisingly, in his farewell address (Josh. 24:3, 14–15)
Beyond the Jordan
Beyond the Jordan (Heb. ˓ēḇer hayyardēn).† A geographical term designating either the region west (e.g., Gen. 50:10–11, Jacob’s burial place [NIV “near the Jordan”; JB “across the Jordan”]; Deut. 3:20, Palestine [NIV “across the Jordan”]) or east (usually, e.g., Judg. 5:17, the inheritance
Perea
Perea [pə rēˊə] (Gk. Peraia). A Transjordanian territory paralleling the Jordan river and the Dead Sea from Machaerus and the Arnon river in the south to the Decapolis cities of Philadelphia (biblical Rabbathammon, modern ˓Ammân) and Gerasa (and just south of Pella) in the east and north (Josephus
Transjordan
Transjordan [trănz jörˊdən]. The region east of the Rift valley (i.e., the Sea of Galilee, the Jordan river, and the Arabah) and west of the Syrian and north Arabian desert. Transjordan extends ca. 350 km. (220 mi.) from Mt. Hermon in the north to the area southeast of the Dead Sea. The Old Testament
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Perea
PEREA A Jewish district east of the River Jordan extending along the Jordan Valley and the northern part of the eastern shores of the Dead Sea, its name meaning the land ‘beyond’. On the east it bordered the city territories of Gerasa, Philadelphia (Rabbath-Ammon), Heshbon and Medaba, and its main cities
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Perea
PEREA The name of the territory east of the lower Jordan during New Testament times. It is not mentioned by name in the Gospels but is designated by the expression “beyond the Jordan” (Matt 4:25, 19:1; Mark 3:8, 10:1; John 3:26).
Transjordan
TRANSJORDAN The area east of the Jordan Rift Valley as far as the Arabian desert. The term is not used in the RSV.
See also
Topics & Themes